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Academic Catalog 

Mary Washington College 

Bulletin 1978-80 

Mary Washington College Bulletin, Ad- 
missions Catalog Issue, Volume 9, No. 2 
June 1978. Published quarterly by Mary 
Washington College, Fredericksburg, Vir- 
ginia 22401. Second class postage paid 
at Fredericksburg. 

Mary Washington College does not discrimi- 
nate in recruiting, admitting, or enrolling stu- 
dents on the basis of race, color, religion, 
physical disability, national origin, political af- 
filiation, marital status, sex, or age. Questions 
should be directed to the Vice President and 
AAEEO Officer, Mary Washington College, 
Box 3575 College Station, Fredericksburg, 
Virginia 22401. 

Mary Washington College is accredited by 
the Southern Association of Colleges and 

The College is a member of: 
The Southern University Conference 
The American Council on Education 
The Association of Virginia Colleges 
The College Entrance Examination Board 
The University Center in Virginia 

Honorary academic organizations with 

chapters on campus include: 

Phi Beta Kappa (academic achievement) 

Mortarboard ( leadership, scholarship and 


Chi Beta Phi ( achievement in the sciences ) 

Women graduates are eligible for member- 
ship in the American Association of University 

For answers to questions about Mary 
Washington College, to apply for admission, 
or to arrange interviews and tours, please 

H. Conrad Warlick 

Dean of Admissions and Financial Aid 
Mary Washington College 
Fredericksburg, Virginia 22401 
703/373-7250 ext. 281 


JRl. " -JHLary Washington College — 
named for the mother of the father of our 
country — is a link to our country's beginning 
and a stepping stone to its future. 

Located on the site of one of the major Civil 
War battles, Mary Washington College is a study 
in contrast. Steeped in history, the College is 
preparing young men and women for their 
roles in the 21st century. At 
Mary Washington College 
you will find up-to-date in- 
struction in computer sci- 
ence, nuclear physics and 
atomic chemistry. 

At the same time, you can 
step back two hundred years 
to the days of America's 
founding fathers when you 
stroll through nearby Ken- 
more — home of George 
Washington's sister — or 
browse in the James Monroe 
Museum and Memorial Library, now adminis- 
tered by the College. 

But Mary Washington College is much, 
much more. Mary Washington is the only small, 
public, residential, coeducational, liberal arts 
college in Virginia. 

Small, Public. Small, we think, is more a 
feeling than a number. Mary Washington has 
2,415 students and a faculty of 134. That's large 
enough to support a healthy diversity of 
backgrounds and interests, and maintain 

strength in the academic program. It is not 
large enough to encourage impersonality. The 
sense of community on Mary Washington's 
campus is enhanced by its location. Most stu- 
dent social life and much community intellec- 
tual life revolve around the campus. 

At Mary Washington we think quality is 
equal to excellent teaching plus small classes 
plus personal attention. This 
simple formula, which de- 
scribes our overall philos- 
ophy, has made Mary Wash- 
ington the choice for many 
students who are looking at 
advantages often associated 
with private institutions. 
Residential. Mary 7 Washing- 
ton has 17 residence halls, 
none of which holds more 
than 180 students. All offer 
the recreational and living 
amenities you would expect 
at a good, small college. There is everything 
from an indoor swimming pool to a 53-bed 
infirmary on campus. 

Informal social life centers around Ann 
Carter Lee Hall. The College Shop, a place to 
eat and socialize with friends; the nonresiden- 
tial students' lounge, and die bookstore are 
found here. There is at least one formal dance 
on campus each year. Otherwise, it's mixers, 
parties, movies, rock, disco, and bluegrass. 
There are no social fraternities or sororities. 

The College sponsors an annual concert 
series with visits from major orchestras, dance 
companies, and theater groups. The Depart- 
ment of Drama gives four plays and a series 
of laboratory productions each year; the Col- 
lege Chorus, the College-Community Sym- 
phony Orchestra and other musical groups 
give concerts and recitals, and the Dance 
Company performs once 
each semester. 

The Student Handbook 
covers most aspects of life at 
Mary Washington. As a can- 
didate for admission you can 
obtain a copy by writing to 
the Office of the Dean of 
Student Services. 
Coeducational. In 1970 
Mary Washington began ac- 
cepting male students. Dur- 
ing the 1977-78 academic 
year, there were about 350 
men on campus. As the College's efforts in- 
crease to make young men aware of Mary 
Washington as a coeducational institution, their 
number on campus will continue to rise. There 
are now two upperclass, coeducational resi- 
dence halls housing men on the lower floors 
and women on the upper floors. Freshmen 
residence halls are all-male and all-female. 

Mary Washington has men's intercollegiate 
teams in basketball, golf, soccer, and tennis. 
The program grows as the number of men on 

campus increases. Women have intercollegiate 
teams in basketball, golf, field hockey, lacrosse, 
swimming, tennis, and volleyball. A modern 
physical education building provides a basket- 
ball gymnasium, dance studios, an intercol- 
legiate swimming pool with one and three 
meter boards, an auxiliary gymnasium, a 16- 
station weight training machine, a handball- 
| racketball court, and a 
multi-purpose activities 
room. Outdoors are fields 
for soccer, hockey, lacrosse, 
and flag-football. A new 10- 
court tennis complex, track, 
and golf driving and putting 
area complete the athletic 

The Recreation Associa- 
tion sponsors trips, classes, 
clinics, intramurals, and 
clubs for hikers, fencers, rid- 
ers, and swimmers. 
Most academic departments have interest 
clubs or honoraries; there are also clubs for 
students interested in physical therapy, medical 
studies, and international relations. There are 
Afro-Americans, Young Democrats, Young Re- 
publicans, and off-campus branches of student 
religious organizations. Students produce 
three regular publications — a weekly news- 
paper, a yearbook, and a literary magazine. 
Liberal Arts. Students at Mary Washington 
receive a broad education in the liberal arts, 

complemented by intense study in a particular 
field. The College provides a program of 
academic and career counseling, beginning 
with the first semester of the freshman year. 
Also, each department designates one faculty 
member as a counselor on careers. An 
academic internship program offers oppor- 
tunities to earn up to twelve semester hours of 
credit for off-campus work. 
Adults, who wish to begin a 
college education or to con- 
tinue interrupted studies, 
may apply to the Bachelor of 
Liberal Studies Program and 
proceed at their own rate 
toward graduation. 

Because students are 
admitted to Mary Washing- 
ton with the understanding 
that they are academically 
able and personally mature, 
the College offers them both 
freedom and responsibility. Students have 
much leeway in choosing their programs at 
Mary Washington, but all are demanding; even 
the best prepared student is likely to find the 
freshman year academically difficult. There are 
no "cut rules" or enforced study hours. But 
there is help. 

The Mary Washington College faculty is a 
teaching faculty. Full professors teach at all 
levels. They are available for supervision of 
individual study, for advising, and for informal 

consultation. Most classes have fewer than 25 
students. A few courses have as many as 60, but 
these students also meet in small labs or 
discussion groups. Teaching methods vary, but 
most classes are lecture-discussion or seminar. 
In Virginia. The 275-acre campus stands on 
Marye's Heights, the site of the Civil War Battle 
of Fredericksburg. The town, located on the 
fall line of the Rappahannock 
River, was the center of sev- 
eral eastern campaigns of the 
Civil War. In the Colonial 
period, it was the boyhood 
home of George Washington, 
and a favorite meeting place 
of the founding fathers. 

Today, Fredericksburg is 
near the center of the east 
coast megalopolis, halfway 
between Richmond and 
Washington, D.C. There are 
three major airports within 
fifty miles (National, Dulles, and Richmond). 
Trailways and Greyhound buses stop almost 
every hour at the Fredericksburg station, two 
blocks from campus. Interstate 95 is the major 
north-south route. 

Ringed with shopping centers, die town 
retains much of its early charm, and offers an 
easy, gracious life style. The campus is within 
walking distance of downtown, allowing stu- 
dents to shop and participate in community 

[ m 

■ Wi 

Program of Studies 







„ > 

6 Programs of Study 
Degree Programs 

Mary Washington Col- 
lege selects qualified 
students and maintains 
a competent faculty 
and staff. Four broad 
degree programs, 29 majors, 
numerous special majors, and an 
alternate degree program offer 
Mary Washington College stu- 
dents much leeway in setting 
and attaining lifetime goals. 

Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor 
of Science, Bachelor of 
Science in Medical 

Degree requirements in these programs 
are stated in terms of attaining certain 
goals, not in terms of specific courses. 
Thus, to meet basic college requirements, 
the student investigates four broad areas 
of the liberal curriculum: literature, 
humanities, social science, and natural 
science and mathematics. Students spe- 
cialize by taking eight to 12 courses in one 
subject area, which constitute a major 

Although students are required to major 
in an academic discipline, they may also 
work toward a specific career or profes- 
sional goal. Both major programs and 
career opportunities are outlined in the 
following sections. 

Basic requirements and the major account 
for about half of the four-year course of 
study. Though students decide individu- 
ally how best to fulfill the other half of 
their undergraduate curriculum, the Col- 
lege encourages a rich and diverse total 
program. Some options open to the stu- 
dent are individual study, student-designed 
special majors, pass/fail courses, intern- 
ships and double majors. 

Making decisions is an integral part of the 
educational process at Mary Washington. 
While faculty members help students 
select courses and major fields of study, 
the final decisions are the student s own. 

Degree Specifics. The specific degree 
is determined by the choice of major 
program. All three degrees require 122 
semester credit hours, distributed in five 
categories: basic requirements, diversifi- 
cation, major program, electives, and 
physical education. No course may be 
scored in more than one category, and all 
students must demonstrate competence 
in English composition and in a foreign 
language. A quality-point average of 2.00 
on all Mary Washington College course 
work is also a degree requirement. 

Basic Requirements. Courses total- 
ing at least six credits are required in each 
of the following areas: 

Literature (L) — literature courses in clas- 
sics, English, modern foreign languages 

Humanities (H) — appropriate courses 
in American studies, art, classics, dance, 
dramatic arts, music, philosophy, religion, 

Social Science (S) — appropriate courses 
in American studies, anthropology, eco- 
nomics, foreign language, geography, 
history, political science, psychology, 

Natural Science and Mathematics (N/M) 
— appropriate courses in astronomy, 
biology, chemistry, computer science, 
geology, mathematics, physics, statistics 

Courses which may be taken to satisfy the 
basic requirements are identified in the 
course listing by letters (L), (H), (S), or 
(N/M). These symbols refer to the area 
divisions explained above. The content of 
the course, rather than the department in 
which it is taught determines its place- 
ment in one of the four area divisions. 

Diversification. At least one-third 
(40 credits) of die courses required for 
graduation must be taken in a subject or 
subjects other than the major subject. 
These are in addition to courses taken for 
basic requirements. Degree programs 
based on the minimum of 122 hours can 
have no more than 45 per cent (55 cred- 
its) of the total degree program in the 
same subject, unless they have been ap- 
proved as an Alternate Degree Program 
for greater concentration (see below). 
Students in interdepartmental majors 
may use any course for diversification. 

Major Program. Up to one-third (a 
maximum of 40 credits) of the degree 
program may be required in the major 
program. At least three-quarters of the 
major program must be fulfilled by 
courses taken at Mary Washington 
College; a quality-point average of 
2.00 on these courses is required. 

Elective*. Additional courses must be 
taken to complete a total of 120 semesters 
hours credit, exclusive of the required 
one year (two credits) in physical ed- 

Physical Education. Each student is 
required to take two credits of physical 
education or studio dance. 

Demonstration of Competence. 

English Composition. Each student must 
demonstrate competence in English 
composition. This is usually accomplished 
by the succussful completion of English 
101, Writing Workshop, but also may be 
satisfied by certification from the English 

Foreign language. Each student must 
demonstrate competence equivalent to 
the completion of the intermediate level 
college course in a foreign language, 
modern or ancient. Students who do not 
have four high school units through the 
fourth-year level of one language will be 
required to complete die intermediate 
course and its prerequisites, unless ex- 
cused by the Department of Modern 
Foreign Languages or the Department 
of Classics. 

Alternate Degree Program 

Students with exceptional backgrounds 
and special interests may apply for the 
Alternate Degree Program, which allows 
greater concentration than the regular 
degree program. In an alternate degree 
program, up to one-half of the total pro- 
gram may be taken in a major subject; 
up to three-quarters of the total program 
may be taken in a single area, as defined 
under basic requirements, but at least 
one quarter of the total program must 
be taken in an area other than that which 
includes the major subject. Students in- 
terested in the alternate degree program 
should apply before the beginning of 
the junior year to the Committee on 
Special Degree Programs. 

Degree Programs 

Alternate Degree Programs 


Major Programs 

The College offers four types of major 
programs: the Departmental major 
offered by the individual academic 
department; die Interdisciplinary Major, 
requiring courses in several academic 
departments; the Gx)perative major, in 
which the student spends the fourth 
year at another institution but receh es 
a degree from Mary Washington: and die 
Special Major, in which die student struc- 
tures a major in consultation \\ nl i a 
faculty adviser. 

Students must declare dieir majors in die 
Office of die Assistant Dean for Advising 
upon compledon of 43 credit hours. 
Specific requirements for all major pro- 
grams are also available in this office. 

Departmental majors 

Art (Studio) 

Art (History) 



Classics (Latin) 


Dramatic Arts 






Interdisciplinary Majors 

American Studies 
Classical Civilization 
International Affairs 
Russian Studies 

Cooperative Majors 

Medical Technology 
Speech Padiology 







Political Science 






Bachelor of Liberal Studies 

Academic Internships 

Special Majors 

The student and the faculty adviser work 
out an individual program by utilizing 
courses from two or more departments 
which define a field of concentration. This 
major must be approved by the Commit- 
tee on Special Degree Programs during 
the final semester of the student s sopho- 
more year. Current Special Majors include 
general liberal arts and science programs 
in Medieval Studies, Linguistics, Classical 
Archaeology, Italian Studies, Asian Studies, 
Ibero-American Studies, Urban Affairs, 
and Written Communication. 

Bachelor of Liberal 

In addition to the Bachelor of Arts and 
Bachelor of Science degrees, the College 
offers the Bachelor of Liberal Studies de- 
gree for men and women 24 years of age 
and older who have a strong desire to 
consummate their learning in a bac- 
calaureate degree. Learning acquired 
through life and work may be converted 
to college credit, and credit previously 
earned in other institutions may also 
apply toward this degree. 

The candidate for the Bachelor of Liberal 
Studies degree works closely with a fac- 
ulty mentor, and an individual program is 
designed which incorporates the students 
past experience and present goals. These 
students proceed at their own pace to- 
ward completion of the program. 

Degree Specifics. The Bachelor of 
Liberal Studies degree requires 120 
semester credit hours, distributed in 
three categories: general education, elec- 
tives, and core area. No course may be 
scored in more than one category The 
student must demonstrate competence in 
English and earn at least 30 credits in 
graded classroom courses. At least 30 
credits must be taken under the auspices 
of Mary Washington College after admis- 
sion to the program. A quality-point aver- 
age of 2.00 on all Mary Washington Col- 
lege course work is also required. Some 
students are required to complete BLST 

0100, Orientation Seminar (one credit), 
an introduction to study skills. Others may 
wish to enroll in BLST 0101, Portfolio De- 
velopment (one credit), for assistance in 
developing portfolios that document 
learning gained through life and work 
for the possible conversion to academic 

General Education. Courses totaling 
at least six credits are required in each of 
the following areas: 

Humanities — art history, classics, drama, 
film and photography, literature, music, 
religion, philosophy 

Social Science — economics, geography, 
history, political science, psychology, 

Natural Science and Mathematics — 
astronomy, biology, chemistry, geology, 
mathematics, physics 
Communication Arts — computer lan- 
guage, creative writing, foreign language, 
performing arts, speech, studio art 

Elective*. A maximum of 56 credits may 
be taken in electives. 
Competence in English Composition. 
Each student must demonstrate compe- 
tence in English Composition. This may 
be accomplished by completing English 

101, Writing Workshop, or by certification 
from the English Department. 

Classroom Experience. At least 30 
credits must be earned by direct class- 
room experience at Mary Washington or 
at another institution. 

Residence Credit or Equivalent. 

Thirty semester hours must be completed 
after admission to the Bachelor of Liberal 
Studies Program at Mary Washington, or 
in a program supervised or approved by 
the College at another institution. 

Core Area. At least 40 credits must be 
taken in a core area, which consists of a 
coherent group of subjects organized in 
such a way as to create a specialty or con- 
centration. A regular liberal arts major of- 
fered by the College may be used, or an 
interdisciplinary selection may be made 
from the offerings of several departments. 
A quality-point average of 2.00 on courses 
counted in this area is required for the 

Academic Internships 

The College offers a program of academic 
internships in which qualified juniors and 
seniors work in off-campus positions. 
Cooperating academic departments supervise 
the interns and award up to 12 hours of aca- 
demic credit for the learning experience. 

Recent placements include research with the 
Federal Reserve Bank and the National Ar- 
chives, work as an auditor with Best Products, 
preparation of geologic maps for the National 
Geologic Survey, comprehensive exposure to 
banking at the National Bank of Fredericks- 
burg, and political research for the syndicated 
columnists Evans and Novak. 

Career-Oriented Programs 

Though the College encourages each 
student to develop a diverse academic 
program with broad potential, it also 
recognizes the student's need to plan 
for a specific career. To meet this need, a 
number of career-oriented concentrations 
have been developed to provide a general 
background for specialized fields within 
the College's liberal arts framework. 

Teacher Certification 

Both the Virginia State Department of 
Education and the National Association of 
State Directors of Teacher Education and 
Certification have approved the teaching 
education programs at Mary Washington 
College. Students who complete an ap- 
proved program qualify for certification 
in all the states with which Virginia has a 
reciprocity agreement. See also de- 
partmental offerings, Department of Edu- 


Assistant Professor Gouger, Program and 
Career Adviser 

This program is spoasored by the De- 
partment of Geography. The career pat- 
tern consists of courses dealing with 
various aspects of map construction and 
meets or exceeds federal requirements 
for cartographers. Completion of die 
program qualifies the student for cartog- 
raphic positions in industry as well as in 
local, state, and fecieral government. The 
department plans to expand die program 
to include photogrammetry remote 
sensing, and computer mapping. 

Health Sciences 

Associate Professor Friedman, Program 
and Career Adviser 

The College is expanding its preparatory 
programs in the Health Sciences to meet 
the demands of this fast-growing and in- 
creasingly specialized field. 

Students planning to enter medicine, den- 
tistry or veterinary medicine may select 
any major. During their freshman year at 
Mary Washington, diey must give careful 
attention to the admission requirements 
of professional schools. Faculty advisers 
will guide students in choosing courses 
which meet admission requirements of 
selected schools and prepare them for 
professional qualification examinations in 
dieir fields. Admission to professional in- 
stitutions is, of course, very competitive 
and depends on academic performance, 
personal interview, and scores on die 
qualifying examination. 

Students interested in medical technol- 
ogy earn a Bachelor of Science in Medical 
Technology degree by taking their first 
diree years at die College and the fourth 
year at a cooperating institution. Indi- 
vidual programs of study at die College 
are determined by the students and the 
program adviser with regard for the pre- 
requisites named by die cooperating 

The major program in speech padiology 
and audiology is offered in cooperation 
widi die University of Virginia. Students 
complete dieir first diree years at die 
College and spend dieir fourth year in re- 
sidence at die University of Virginia, earn- 
ing a Bachelor of Arts degree from Man 
Washington College. Full details on this 
program are available from the chair- 
man of the Department of Speech. 

Career-Oriented Programs 


Associate Professor Lutterbie, Program 
and Career Adviser 

The career pattern consists of courses 
which highlight die theory and history of 
communications as well as the practical 
skills needed for careers in diverse 


Assistant Professor Campbell, Program 
and Career Adviser 

This program provides guidelines for stu- 
dents interested in entering law school. 
There is no standard pre-law curriculum 
at the College. The Program Adviser as- 
sists students in selecting courses which 
meet their individual needs and provide 
the foundation for acquiring skills neces- 
sary to the legal profession. The career 
pattern includes courses in written and 
oral communication, and courses which 
help develop the reasoning process. 

Support Services 

student's total educa- 
tion consists of much 
more than attending 
classes. Students at 
Mary Washington Col- 
lege are encouraged to explore 
and create. Resources are available 
for them to research, discover and 
manipulate. The library becomes 
an integral part of the student's 
education and is the focal point for 
all scholarly research and study. 
A vast collection of audio-visual 
equipment is available for faculty 
and student use, and a recently 
acquired computer system has 
streamlined the registration 

The Audio-Visual Center, located 
in Chandler Hall, offers audio and 
video taping facilities, photog- 
raphy, slide production, loan and 
repair of A-V equipment, and 
graphic production. The center's 
staff oversees the operation of the 
George Washington Hall stage 

Faculty and qualified students may 
borrow tape recorders, record 
players, sound systems, micro- 
phones, cameras, movie projec- 
tors, slide projectors and video 
equipment from the A-V Center. 
Equipment and film rental catalogs 
are also available in the center. The 
staff offers technical assistance 
between the hours of 8 a.m. and 
5 p.m. Monday through Friday. 

A Hewlett Packard 3000 Series II 
Computer system was recently 
installed in the college's adminis- 
trative building to handle student 
financial and record keeping op- 
erations. Although the computer's 
primary function is administrative, 
it is also being used as an instruc- 
tional tool in courses taught by 
several academic departments. 
The ability to simultaneously sup- 
port both academic and adminis- 
trative applications is one of the 
strengths of the new system. 

The E. Lee Trinkle Library, named 
after the man who served as Gov- 
ernor of Virginia from 1922-1926, 
has one of the finest collections for 
undergraduates in the Common- 
wealth. The resources include 
more than 250,000 cataloged vol- 
umes, 1,160 current magazine and 
newspaper subscriptions, and ad- 
ditional collections in microfilm, 
including the New York Times 
from its beginning date of 1851 
to the present time and the Fred- 
ericksburg Free Lance Star from 
1926. As a United States Federal 
Government depository since 
1940, the library receives approx- 
imately 4,000 documents annually. 

Support Services 1 1 

The Daniel H. Woodward Rare 
Book Room houses a collection of 
nearly 1,500 unique, rare, or very 
valuable works. Among the hold- 
ings is an incunabulum, a 1496 
printing of Pliny's Naturalis His- 
toria. A special collection of first 
and scarce editions of James 
Joyce's writings and another of the 
works of Claude Bernard, the 19th 
century physiologist, are num- 
bered among the items in the 
Woodward Collection. More re- 
cently efforts have been made to 
build special collections of first 
editions of Willa Cather, Ellen 
Glasgow, and William B. Yeats. 

The building, one of the most 
beautiful on campus, was erected 
in 1941. An addition, constructed 
in 1963, provided extra stack and 
seating space. Although the beauty 
of the original structure has been 
preserved, the floors have been 
carpeted and new lighting instal- 
led. A variety' of seating is pro- 
vided, including individual study 
carrels. A typing room furnished 
with typewriters is provided for 
students at no charge. Copying 
service is available in the building 
at a nominal cost. The Library is 
open 92 hours each week during 
the regular session. During those 
hours a professional librarian is 
on reference duty 80 hours. 

V* «• 

.;v- , 



14 Courses 

At Mary Washington, 
more than 1,000 
courses are offered 
from which students 
choose approximately 
40. This section of the catalog 
briefly describes each course 
offered at Mary Washington. 

The names of faculty members 
teaching in the department 
are given at the beginning of 
each departmental listing. The 
chairman is the administrative 
head of the department. The 
career adviser is responsible for 
counseling majors about career 

Course titles and numbers are 
given in bold-face type, followed 
in parentheses by the number of 
semester credit hours. At the 
right-hand margin is a capital 
letter in parentheses indicating 
how the course may be scored 
toward degree requirements: (L) 
— Literature; (H) — Humanities; 
(S) — Social Science; (N/M) — 
Natural Science and Mathematics. 
If no designating letter in paren- 
theses appears, the course may 
usually count only toward 
electives or diversification. 

In some course listings informa- 
tion is given concerning the year 
or semester during which the 
course is taught. Since the course 
offering varies from semester to 
semester, the student should 
consult the schedule of courses, 
issued prior to the beginning 
of each semester, for specific 
semester offerings. The schedule 
of courses also gives the number 
of class meetings per week, the 
time and place of classes, and the 
name of the instructor. Before 
enrolling in a course the student 
should check the listed 

Course offerings are divided into 
lower level ( 100 and 200) and 
upper level (300 and 400). 
Courses numbered 100 through 
199 are usually regarded as 
elementary or introductory. 
Courses numbered 200 through 

299 usually assume prior study or 
some competence in the subject, 
either in secondary school or 

in college. Courses numbered 

300 through 499 are advanced 
courses and usually assume either 
previous course work or special 
competence in the field. Courses 
numbered 500 are internships. 

Continuous courses, where two 
semesters are listed in sequence, 
are of three types: 
if the two semesters are linked 
with a hyphen, the course is a 
year course for which no credit 
toward graduation is given for the 
first semester until the second se- 
mester is successfully completed; 
if the two semesters are not 
hyphenated but the course 
description says "only in se- 
quence," the material covered in 
the second semester depends 
upon the first semester. The two 
semesters must be taken in 
sequence, but credit for the first 
semester is not contingent upon 
completion of the second 

if the two semesters are neither 
hyphenated nor designated only 
in sequence, one or both semes- 
ters may be taken in any order. 

Individual study courses offer 
learning opportunities in areas or 
subjects not covered by regular 

American Studies 

(Interdisciplinary Major) 

Professor Thomas, Program 
and Career Adviser 

The American Studies program is designed 
to provide students with a flexible, in- 
terdisciplinary approach to die study of 
American society. Work taken in other fields, 
history, social science, literature, and the fine 
arts, provides the background for the four 
core American Studies seminars. Designed to 
be taken in the junior and senior years, the 
seminars help students unite departmental 
courses into a manageable, integrated 
understanding of American culture. 

While the seminars range broadly over the 
course of American history, their emphasis is 
upon the late 19th and 20th centuries, with 
the aim of disclosing major characteristics of 
our advanced technological society, clarifying 
its values and assumptions, and relating the 
present to the past and future. The seminar 
method of instruction, which is central to 
the program, offers each student ample 
opportunity to participate fully in the learning 
process. The stress upon individual involve- 
ment and the program's interdisciplinary 
approach should appeal to students inter- 
ested in a liberal undergraduate education. 

The American Studies major provides a 
background for students interested in 
teaching, journalism and communications, 
law, library science, museum work, and other 
kinds of public service. 

American Studies 15 

301 — Issues in Contemporary 
American Culture (3) 

An examination of selected current issues in 
American culture. Specific issues will vary from 
year to year. 

302 - The Fine Arts in America (3) 

Examples of modern music, dance, and drama 
are studied to illustrate the role of fine arts in 
American culture. 

401 — Mass Media and American 

A study of the uses and influences of mass media 
in shaping social values. Emphasis on television 
and journalism, 

402 — Impact of Darwin and Freud on 
American Thought (3) 

An examination of the influences of social 
Darwinism and psychoanalytic theory of 20th 
century American thought. 

491, 492 - Individual Study (3, 3) 

Directed individual research on problems in 
American studies, as approved by the Program 

500 — Internship 

Supervised off-campus experience, developed in 
consultation with the Program Adviser. Credits 


See Sociology and Anthropology 

16 Art 


Associate Professor Meyer, Chairman; Professors 
King (Art History Career Adviser), Muick, Oliver; 
Associate Professors Hara, Lamph (Studio Career 
Adviser); Assistant Professor DiBella; Instructor 

To foster the study and practice of the fine 
arts, the Art Department offers traditional 
academic majors in studio art and the history 
of art. 

The purpose of the studio art major is to 
teach fundamental skills, increase aesthetic 
sensibilities, and further the students indi- 
vidual development in the following media: 
drawing, painting, photography, pottery, 
printmaking, and sculpture. The art history 
major explores in chronological sequence 
the entire span of Western art and its con- 
tribution to our cultural heritage. In addition 
to slide lectures and the availability of an ex- 
ceptional art library, students regularly take 
faculty-supervised tours to museums in 
Washington, D.C., Baltimore, and Richmond. 
An internship program provides opportun- 
ities for work experience prior to graduation. 

There are career opportunities for art majors 
in graduate studies, the fine arts, museum 
and slide curatorships, historic preservation, 
teaching, restoration, editing, gallery work, 
and medical and technical illustration. 


114, 115 — Introduction to the History of 

Art (3, 3) (H) 

Survey of Western architecture, sculpture, and 
painting; Art 1 14, prehistoric to 1400; Art 1 15, 1400 
to the present. May be taken only in sequence. 

220 - History of Graphics (3) (H) 

Prerequisites: Art 114,1 15. The history of 
European prints and printmaking from the 15th 
century to the present. 

310- Greek Art (3) (H) 

Prerequisite; Art 114. Development of Greek art 
from the early Iron Age through the Geometric, 
Archaic, Classical and Hellenistic periods. 

311 -Roman Art (3) (H) 

Prerequisite: Art 1 14. Roman art from the 
Italo-Etruscan period to the end of the Roman 

320 — Byzantine and Early Medieval Art 

(3) (H) 

Prerequisite: Art 114. Development of Christian art 
in the Eastern and Western Empires through the 
first Golden Age of Byzantine art and the reign of 
Charlemagne to the year 1000. 

321 — Medieval Art in France and 
England, 1000 to 1400 (3) (H) 

Prerequisite: Art 114. Sources and formulation 
of medieval art in northern Europe through the 
Gothic style in architecture, sculpture, and 
manuscript illumination. 

322 — Medieval Art in Byzantium and 
Italy, 1000 to 1400 (3) (H) 

Prerequisite: Art 114. The second Golden Age of 
Byzantine art and the painting and sculpture of the 
Italian Proto-Renaissance. 

330 — Horthern European Art, 1400 

to 1600 (3) (H) 

Prerequisites: Art 1 14, 1 15. Painting in the 
Lowlands, France and Germany from the late 
medieval period through the 16th century. 

331 — Italian Renaissance Painting 

(3) (H) 

Prerequisites: Art 114, 115. Painting of the Italian 
Renaissance; its origins in the social and 
intellectual climate of the period. 

332 — Italian Renaissance Architecture 
and Sculpture (3) (H) 

Prerequisites: Art 1 14, 1 15. Major developments in 
architecture and sculpture in Renaissance Italy 
including the historic and theoretical bases for 
these arts. 

340 - Northern Baroque Art (3) (H) 

Prerequisites: Art 114, 115. 17th century art in the 
north of Europe with emphasis on Rubens, 
Rembrandt, landscape painting, Versailles. 

341 - Italian Baroque Art (3) (H) 

Prerequisites: Art 114, 115. Painting, architecture, 
and sculpture of 17th century Italy; Caravaggio, 
Bernini, Borromini, the Baroque ceiling. 

342 - Eighteenth Century Art (3) (H) 

Prerequisites: Art 1 14, 1 15. Concentration on the 
French Rococo, its influence on Continental and 
British art and its evolution into Neoclassicism. 

343 - Georgian Art (3) (H) 

Prerequisites: Art 1 14, 1 15. British art and 
aesthetics; portraiture, landscape painting and 
gardening, Palladianism, Britain as a font of 

350 — Nineteenth Century Art (3) (H) 

Prerequisites: Art 114, 115. Emphasis on French 
painting and sculpture through Neoclassicism, 
Romanticism, Realism, Impressionism, and 
Post-I mpressionism. 

351 - Twentieth Century Art (3) (H) 

Prerequisites: Art 114, 115. Major movements in 
modern art. 

352 — Modern Architecture (3) (H) 

Prerequisites: Art 114, 115. Form, style, and 
technology as related to historical sources and 
selected individuals. 

410 - American Art (3) (H) 

Prerequisites: Art 1 14, 1 15. A review of American 
painting, sculpture, and architecture with 
emphasis on the 19th and 20th centuries. 

470 — Special Studies in Art History 

(3) (H) 

Prerequisites: Art 114, 115. Concentration in 
seminar format on an individual artist, specific 
problem, a limited time period, or an iconographic 
theme; for art history majors and other qualified 

491, 492 — Individual Study in Art 
History (3, 3) (H) 

Prerequisites: Art 1 14 and 1 15 and at least three 
chronological area courses in the major; for art 
history majors. Faculty approval of project; oral 
presentation and major paper. 

500 - Art History Internship (M) 

Supervised off-campus experience developed 
in consultation with the Department. Credits 


101 — Two-Dimensional Design (3) (H) 

Basic study of design elements (line, shape, 
texture, value, color) used in visual communi- 
cation, both figurative and non-figurative. 

1 02 — Three- Dimensional Design (3) ( H ) 

Experiments in the use of materials and ele- 
ments of design related to the development of 
three-dimensional structures. 

211, 212 - Life Drawing (3, 3) (H) 

Prerequisite: Art 101. Various approaches to 
drawing the human body and other organic 
figurative and non-figurative imagery. 

231, 232 — Beginning Sculpture* 

(3, 3) (H) 

Prerequisites: Art 101 and 102. Study and 
construction of volume and mass, using plastic 
and carving media. 

241, 242 — Drawing and Composition* 
(3,3) (H) 

Prerequisite: Art 101. Drawing from life. Abstract 
and figurative composition in various media. 

251, 252 — Pottery and Hand-Building 
(3,3) (H) 

Practice in the use of the pottery wheel; 
exploration of forms and textures attainable 
through wheel and hand-building processes. 

270S — Painting and Drawing for 
Beginners (3) (H) 

Basic methods and techniques of realistic and 
abstract art. Investigation of light and dark color, 
line, composition, and design. May not be used 
to satisfy studio art major area requirement in 

321 , 322 - Printmaking * (3, 3) (H) 

Prerequisite: one year of drawing. Study of 
methods, materials, concepts of intaglio, 
lithography, relief, and silkscreen printmaking. 
Only in sequence. 

330 — Introduction to Photography 

(3) (H) 

Comprehensive orientation in darkroom 
techniques, uses of the camera, and other 
equipment. Emphasis on photography as a 
fine art. 

341, 342 — Advanced Sculpture* 

(3,3) (H) 

Prerequisite: Art 231 or 232. Carving and 
constructive projects using a variety of media 
including stone, wood, and plaster. 

Art History 17 
Studio Art 

351, 352 - Painting' (3, 3) 

Prerequisite: one year of drawing. Study of 
pictorial organization in various media 

381 , 382 - Advanced Pottery (3,3) (H) 

Prerequisite Art 251 or 252 Further exploration of 
wheel-thrown forms, hand-building processes and 
sculpture. Experiments with glazes and firing 

470 — Special Studies in Studio Art 

(3) (H) 

Special courses in an area of studio art selected 
by the Department after consultation with the 
students. Advanced students only. 

495, 496, 497, 498 - Individual Study 
in Studio Art (3 each) 

Independent work under the supervision of a 
member of the studio art faculty. By permission 

*Prerequisites can be waived at the discretion of 
the instructor. 


See Physics and Astronomy. 

18 Biology 


Associate Professor Fuller, Chairman; Professors 
R. M. Johnson (Career Adviser), T L. Johnson, 
Parrish, W. C. Pinschmidt, Jr.; Associate Profes- 
sors Bass, Friedman, M. W. Pinschmidt; Assistant 
Professor Southworth; Adjunct Pofessor Cornman. 

Biology majors must complete a minimum 
of 36 hours of biology including 121, 122, 441 
or 342, 442, and 450. Students may develop 
a broad background or concentrate their 
studies in one of the following areas: botany 
environmental biology, genetics, human biol- 
ogy, physiology, or zoology. Department 
members can aid in designing other areas 
of concentration. Biology 481 and 491 offer 
opportunities to pursue studies beyond the 
scope of listed courses, in a different subject 
area, or for honors. 

Laboratory work enables the student to learn 
techniques and obtain data which help sup- 
port theories explored in lecture. Equipment 
and facilities available include a scanning 
spectrophotometer, an ultracentrifuge, respi- 
rometers, research-grade microscopes, tissue 
culture facilities, a radioisotope laboratory, 
equipment for ecological studies in aquatic 
and terrestrial habitats, physiographs, a 
phytotron, and an aquatic studies laboratory. 

A student can design a major program to pre- 
pare him for graduate school or various pro- 
fessional programs. Career opportunities in 
industry or government agencies include 
laboratory and field work in ecology, physiol- 
ogy, pharmacology and systematics. Teacher 
certification and preparation for Health Sci- 
ences can also be pursued under programs 
listed elsewhere in this catalog. 

121 - Biological Concepts I (4) (N/M) 
An introduction to biological principles as they 
apply to plants and animals. Laboratory. 

122 - Biological Concepts II (4) (N/M) 
Survey of the plant and animal kingdoms with 
emphasis on morphology and taxonomy; survey 
of the human organ systems. Laboratory. 

202 - Heredity and Evolution (3) (N/M) 

Prerequisite: Biology 121. Principles of heredity, 
their application to evolutionary theory, and their 
social implications. For non-majors onlyexcept by 
permission of Chairman. Laboratory. 

221 — Anatomy of the Chordates 

(4) (N/M) 

Prerequisite: Biology 121; recommended: Biology 
122. A comparative study of the major systems 
of representative chordates. Laboratory. 

222 — Embryology of the Chordates 

(4) (N/M) 

Prerequisite: Biology 121; recommended: 
Biology 122. The development of representative 
chordates. Laboratory. 

231 - Botany (4) (N/M) 

Prerequisite: Biology 121, 122. Survey of the plant 
kingdom with emphasis on morphogenetic 
description, life histories, and evolutionary 
relationships. Laboratory. 

250 - Bioethics (2) 

Prerequisite: Biology 121. Selected topics 
considered from the standpoint of their biological 
consequences and ethical implications for man. 

251 S — History of Biology (3) 

Prerequisites: Biology 121, 122. Chronological 
development of selected biological theories and 
their impact on contemporary biology. 

252 - General Ecology (3) (N/M) 

Prerequisite: Biology 121. A study of the 
relationships of plants and animals to their 
environment and the maintenance of balance in 
nature. For non-majors except by permission 
of chairman. 

271 - Microbiology (4) (N/M) 

Prerequisites: Biology 121, Chemistry 111, 112. 
Emphasis is placed on bacteria, their morphology, 
physiology, nutrition, and ecology. Laboratory. 

311 — Plant Ecology (4) (N/M) 
Prerequisites: Biology 121, 122. Ecological 
principles as applied to plants including major 
biomes, plant succession, competition, 
environmental parameters, and methods of 

data collection and evaluation. Laboratory. 

31 2 - Plant Physiology (4) (N/M) 
Prerequisites: Biology 121, 122. Experimental and 
theoretical treatment of the functional mechanisms 
in plants. Laboratory. 

321 - Invertebrate Zoology (4) (N/M) 
Prerequisite: Biology 121, 122. Survey of 
invertebrate phyla emphasizing structural 
characteristics, life histories and evolutionary 
relationships. Laboratory. 

322 - Animal Ecology (4) (N/M) 
Prerequisites: Biology 121, 122. The relationship 
between animals and their environment. Field and 
laboratory studies include observations of marine, 
fresh water, and terrestrial animals. Laboratory. 

323S - Entomology (4) (N/M) 

Prerequisite: Biology 121 or equivalent. 
Introduction to structure, function and ecology of 
insects. Students prepare insect collections. 

331 - Histology (4) (N/M) 

Prerequisite: Biology 121, 122. The preparation 
and study of animal tissues. Laboratory. 

342 - Human Genetics (4) (N/M) 

Prerequisite: Biology 121. Application to the 
human of the principles of heredity. Laboratory. 

351 — Laboratory Techniques (4) (N/M) 

Prerequisites: Biology 121, 122. Introduces 
students to instrumentation used in physiological 
experiments. The scientific method and 
experimental design are discussed. 

352S - Marine Biology (6) (N/M) 

Prerequisite: Biology 121, 122 or equivalent. The 
study of marine ecology, phylogeny, and behavior. 
Collections will include seining, dredging, and 
trawling in the Chesapeake Bay. 

360 - Cellular Physiology (4) (N/M) 
Prerequisites: Biology 121, 122 and Chemistry 111, 
1 12. Principles of general and cellular physiology. 

361 - Comparative Physiology (4) (N/M) 
Prerequisites: Biology 1 21 , 1 22 and Chemistry 111, 
1 12. A comparative study of physiological systems 
in animals. Laboratory. 

Biology "i 

362 — Comparative Endocrinology 

(4) (N/M) 

Prerequisite: Biology 1 21 , 1 22 and Chemistry 111. 
1 12. A comparative study of the endocrine 
mechanisms in vertebrates and invertebrates. 

372 - Parasitology (4) (N/M) 

Prerequisite: Biology 121. The structure, life 
histories, and host relationships of invertebrate 
parasitic forms. Laboratory 

382, 383 — Human Anatomy and 
Physiology (4, 4) (N/M) 

Prerequisite: Biology 121. The structure and 
function of human organ systems. Laboratory 

441 - Genetics (5) (N/M) 

Prerequisites: Biology 121, 122. The structure, 
function and transmission of genetic material. 
Laboratory. Open only to majors except by 
permission of Chairman. 

442 - Evolution (3) (N/M) 
Prerequisites: Biology 121, 122. Recommended 
for senior level students. The history and 
development of modern evolutionary thought. 
Open only to majors, except by permission of 

450 - Seminar (1 ) (N/M) 

Prerequisites: Biology 121, 122. Readings, reports 
and group discussions on topics of historic and 
current biological interest. Open only to majors- 

481, 482 — Readings in the Biological 
Sciences (2, 2) (N/M) 

Readings in biological literature selected by the 
student. The student is guided by a staff member. 
Open to junior and senior majors by permission of 

491, 492 — Research in Biology (3, 3) or 
(4, 4 for honors) (N/M) 

Prerequisite: Biology 481. Individual laboratory or 
field investigation supervised by a staff member 
Open to junior and senior majors with permission 
of Department 

500 — Internship 

Prerequisite, junior or senior major in good aca- 
demic standing with appropriate background. 
Supervised off-campus experience, developed in 
consultation with the department Credits variable 

20 Chemistry 


Professor Mahoney, Chairman (Career Adviser); 
Professors Cover, Wishner; Associate Professors 
Crissman, George ; Assistant Professor Gratz. 

The Department of Chemistry offers a mod- 
ern curriculum designed for the student 
planning to enter graduate or medical school, 
employment in industrial chemistry, secon- 
dary school teaching, or for the student desir- 
ing to study chemistry within the general 
framework of a liberal arts and science educa- 
tion. In addition, the Department has several 
courses which offer considerable oppor- 
tunities for students in related fields such 
as the Health Sciences. By complementing 
their programs with course offerings in 
related fields, students may formulate a 
career-focused grouping, e.g., chemistry- 
mathematics/economics for chemical 
engineering and industrial chemistry; 
chemistry-biology for health sciences; 
chemistry-geology/physics for positions in- 
volving energy or environmental research. 

In addition to the major program, the De- 
partment offers opportunities for students 
interested in medicine. See Health Sci- 
ences. The Department has well-equipped 
laboratories to support and reinforce class- 
room instruction. Facilities include ultra- 
violet, visible, infrared, nuclear magnetic 
resonance, atomic absorption and mass spec- 
trometers, and gas chromatographs. Com- 
plete emission spectrographs and x-ray 
laboratories and computer facilities are also 

111,112 - General Chemistry (4, 4) (N/M) 

Introduction to the fundamental principles of 
chemistry and the more important elements and 
their compounds. Laboratory. Only in sequence. 

205 — Essentials of Organic Chemistry 

(4) (N/M) 

Prerequisite: Chemistry 1 12. A general survey of 
carbon compounds including the study of their 
structure and reactivity. Laboratory. 

211, 212 - Organic Chemistry (4, 4) (N/M) 
Prerequisite: Chemistry 111, 112. Chemistry of 
carbon compounds based on structural theory. 

252 - Analytical Chemistry (4) (N/M) 

Prerequisites: Chemistry 111, 112 and Math 111 or 
equivalent. Theory and techniques of analytical 
chemistry including introductory instrumental 
methods of analysis. Laboratory. 

317, 318 - Biochemistry (3, 3) (N/M) 

Prerequisite: Chemistry 212. The application 
of chemical principles to the study and 
understanding of the living state. 

319, 320 — Biochemistry Laboratory 
(1,1) (N/M) 

Prerequisites: Chemistry 212, 252. Selected 
research techniques involving the chemical 
composition and properties of cells, tissues and 

333 — Advanced Analytical Chemistry 

(4) (N/M) 

Prerequisite: Chemistry 252. Advanced wet 
chemical and electrochemical methods of 
analysis with applications in related science fields. 

343 — Inorganic Chemistry (3) (N/M) 

Prerequisite: Chemistry 111, 112. Modern theories 
of atomic structure and chemical bonding and 
their applications to molecular and metallic 
structures and coordination chemistry 

383, 384 - Physical Chemistry (6) (N/M) 
Prerequisites: Chemistry 111, 112 and Physics 201, 
202, Math 221. Thermodynamic, kinetic, quantum 
mechanical and spectroscopic properties of 
chemical systems. 

385 — Physical Chemistry Laboratory 

(3) (N/M) 
Prerequisite: Chemistry 252. Selected 
experiements involving measurements and 
evaluation of physicochemical properties of 
chemical systems. 

392 — Instrumental Methods of Analysis 

(4) (N/M) 
Prerequisite: Chemistry 252, 385. Principles and 
methods of optimization of instrumental methods 
used in characterizing chemical systems. 

411 — Advanced Organic Chemistry 

(3) (N/M) 

Prerequisite: Chemistry 212. Organic reaction 
mechanisms and the relation of molecular 
structure to physical and chemical properties. 

423 — Experimental Methods in 
Chemistry (5) (N/M) 

Prerequisites: Chemistry 212, 252. Spectroscopic, 
chromatographic and wet chemical function 
group techniques used in characterizing chemical 
systems. Laboratory. 

451 , 452 - Seminar (1,1) (N/M) 

Student reports on selected topics in chemistry for 
oral presentation and discussion. 

471 — Advanced Topics in Chemistry 
(2-3) (N/M) 

Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. 
Advanced treatment of selected topics in 

491, 492 — Special Problems in 
Chemistry (1-8) (N/M) 

Individual investigation under the direction of a 
member of the Department. Open to qualified 
students by permission of the Department. 

500 — Internship 

Supervised off-campus experience, developed 
in consultation with the Department. Credits 


Professor Sumner, Chairman (Career Adviser), 
Assistant Professor Hatch; Instructors Tuohey, 

Classics involves the study of the language 
and literatuere of ancient Greece and Rome, 
as well as the civilization which evolved dur- 
ing the period of Greek and Roman domina- 
tion of tiie Mediterranean World. Since many 
of the ideas and principles which emerged at 
that time are basic to the heritage of western 
civilization, courses in Classics are usually 
applicable to the study of almost all the 
liberal arts. 

Students wishing to concentrate in Classics 
are offered the choice of a departmental 
major in Latin or the interdepartmental major 
in Classical Civilization. In either area, stu- 
dents develop the program — which may 
include individual study — in consultation 
with a faculty adviser. 

While many department majors include 
teacher certification on their schedule, other 
students combine their major in Latin or Clas- 
sical Civilization with studies in related fields, 
such as philosophy, English, or modern 
foreign languages. With such a background, 
graduates have a wide range of opportun- 
ities after college, including museum work, 
archaeology, graduate study, teaching, or 


131-132 — Elementary Greek (6) 

Introduction to the language of ancient Greece. 
Grammar and composition are stressed, leading 
to translation of literature. 

133, 134 — Intermediate Greek (3, 3) 

Prerequisite: Greek 131-132 or equivalent. Review 
of grammar. Reading of Plato, Apology plus 
selections from other authors. 


111-112 - Elementary Latin (6) 

Essentials of Latin grammar and composition; 
introduction to the translation of Latin literature. 

113, 114 - Intermediate Latin (3, 3) 

Prerequisite: Latin 1 1 1-1 12 or two units of 
secondary school instruction. Continued study of 
Latin grammar and composition; readings from 
Cicero, first semester; introduction to Latin poetry, 
second semester. 

211, 212 — Survey of Latin Literature 
(3,3) (L) 

Prerequisite: Latin 1 13, 1 14 or four units of 
secondary school Latin. Historical survey of the 
development of Latin literature from earliest 
inscriptions to the end of pagan Roman writing. 

31 - Medieval Latin (3) (L) 

311 — Roman Drama (3) (L) 

312 — Roman Historical Writing (3) (L) 

313 — Roman Satire (3) (L) 

314 - Epic Poetry (3) (L) 
351 — Advanced Latin Grammar (1) (L) 
Required for all maprs. 

411 — The Life and Times of Julius 
Caesar (3) (L) 

In-depth study of Roman life and letters from 
100-40 B.C. with readings from many 
contemporary sources. 

451-452 — Special Studies in Latin 
Literature (3, 3) (L) 

Reading and study of individual Latin authors, 
genres of literature or of an area of Roman 
civilization. By permission of the Department. 

491 , 492 - Individual Study (3, 3) (L) 

Individual study under the direction of a member 
of the staff. By permission of the Department. 

Classics 21 




201 — Classical Motifs in Literature 

Study of the hero's purney and related themes in 
Homer, Vergil, Tennyson, and Tolkien. 

202 — A Touch of Madness, the Greek 
Tragic Experience (3) 

A study of the tragic plays of Aeschylus. 
Sophocles and Eunpedes. 

301 - Mythology (3) 

The principal Greek and Roman myths, with 
emphasis on their influence in literature and art. 

332 — Greek and Roman Civilization 

(3) (H) 

Major facets of Greek and Roman culture and their 
influence on later western civilization. 

385 - Greek Archaeology (3) 

Study of archaeological excavations in Greece 
with emphasis on the problems peculiar to the 

386 — Roman Archaeology (3) (H) 

Study of the excavation of Roman sites both m 
Italy and other areas of the Mediterranean, 

401, 402 — Special Studies in Classical 
Archaeology (2, 2) 

Prerequisites: Classics 385, 386 and some 
knowledge of Latin and/or Greek. First semester: 
modern archaeological techniques; preservation 
of finds; introduction to epigraphy. Second 
semester: numismatics, small artifacts, and minor 

491 — Individual Study in Classical 
Civilization (1-4) (H) 

Individual study under the direction of a member 
of the staff. By permission of the Department 

Computer Science 

(See Mathematics. Statistics and Computer 

22 Dramatic Arts and Dance 

Dramatic Arts and Dance 

Professor Kenvin, Chairman; Assistant Professors 
Haydar, Gray, Howard, Larson (Dramatic Arts 
Career Adviser); Instructor Graham (Dance 
Career Adviser). 

The Department offers majors in both drama- 
tic arts and dance. Both majors provide pro- 
grams on which students can build further 
professional or graduate work. Techniques, 
theories, history, and literature are included 
in both majors. A third major, called Dramatic 
Arts (Dance-Theatre) is also offered for those 
wishing to divide their work between dance 
and drama. 

Important in the program is the variety of 
courses available to students. Also important 
are the many opportunities students have to 
perform either in theater or dance and to 
work on productions, thus learning different 
phases of the theatrical art. The student-run 
Tri-Muse Society encourages students inter- 
ested in both dramatic arts and dance, and 
there is a chapter of Alpha Psi Omega, a 
dramatics honorary society. 

In addition to student-directed productions 
in Studio 13, the Department presents four 
major productions each year, three directed 
by faculty and one by a student. Among recent 
productions in the 300-seat Klein Memorial 
Theater have been Ah, Wilderness!, Carousel, 
Peer Gynt, and Kennedys Children. The de- 
partment's summer program, in conjunction 
with The Fredericksburg Summer Theater, 
has presented such productions as Kiss Me, 
Kate, and A Funny Thing Happened on the 
Way to the Forum. 

The Mary Washington College Dance Com- 
pany, a vital part of campus cultural life, pre- 
sents performances of modern dance and 
ballet in the 1700-seat George Washington 

Lectures and performances by visiting 
scholars and artists enrich the program. 
In recent years, the campus has hosted such 
artists as Agnes de Mille, Paul Taylor, Nikos 
Psacharopoulos, Ellen Stewart, Richard 
Schechner, and Maria Swoboda. 


211, 212 - World Drama (3, 3) 

Selected plays and theatrical developments. 
Introduction to the theater. 



221, 222 - Acting (3, 3) 

Voice and body training, pantomime, 
improvisation, creating character, ensemble 

231 , 232 - Stagecraft (4, 4) (H) 

Theories and techniques of designing, building 
and painting stage settings; organization and 
operation of production crews. Laboratory. 

251 S, 252S — Fredericksburg Summer 
Theater (3, 3) (H) 

Apprenticeship, including acting and technical 
work, in the Fredericksburg Summer Theater. 

331, 332 - Playwriting (3, 3) (H) 

Writing for the stage. Exercises and practice in the 
structure of action, character development, 
dialogue, critical analysis. 

341 - Stage Costuming (3) (H) 

History and basic principles of costume design, 
use of historic period, silhouettes, stylization, color, 
and construction to create and enhance the 
theatrical illusion. 

361, 362 — History of the Theater 

{3, 3) (H) 

Theaters, production methods, dramatic 
conventions, key figures from the Greeks to the 

371 - Oriental Theater (3) (H) 

Indian, Japanese, Chinese theaters and their 

381 - History of Film to 1 945 (3) (H) 

Viewing and analysis of film before 1945. 

382 — History of Film from 1945 to the 
Present (3) (H) 

Viewing and analysis of film from 1945 to the 

391, 392, 393, 394 — Theater Practicum 
(1-2 each) (H) 

Credit for performance or production work on 
MWC major productions. Prerequisites: for 
technical work, Dramatic Arts 231, 232; for acting, 
Dramatic Arts 221, 222. Prerequisites may be 
taken concurrently or equivalent experience may 
be substituted. By permission of the Department. 

421 , 422 — Acting Styles and Scene 
Study (3, 3) (H) 

Prerequisites: Dramatic Arts 221, 222. Problems in 
acting. Creating and sustaining a character. 
Period styles. 

431 , 432 - Directing (3, 3) (H) 

Technique and practice of directing for the stage. 
Student-directed productions presented in 
Studio 13. 

433 - Stage Lighting (3) (H) 

Prerequisites: Dramatic Arts 231, 232. Theories 
and techniques of lighting stage productions; 
lighting instruments and equipment. 

434 - Scene Design (3) (H) 

Prerequisites: Dramatic Arts 231, 232. History, 
theory and design of stage scenery; use of 
architecture, art, ornament with the elements 
of design. 

441 — Dramatic Theory and Criticism 

(3) (H) 

Analysis of dramatic criticism from Aristotle to 
the present. 

443 - Children's Theater (3) (H) 

Staging and production of plays for children. 

444 - Creative Dramatics (3) (H) 

Improvisational and experimental projects in 
acting for children's theater. 

451, 452 — Special Studies in Dramatic 
Arts (3, 3) (H) 

Concentration on a single area of dramatic arts. 
Topics vary from year to year. 

461 — Seminar in Dramatic Arts (3) (H) 

Readings, presentations, and projects in 
contemporary theater. 

491, 492, 493, 494 - Individual Study 
(1-3 each) (H) 

Individual study under direction of a member 
of the Department. By permission of the 

500 - Internship (1-12) (H) 

Supervised work experience, developed in 
consultation with the Department. 


121, 122; 221, 222; 321, 322; 421, 422 - 

Ballet (1 each semester) 

Ballet as a discipline, emphasizing exactness 
and precision of line, creative expression, and 
historical reference. 

123, 124; 223, 224; 323, 324; 423, 424 - 
Modern Dance (1 each semester) 

Body movement, its relationship to space, time, 
and force, through improvisation and exploration. 

21 1 — Theories of Movement (3) (H) 

Comparison of selected theories of movement 
such as Laban, Dalcroze, Delsarte, Graham, 
Humphrey-Weidman, and Wigman. 

231 — Compositional Forms (3) (H) 

Structure of dance movement, phrases, rhythm, 
and traditional dance forms. 

232 - Dance Styles (3) 

Dance related to historical periods in art, drama, 
and music, utilizing reading, research, films, 
improvisation, and composition. 

235 — Movement for the Theater (3) (H) 

Creative projects in theatrical movement: mime, 
gesture, space, rhythm, and expression 

350 — Dance History Survey (3) (H) 

Dance from the earliest times — Primitive, Greek, 
Roman, Egyptian, European, Oriental, and 
Spanish, to the 15th century 

351 - History of Ballet (3) (H) 

In-depth study of ballet in France, Italy, Russia, 
and England from the 15th century to the 20th 

Dramatic Arta 23 

352 — American Dance Heritage (3) (H) 

Readings and research in American dance, 
including the Indian, Negro, Modern Dance. 
Contemporary Dance 

400 — Mary Washington Dance 
Company (1 each semester) 

Performance in the Dance Company Admission 
by audition. (May also be taken without credit after 
auditioning) By permission of the Department. 

425 - Classical Ballet Variations (3) 

Prerequisite: Dance 321, 322, 421, 422 or 
permission of instructor. Theory and practice of 
solo variations in traditional classical ballets. 

431, 432 — Choreography (3, 3) 

Prerequisites: Dance 231. 232 or permission of 
instructor. In-depth study of selected techniques 
from compositional forms and dance styles. 
Opportunity for the student to develop creative 

450 — Seminar in Dance (3) (H) 

Readings and research in contemporary dance 
in education, dance therapy, aesthetics, and 

491, 492, 493, 494 - Individual Study 
(1-3 each) (H) 

Research, choreography, or composition of an 
approved creative project. By permission of the 

500 — Internship 

Supervised off-campus experience, developed in 
consultation with the Department. Credits 

24 Economics and Political Science 

Economics and Political 

Associate Professor Albertine, Chairman (Career 
Adviser, Economics); Professors L. P Fickett, 
Knckus; Associate Professors Fmgerhut, Kramer 
(Career Adviser, Political Science); Assistant 
Professor Rycroft; Instructors Clatanoff, Cushman; 
Lecturer Tucker. 

The Department offers degree programs in 
both economics and political science. 

A wide variety of economics courses, both 
theoretical and practical, detail how resources 
are allocated to provide the goods and ser- 
vices a society wants. Course offerings in- 
clude specific applications of the discipline 
in such fields as money and banking, gov- 
ernment finance, and comparative 
economics. One Department program 
gives students background in managerial 
economics, including accounting, labor 
economics, and a study of the interaction of 
business and society. The overall program 
provides students with the opportunity to 
enter business, law, governmental service, 
or graduate school. 

Political science, basically the study of how 
various political systems work, offers courses 
ranging from urban politics and government 
to international politics. The Department also 
provides many outlets through which stu- 
dents can gain practical knowledge of the 
field, including visits to the Virginia state capi- 
tal and to Washington, D.C., internships in 
governmental offices, and involvement in 
major political events, such as the United Na- 
tions' student conference. Like economics, 
political science is a good background for a 
career in law, urban planning, teaching, gov- 
ernment and private enterprise; it also lends 
itself to further study in graduate school. 


101 — Elements of Economics (3) (S) 

One-semester survey of the basic elements of 
economic theory. 

201, 202 — Principles of Economics 
(3,3) (S) 

Fundamental principles relating to the production, 
exchange, distribution, and consumption of goods 
and services. Prerequisite for all upper-level 

21 1 , 21 2 - Anti-Trust Policy (3,3) (S) 

Application of microeconomic analysis to the 
problems of business organizations. 

221, 222 — Introductory Accounting 
(3,3) (S) 

Fundamental accounting principles and practices 
involved in the recording and interpretation of 
accounting data. Only in sequence. 

301, 302 — The Economics of National 
Issues (3, 3) 

In-depth analysis of contemporary economic 
problems in American society. 

31 — Corporate Finance (3) (S) 

Financial policies of corporations. 

31 5 — Investment Analysis (3) (S) 

Introduction to portfolio theory, and the use of 
both technical (mathematical) and fundamental 
(economic) analysis in evaluating investment 

321 , 322 - Money and Banking (3,3) (S) 

Theory of money and credit, banking organization 
and practices, foreign exchange and international 
movement of capital. 

331, 332 — Intermediate Accounting 
(3,3) (S) 

More advanced principles of accounting. Only 
in sequence. 

341, 342 — Government Finance (3, 3) (S) 

Expenditures and revenues of federal, state and 
local governments. 

351 , 352 — Labor Economics (3, 3) (S) 

Manpower, the labor force and the organized 
labor movement. 

361, 362 — Quantitative Economics 
(3,3) (S) 

Introduction to some of the mathematical and 
statistical concepts necessary in advanced 
economics and econometrics. 

371 — Microeconomics (3) (S) 

Analysis of the firm and the household and their 
interactions, involving costs, utility, price, wage, 
and profit theory. 

372 — Macroeconomics (3) (S) 

National income accounts and aggregate 
economic analysis. 

381 — Urban Economics (3) (S) 

Survey of the major economic problems facing 

391 — Comparative Economic Systems 

(3) (S) 

The nature of capitalism, socialism, communism 
and fascism. 

392 — Economic Development (3) (S) 

Examination of the problems of accelerating 
economic development in poor countries and 
maintaining development in rich countries. 

401, 402 — International Economics 
(3,3) (S) 

World economic resources, international trade, 
and economic problems in international 

441 , 442 — History of Economic Thought 
(3,3) (S) 

Survey of the theories of classical and 
neo-classical economists. 

471 — Economics Seminar (3) (S) 

Open to all economics majors of junior and senior 
status. Group projects on approved problems in 

491, 492 — Individual Study in 
Economics (3, 3) (S) 

Directed individual research on an approved 
problem in economics. 

500 — Internship 

Supervised off-campus experience, developed in 
consultation with the Department. Credits 


101 — Introduction to Political Science I 

(3) (S) 

Survey of the basic concepts and theories of 
political science from antiquity to the present, 
including contemporary analytical techniques. 

102 — Introduction to Political 
Science II (3) (S) 

Continuation of Political Science 101, with primary 
emphasis on modern comparative political 
analysis and international relations. 
201, 202 — American Government 
(3,3) (S) 

Principles of political science as applied to 
American national government, state government 
and local government. 

21 1 — Congress and the Political 
Process (3) (S) 
Analysis of the contemporary role of Congress 

in its relation to the Presidency, the federal 
bureaucracy, and pressure groups. 

212 — The American Presidency (S) 

Analysis of the modern Presidency and its 
relationship to democratic theory. 

301 — Comparative Government I (3) (S) 

Comparative analysis of the governments of the 
United Kingdom, France, and West Germany. 

302 — Comparative Government II (3) (S) 

Comparative analysis of the governments of the 
Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. 

304 — Contemporary American Politics 

(3) (S) 

In-depth analysis of selected problems in 
contemporary American politics. 

31 1 , 31 2 - Public Administration (3) (S) 

The administrative control and a study of 
employment relations and personnel 

321 — Theory of International Politics 

(3) (S) 

Analysis of contemporary theory of international 
politics, including evaluation of the United Nations 
and other international organizations. 

322 — Problems in International Politics 

(3) (S) 

Analysis in depth of major contemporary 
problems in international politics. 

332 — Metropolitan Problems (3) (S) 

Analytical study of the problems of American cities 
and other areas. 

334 - Political Parties (3) (S) 

Structure and functions of political parties; 
conduct of elections; pressure groups. 

341, 342 — Government Finance (3, 3) (S) 

Expenditures and revenues of federal, state and 
local governments. 

350 — Political Modernization (3) (S) 

Conceptual approach to the problem of political 

354 — Politics of South and Southeast 
Asia (3) (S) 

Study of the Political development of India, 
Pakistan, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, and 

355 — Politics of North Africa and the 
Middle East (3) (S) 

Study of the political development of the nations 
of North Africa and the Middle East. 

356 — American Foreign Policy (3) (S) 

Problems facing the United States in its search for 
national security and international stability. 

357 — Soviet Foreign Policy (3) (S) 

Analysis of the foreign policy of the Soviet Union, 
including its conflict with China. 

360 — The Theory and Practice of 
Revolution (3) (Si 

Comparative analysis of the writings of major 
theorists of revolution from various parts of the 

Political Science 25 

361 — Problems of Communism (3) (S) 

Study of the origins, development, and 
contemporary aspects of world communism 

362 - Political Geography (3) 

Study of geographic factors in world power and 
international affairs. 

422 — American Civil Liberties (3) 

Intensive analysis of civil liberties in the United 
States, based primarily upon decisions of the 
Supreme Court. 

441 — History of Political Thought I 

(3) (S) 

Examination of the contributions of the great 
political theorists from Plato to Burke. 

442 - History of Political Thought II 

(3) (S) 

Examination of the contributions of modern 
political philosophies. 

443 — Modern Political Analysis (3) 

Study of the theories and application of modern 
political analysis. 

471 — Political Science Seminar (3) (S) 

Emphasis on Intensive reading with group 
discussion of the selections read. 

401 — Individual Study in Political 
Science (3) (S) 

Directed individual research on approved 
problems in political science. 

500 — Internship 

Supervised off-campus experience, developed 
in consultation with the Department. Credits 

26 Education 


Professor Slayton, Chairman (Career Adviser); 
Professor Merchent; Associate Professors 
Holmes. Warlick, Zisman; Assistant Professors 
Vawter, B. V. Smith; Instructor J. Johnson. 

The role of the Department of Education is 
to help students develop the competencies 
necessary for successful teaching in elemen- 
tary or secondary schools. Consequently, the 
Department functions as a service depart- 
ment offering, as electives. courses designed 
to prepare liberal arts students to meet re- 
quirements for certification as a teacher. 

The teaching education programs at the 
College are approved by the Virginia State 
Department of Education and the National 
.Association of State Directors of Teacher Edu- 
cation and Certification. The Man' Washing- 
ton College student completing an approved 
program is eligible for certification in any of 
the more than 30 states signatory to the 
Teacher Certification Reciprocation Agree- 

Course sequences offered by the Depart- 
ment enable students to prepare to teach in 
nursery, kindergarten, and primary school 
(grades N, K, 1, 2, 3); in intermediate school 
(grades 4-7); in art (grades K-12), music 
(grades K-12); and in each of the following 
secondary school endorsement areas (grades 
7-12): biology, chemistry, dramatics, earth sci- 
ence, economics, English, French, general 
science, geography German, history, social 
sciences, mathematics, Latin, physics, political 
science, sociology, and Spanish. 

In addition to full preparation for teaching, a 
Mary Washington College student may com- 
plete a foundation program which, with addi- 
tional study at the graduate level, can provide 
entry into such professional specializations as 
special education, educational psychology, 
school administration, instructional supervi- 
sion, and guidance and counseling. 

202 — Teaching the Very Young Child (3) 

A practical orientation to the behavior and needs 
of children, infancy through age four, for child and 
parent education. 

205 - Children's Literature (3) 

Historical survey of children's literature; 
contemporary and classic readings; practice 
in the art of storytelling. 

249 — Physical Education for 
Elementary School Children (2) 

Movement skills for children; includes movement 
exploration, creative rhythms, folk dance, games, 
and self-teaching for physical fitness. 

301 - The Primary School Child (K-3) (3) 

Physical, psycho-social and linguistic 
development of the kindergarten-primary 
school age child. 

302 — Teaching in the Primary School 
(K-3) (3) 

Principles, practices and materials of 
kindergarten-primary school programs. 
Diagnostic approaches to program 

312 — Teaching in the Elementary 
School (4-7) (3) 

Principles, practices and materials of intermediate 
school. Emphasizes teaching subject disciplines, 
classroom management and evaluating pupil 

314 — Teaching Mathematics and 
Science in the Elementary School (K-3) 
(4-7) (3) 

Principles, practices and materials of the 
elementary mathematics program with emphasis 
on conceptual learning. 

317 — Teaching Music in the Elementary 
Schools (3) 

The objectives and processes of teaching music 
with emphasis on music reading, conceptual 
learning, curriculum and evaluation. (For music 

318 — Teaching Music in the Secondary 
Schools (3) 

Music management in secondary education, 
history and philosophy of music education, 
curriculum and current trends. (For music majors.) 

320 - Diagnostic Reading (K-3) (4-7) (4) 

Principles and techniques for developmental and 
remedial reading; includes practical experience in 
a public school remedial reading program. 

322 — Developmental Reading 
(Secondary — all endorsements) (K-3) 
(4-7) (3) 

Theories and practices of developmental and 
remedial reading instruction for secondary 
teachers of the subject disciplines and elementary 

332 — The Teaching of Foreign 
Languages (3) 

Principles and techniques of teaching modern 
and classical languages in the secondary school. 

342 — Seminar in Art Education (3) 

Principles and techniques of teaching art in 
elementary and secondary schools. (K-3, 4-7, and 
art certification). 

352 — The Teaching of Mathematics (3) 

Principles and techniques of teaching 
mathematics in the secondary school. 

359 — Music for Elementary Classroom 
Teachers (3) 

The objectives and processes of teaching music 
in the elementary classroom. 

372 — The Teaching of the Social 
Sciences (3) 

Principles and techniques of teaching the social 
sciences in secondary school. 

382 — The Teaching of the Sciences (3) 

Principles and techniques of teaching the 
sciences in secondary school. 

392 — The Teaching of English and 
Dramatics (3) 

Principles and techniques of teaching English and 
Dramatics in secondary school. 

420 — Foundations of Secondary 
Education (3) 

The affective curriculum viewed from the 
social-psychological perspectives; practical 
techniques to improve human relations are 

440 — Supervised Teaching (9) 

Prerequisite: Appropriate 300-level course. 
Orientation to teaching under direction of 
supervisors in public elementary and secondary 

English and Linguistics 

Associate Professor Hansen, Chairman; 
Professors Brown, Croushore, Fleming, Glover, 
W, B. Kelly, N. H. Mitchell, S. H. Mitchell; Associate 
Professors Dervin, Hanna, Kemp (Career 
Adviser), Lutterbie, Singh, 

The Department encourages students to 
diversify their literary interests. Its flexible 
programs permit concentration upon specific- 
skills, genres, themes, periods, movements, 
and authors. Students may improve their writ- 
ing through courses in expository prose, 
newspaper and magazine journalism, and 
creative writing; they may develop their ap- 
preciation and understanding of literary 
genres through the critical study of poetry, 
short fiction, drama, and the novel. Special 
courses explore such topics as women in 
literature or film and fiction. Other courses 
examine specific literary periods from the 
Middle Ages to the present. Individual study 
and seminars offer close study of genres, 
periods, and individual authors. 

In offering courses in linguistics the Depart- 
ment aims to give the student, regardless of 
special interest, an understanding of die 
fundamental structure of language and, in 
conjunction with other disciplines, an oppor- 
tunity to explore the acquisition of language 
in cultures and societies. 

Some students combine courses in education 
and student teaching with their work in the 
Department. Others arrange second majors 
in such fields as art, drama, philosophy, 
history, and political science. Off-campus in- 
ternships in journalism and other fields, and 
instructors qualified to work with students 
interested in communications and other 
interdisciplinary programs offer career 
opportunities in journalism, advertising, 
and publishing. Some majors pursue grad- 
uate training in English, law, or medicine. 
Others accept appropriate positions in private 
industry or government. 


101 - Writing Workshop (3) 

Group and tutorial instruction in the fundamental 
techniques of expository and argumentative 
writing: organization, development, coherence, 
research methods, mechanics. 

201 — Advanced Composition (3) 

Development of flexible and effective expository 
prose through analysis of models and practice 
with styles and techniques. 

206, 207 — Introduction to Creative 
Writing (3, 3) 

Development of skill in creative writing. Individual 
assignments adapted to the interests and abilities 
of the student. 

208 — Principles of Magazine Writing 
and Editing (3) 

Practice in writing, editing, and laying out various 
types of magazine articles. 

209 — Principles of Newspaper Writing 
and Reporting (3) 

Practice in writing, reporting, editing, and laying 
out various types of news and feature stories. 

21 1 — Survey of English Literature (3) (L) 

Literary movements and types from Beowulf 
through the 18th century 

212 — Survey of English Literature (3) (L) 

Literary movements and types from the Romantic 
movement to the present. 

221 — Survey of American Literature 

(3) (L) 

American backgrounds and literary movements 
and types from the colonial writers through 

222 — Survey of American Literature 

O) (L) 

American backgrounds and literary movements 
and types from Dickinson to the present. 

231 — Short Fiction (3) (L) 

Study of selected short stories and short novels. 

232 - The Novel (3) (L) 

Study of the form, content, and development of 
selected novels. 

233 - Poetry (3) (L) 

Close analysis of poetic form and content. 

234 — Shakespeare (3) (L) 

Shakespeare's achievement in selected plays 
and poems. 

English and Linguistics 27 

235 - Tragedy (3) (L) 

Tragedy as form and idea reflected in selected 
literary and dramatic works of world literature. 

236 — Comedy (L) 

Comic conventions in selected works of world 

241 - Fantasy in Literature (3) 

Themes, techniques, and structures in selections 
from the literature of fantasy. 

242 - Myth in Literature (3) 

Study of myth — cultural, natural, Christian, and 
classical — in selected literary works. 

243 - Women in Literature (3) (L) 

Study of literature by women and about women. 

244 — Narrative Form in Fiction and 
Film (3) (L) 

Study of parallel narratives in novels and fiction 
films, to see how the medium of telling affects the 
story told. 

251 — Issues in Literature (3) (L) 

Significant literary figures, movements, and topics. 
Consult schedule of courses for specific topic. 

305 - The English Language (3) (L) 

Structural and transformational grammars and 
their application to the language. 

309 - Chaucer and His Age (3) (L) 

Primarily Chaucer's Canterbury Tales, with some 
attention given to other lyric, heroic, or romance 
narratives of medieval England. 

315 — English Drama Through the 
Restoration (3) (L) 

Origins and development of English drama 
through the Restoration. Includes miracle and 
morality plays, and Elizabethan, Jacobean and 
Restoration drama. 

316 — Renaissance and Baroque 
Literature (3) (L) 

English nondramatic literature of the 16th and 17th 
centuries. Emphasizes Sidney. Spenser, Donne. 
Johnson, and Milton 

319 — Shakespeare: The Early Plays 

(3) (L) 

Shakespeare's early development, focusing 
mainly on the comedies and history plays 

320 — Shakespeare: The Later Plays 

(3) (L) 

Shakespeare's later development, focusing on the 
tragedies, problem plays, and final romances. 

28 English 

325 — The Age of Neoclassicism (3) (L) 

English literature during the Restoration and the 
early 18th century, with emphasis on the revival of 
classical aesthetics and forms. 

326 — The Age of Sense and Sensibility 

(3) (L) 

English literature during the second half of the 18th 
century, with emphasis on the transition from 
Neoclassicism to Romanticism. 

333 - The British Novel to 1945 (3) (L) 

Growth of the English novel from its origins to the 
Second World War. 

334 - The American Novel to 1945 (3) (L) 

Growth of the American novel from its origins to 
the Second World War. 

335 — English Romanticism: 
Wordsworth to Keats (3) (L) 

English literature of the early 19th century, 
concentrating on five great Romantic poets: 
Wordsworth, Coleridge, Byron, Shelley and Keats. 

336 - Victorian Literature (3) (L) 

English literature from 1830 to 1900, emphasizing 
the poetry of Tennyson and Browning and the 
novels of Dickens. 

355 — American Romanticism (3) (L) 

Literary romanticism in 19th century American 
prose and poetry. Includes Hawthorne, Melville, 
Thoreau, Whitman, and Dickinson.' 

356 — American Realism (3) (L) 

Literary realism in American prose and poetry of 
the 19th and early 20th centuries. Include James, 
Dreiser, Twain, and others. 

365 — Modern Literature, 1890-1930 

(3) (L) 

Origins and development of major concerns and 
themes in the early modern period. Includes 
chiefly British and American writers. 

366 - Modern Literature, 1920-1945 

(3) (L) 

Explorations of modern themes and techniques in 
the works of major modern writers, chiefly British 
and American. 

367 - Modern Drama (3) (L) 

Modern drama beginning in the late 19th century. 
Includes Ibsen, Shaw, O'Neill, Beckett, and Pinter. 

369 — Contemporary European Fiction 

(3) (L) 

Major European writers of the 20th century 
and their reflection of literary political, social, 
philosophical, and psychological developments. 

370 — Contemporary Literature (3) (L) 

Contemporary literature, primarily British and 
American, in all genres. 

375, 376 — Special Studies (3, 3) (L) 

Studies in significant literary figures, movements, 
and topics. Consult schedule of courses for 
specific topic. 

397 — Literary Criticism (3) (L) 

Literary criticism from Plato to the present with 
emphasis on both historical developments and 
examples of critical practice. 

406 - Workshop in Writing (3) 

Practice in creative expression. Admission by 
consent of the instructor. 

41 1 — Studies in Drama (3) (L) 

Major problems, themes, movements, or figures in 
drama. Consult schedule of courses for specific 


413 — Studies in Poetry (3) (L) 

Major problems, themes, movements, or figures in 
poetry. Consult schedule of courses for specific 

41 5 - Studies in the Novel (3) (L) 

Major problems, themes, movements, or figures in 
the novel. Consult schedule of courses for specific 

445 — Studies in English Literature to 
1600(3) (L) 

Significant figures, movements, themes, or 
problems in English literature to 1600. Consult 
schedule of courses for specific topic. 

447 — Studies in English Literature, 
1600-1800 (3) (L) 

Significant figures, movements, themes, or 
problems in English literature, 1600-1800. Consult 
schedule of courses for specific topic. 

449 — Studies in English Literature, 

1800- Present (3) (L) 

Signficiant figures, movements, themes, or 
problems in English literature, 1800 to the present. 
Consult schedule of courses for specific topic. 

455 — Studies in American Literature to 
1900(3) (L) 

Significant figures, movements, themes, or 
problems in American literature through the 19th 
century. Consult schedule of courses for specific 

457 — Studies in American Literature, 
1900-Present(3) (L) 

Significant figures, movements, themes, or 
problems in American literature of the 20th 
century. Consult schedule of courses for specific 


465 — Senior Seminar (3) (L) 

Literature as a discipline. Topics include literary 
history textual criticism, contemporary prose 
styles, and use of linguistics and computer 

491, 492, 493, 494 - Individual Study 
(3 each) (L) 

Individual study under the direction of a member 
of the staff. 

495 — Individual Study in Creative 
Writing (3) 

Prerequisites: English 206, 207. Individual study 
under the direction of a member of the staff. 

English 500 — Internship 

Supervised off-campus experience, developed 

in consultation with the Department. Credits 



101 — Trends in Modern Linguistics (3)(S) 

The nature, structure and function of language, its 

acquisition, its relationship to thought, and its use 

in a social context. 

201 — Anthropological Linguistics (3) (S) 

The significance of language for human social 
life, how it reflects thinking processes, and the 
manipulative devices of advertising and politics. 

204 — Sociolinguistics (3) (S) 

Language as an instrument for the acquisition and 
maintenance of personality, role, and status. 
Verbal behavior and nonverbal communication. 

491, 492, 493, 494 — Independent Study 
in Linguistics (3) (S) 

In-depth individual research in an area of 
linguistics under the guidance of a member 
of the staff. By permission. 


See Modern Foreign Languages. 


Professor Emory, Chairman; Professor Bowen; 
Associate Professor Gouger (Career Adviser); 
Assistant Professor Palmieri; Instructor Smerigan. 

Geography supports a liberal education 
program by describing, analyzing, and 
explaining the diverse forces which work 
to produce the varied world in which 
man lives. The major provides training that 
leads to graduate study or careers in geog- 
raphy, cartography, teaching, planning, and 
urban affairs. 

Of special interest is a career-focus grouping 
of courses in cartography which meets or 
exceeds the requirements of the state and 
federal civil service and provides training 
acceptable to most private mapping firms. 
Other departmental programs are designed 
to provide the basis for graduate studies. 
Teacher certification in geography is offered 
in cooperation with the Department of 

212 — World Cultural Geography (3) (S) 

Concepts, themes, and methods of cultural 
geography. Analysis of cultural patterns on 
regional, continental, and global scales. 

220 — Geography of Anglo-America 

(3) (S) 

Regional geography of the United States and 
Canada, stressing differences in land, landscape, 
life, and livelihood 

241 — Introductory Economic 
Geography (3) (S) 

Distribution, description, and analysis of trad- 
itional economic systems; their spatial and 
environmental frameworks, and their roles in the 
modern world. 

275 — Human Environment: Perception 
and Utilization (3) (S) 

Human ecology, environmental quality, pollution, 
resource utilization, conservation, and man's role 
in changing the face of the earth. 

31 2 — Geomorphology (3) (S) 

Origin and development of landforms and their 
relation to underlying structure, process and time. 

313 — Weather and Climate (3) (S) 

Analysis of weather processes; distribution of 
climatic regions; impact of climate upon man and 

325 — Geography of Europe (3) (S) 

Climate, surface features, natural resources, 
population, agriculture, industry, and trade of the 
European continent. 

326 — Geography of the Soviet Union 

(3) (S) 

Landforms, climate, boundaries, trade, resources, 
people, and cultural groupings of the Soviet 

331 — Geography of East Asia (3) (S) 

Environment, landscape, and livelihood of Central 
Asia, the Far East, and Southeast Asia. 

332 - Geography of West Asia (3) (S) 

Environment, landscape, and livelihood of the 
Middle East and the Indian sub-continent. 

333 — Geography of Africa (3) (S) 

Landforms, climate, peoples, boundaries, trade, 
resources, and cultural groupings of the African 

334 — Geography of South America 

(3) (S) 

Survey of population, natural resources, 
geographic regions and potentialities of South 

335 — Geography of Middle America 
and the Caribbean (3) (S) 

Survey of population, natural resources, 
geographic regions, and potentialities 
of Middle America and the Caribbean. 

341 — Advanced Economic Geography 

(3) (S) 

Theoretical approaches to location of economic 
activity; spatial models of economic systems; 
regional economic organization. 

345 — Introductory Urban Geography 

(3) (S) 

Origin and diffusion of pre-industrial cities; their 
environmental settings, urban ecology, functions, 
and morphology in both Old and New Worlds. 

346 — Introduction to Planning (3) (S) 

Study of the basic concepts, laws, and methods 
used in city and regional planning. 

361 — Geographical Influences on 
History (3) (S) 

Influences of man's physical environment on 
history, with emphasis on American history 

362 — Political Geography (3) (S) 

Study of geographic factors in world power and 
international affairs. 

Geography 29 

414 - Air Photo Interpretation (3) 

Basic principles of photogrammetry. geographic 
interpretation of aerial photographs and intro- 
duction to remote sensing of the environment 

415- Cartography (4) 

Introduction to basic cartographic methods; 
analyses of cartographic problems with exercises 
in techniques of graphic presentation. 

416 — Advanced Cartography (4) 

Prerequisite: Geography 415 or special 
permission. Advanced cartographic techniques, 
including cartograms. negative scribing, block 
diagrams and physiographic mapping. 

417 - Field Methods (3) 

Methods of obtaining information, mapping and 
preparation of reports and illustrative materials 
based on field research experience. 

418 - Field Geography (3) 

Intensive study of a problem in physical, 
economic or cultural geography, conducted 
in an area of geographic interest. 

422 — Historical Geography of North 
America (3) (S) 

Geography of selected regions of North America 
during designated periods of history. 

445 — Advanced Urban Geography 

(3) (S) 

Post-industrial cities: an intensive view of their 
urban structure, internal and external spatial 
relationships, and city-systems. 

470 — History of Geographic Thought 

(3) (S) 

Seminar on development of geographic 
knowledge, theory, philosophy, and methods 
as illustrated by the writings of representative 

475 — Readings in Geography (3) 

Directed readings on a selected topic in 
geography under the guidance of a faculty 

491 — Special Problems in Geography 
(3-6) (S) 

Individual study of some geographic problem, 
selected in consultation with the Department 

500 — Internship 

Supervised off-campus experience, developed 
in consultation with the Department. Credits 

30 Geology 


Professor Bird, Chairman (Career Adviser) 

Introductory and second-year geology 
courses are general, treating major concepts 
of the science; upper-level courses are in- 
depth studies of geologic processes. The De- 
partment emphasizes progression toward in- 
dependence in thought and in investigative 

A major or minor concentration in geology 
provides career opportunities with industrial 
or governmental aspects whose concerns in- 
clude water, mineral, or energy resources; 
surface or geologic mapping; and environ- 
mental studies. Geology majors can also 
prepare for careers in the teaching of earth 

121 — Atmosphere and Hydrosphere 

(3) (N/M) 

Physical dynamics of atmosphere and oceans 
and their interaction. Laboratory. 

122 — Continental Processes (3) (N/M) 
Origin of the earth's surface and processes 
involved in its evolution. Laboratory. 

221 — Ancient Biologic Systems (3) (N/M) 
Problems of population dynamics, ecology, and 
evolution as seen in the geologic column. 

222 — Sedimentation and Stratigraphy 

(3) (N/M) 

Suggested preparation: one or more 100-level 
geology courses. Properties and evolution of 
sediments and their history. Laboratory. 

240 - Mineralogy (3) (N/M) 
Suggested preparation: one 100-level geology 
course. Composition, structure, morphology and 
physical properties of minerals. Laboatory. 

241 — Petrology (3) (N/M) 
Suggested preparation: Geology 240. 
Classification, origin, and occurrence of igneous 
and metamorphic rocks. Laboratory. 

321 — Physical Oceanography (3) (N/M) 
Suggested preparation: Geology 121, physics, 
chemistry, calculus. Geophysics of fluid motion 
and geochemistry of marine waters. 

340 — Geochemistry (3) (N/M) 
Suggested preparation: Geology 240, 241, 
chemistry, calculus. Surface, subsurface chemical 
processes; thermodynamics of mineral 

341 — Geophysics (3) (N/M) 
Suggested preparation: Geology 240, 241, 
physics, calculus. Methods of determination of 
earth's structure, gravimetric, magnetic and 
seismic methods. 

350 - Hydrology (3) (N/M) 

Suggested preparation: Geology 321. Ground and 
surface water quality. Laboratory. 

360 — Structure and Field Methods 

(4) (N/M) 

Earth forces in actual movement. 

491, 492, 493 - Individual Study in 
Geology (3 each) (N/M) 

Individual investigation of a research problem. 
500 — Internship 

Supervised off-campus experience, developed in 
consultation with the Department. Credits 


See Modern Foreign Languages. 

Health, Physical 
Education, and Recreation 

Associate Professor Hegmann, Chairman; 
Associate Professors Clement, Droste, 
Greenberg, Woosley; Assistant Professors 
Gordon, Kintzing; Instructor Gallahan; Riding 
Mistress Riedl. 

Participation in physical activities, including 
physical education classes, recreational 
programs, and intercollegiate athletics, is 
coasidered an essential part of the educa- 
tional experience at Mary Washington. 

The center for all indoor health, physical 
education and recreation is Goolrick Hall. 
A modern 64,000 square foot building, it 
houses courts for basketball, volleyball, and 
badminton, two dance studios, a large swim- 
ming pool, one four-wall handball-racketball 
court, seven one-wall racketball courts, a 16- 
station weight machine, a table-tennis room, 
indoor golf and archery ranges, seven large 
classrooms, and an auxiliary gym for classes 
in individual exercise and gymnastics. 

The outdoor facilities include fields for hock- 
ey, soccer, lacrosse, flag football, and softball, 
an archery range, a golf driving range and 
putting areas, a running trail, a track, and 
fourteen tennis courts (including a new ten- 
court lighted complex). 

Physical education courses include history, 
rules, and basic techniques in a wide range of 
individual and team sports. Riding courses 
are available for credit, but require a special 
fee. Health 100 provides an exposure to mod- 
ern health problems. 


100 — Contemporary Health Problems 



(Courses may be repeated for additional credit) 

101, 301 - Field Hockey (1,1) 

103, 303 - Basketball (1,1) 

105, 305 - Volleyball (1,1) 

109, 309 - Lacrosse (1,1) 

111,311 -Gymnastics (1,1) 

113, 313 — Individual Exercise (1, 1) 

116, 316 — Swimming (1,1) 

119,319- Flag Football (1,1) 

123, 323 -Soccer (1,1) 

127, 327 - Folk and Social Dance (1,1) 

132, 332 - Racketball (1,1) 

133, 333 -Tennis (1,1) 
135, 335 -Golf (1,1) 
139, 339 - Archery (1,1) 
141,341 - Fencing (1,1) 
145, 345 - Badminton (1,1) 

147 — Beginning Horsemanship (1) 
Fundamentals of a good, balanced seat at the 
walk, trot, and canter; basic terminology of 
horsemanship and its equipment. 

Health, Physical Education, and Recreation 31 
Health Education 

150- First Aid (1) 

151,351 - Karate (1,1) 

161, 361 - Self-Defense (1,1) 

247 — Intermediate Horsemanship(l) 

Balanced seat with quiet control at all gaits, 
jumping fundamentals; the development of the 
horse and equine psychology. 

315 — Advanced Life Saving (1) 

347 — Advanced Horsemanship (1) 

Polished style in hunter seat equitation; de- 
velopment of individual horses to their potential, 
on the flat and over fences; preparation for inter- 
collegiate competition. Stable management, 
equine psychology, preventive medicine, and 
first aid. 

401 — Intercollegiate Field Hockey (1) 

403 — Intercollegiate Basketball (1) 

405 - Intercollegiate Volleyball (1) 

409 — Intercollegiate Lacrosse (1) 

415 - Water Safety Instruction (1) 

416 — Intercollegiate Swimming (1) 
423 — Intercollegiate Soccer (1) 
433 — Intercollegiate Tennis (1) 
435 — Intercollegiate Golf (1) 

32 History 


Associate Professor Crawley; Chairman; 
Professors Bourdon. Vance, Zimdars; Associate 
Professors Ryang, Tracy, Warner (Career 
Adviser); Assistant Professor Campbell . 

The diversified history curriculum has sev- 
eral distinctive features. There are, for exam- 
ple. 12 introductory 200-level courses which 
divide American and Euopean history into 
component periods, allowing students to 
concentrate on areas of particular interest. A 
special 300-level course focuses each semes- 
ter on a different topic of timely interest. The 
-iOO-level seminars likewise change periodi- 
cally to provide a wide selection of topics. 
The internship program adds further en- 
richment by allowing credit for certain 
history-related, career-oriented work 
outside the classroom. 

The history major prepares the student for 
a variety of careers. Because the discipline 
requires the ability to analyze and communi- 
cate ideas as well as to retain factual informa- 
tion, it is an ideal preparation for law school 
or for a career in government, politics, or 
teaching. When combined with appropriate 
courses in other disciplines, it also provides 
an excellent background for a career in li- 
brary or archival work; for journalism or 
media research; or for a business career in 
such areas as personnel or public relations. 

1 01 , 1 02 — Survey of American History 
(3,3) (S) 

First semester, colonial period through the 
Civil War; second semester, Reconstruction to 


111,112 — Survey of Western Civilization 
(3,3) (S) 

First semester, ancient times to Renaissance: 
second semester. Protestant Reformation 
through 20th century. 

221— Colonial America (3) (S) 

Discovery, exploration, settlement and 
expansion of the British colonies to 1763. 
emphasizing political, religious, economic 
and social developments. 

222 — The American Revolution and the 
Early National Period (3) (S) 

Independence, the Confederation, formation of 
the Constitution, rise of political parties and the 
Age of Jackson. 

223 — Civil War, Reconstruction and the 
Gilded Age (3) (S) 

Slavery and sectionalism, the War. the problems 
of Reconstruction and the emergence of 
industrial America. 

224 — Twentieth Century America 

(3) (S) 

Emergence of the United States as a world 
power since 1900. emphasizing economic, 
social, diplomatic and political developments. 

231 — History of Greece (3) (S) 

Geography, history and civilization of Greece 
from the earliest times through the death of 
Alexander the Great. 

232 — History of Rome (3) (S) 

Formation, development and demise of the 
Republic; Augustus and the Empire; and 
the impact of Christianity. 

233 — Medieval Europe (3) (S) 

Decline of the Roman Empire, the church, feudal 
institutions, medieval thought and the origins 
of modern national institutions. 

234 — The Renaissance and 
Reformation (3) (S) 

Growth of Italian city-states, the new philosophy 
of man, Christian humanism and the spread of 

235 — Early Modern Europe (3) (S) 

The Age of Absolutism, the Enlightenment, the 
impact of the French Revolution with attention to 
the role of Napoleon. 

236 — Modern Europe (3) (S) 

Europe from 1815 to the present, with em- 
phasis on intellectual, cultural and political 
developments, the World Wars, fascism 
and communism. 

241 , 242 — Asian Civilization (3, 3) 

First semester, from earliest times to approxi- 
mately 1800; second semester, to the present 
with emphasis on China and Japan. 

300 — Topics in History (3) (S) 

Focus on historical topics of timely interest. 
Consult class schedule for specific topic 
each semester. 

301 , 302 — Diplomatic History of the 
United States (3, 3) (S) 

First semester, foreign relations from colonial 
period to approximately 1860; second semester. 
1860 to the present. 

303, 304 — The Old and New South 

(3, 3) (S) 

First semester treats the plantation system, 
slavery, sectionalism, and the Civil War: second 
semester, development of the modern South. 

305 — The Frontier in American History 

(3) (S) 

Western movement across the continent from 
colonial beginnings to the present; impact of 
frontier experience on American attitudes and 

306 — The Black in American History 

(3) (S) 

Development of racism, the slavery experience, 
the segregation era, the civil rights movement 
and the rise of black militancy. 

307, 308 — Social and Intellectual 
History of the United States (3, 3) (S) 

Changing patterns of thought and social life in 
America, emphasizing the impact of Darwinism 
and industrialism. 

309 — The American Indian (3) (S) 

From pre-history to the present, with emphasis 
on differences among Indians and on interaction 
between Indians and whites. 

310— United States since 1945 (3) (S) 

Topics include the Truman era, Cold War, 
Eisenhower, McCarthyism, civil rights move- 
ment, Kennedy, Johnson, Vietnam, black 
militancy, feminism, Nixon, and Watergate 

321 , 322 — History of Latin America 
(3,3) (S) 

Colonial institutions, the independence 
movement, development of modern states, 
the Organization of American States and 
other international problems. 

323, 324 — Social and Intellectual 
History of Latin America (3, 3) (S) 

Intensive study of Latin American institutions 
and thought from preconquest Indian cultures 
through the Spanish conquest to the present. 

351,352 — History of England (3, 3) (S) 

Survey of English history from beginning to 
present with emphasis on economic and 
constitutional phases and growth of 
British empire. 

353, 354 — History of France (3, 3) (S) 

First semester, Gaul and the Franks to French 
Revolution and Napoleon; second semester, 
Restoration Era to deGaulle. 

355, 356 — History of Germany (3, 3) (S) 

From first appearance of Germanic peoples in 
the Roman Empire through the rise of Prussia to 
Hitler and the Third Reich 

357, 358 — History of Russia (3, 3) (S) 

First semester, Kiev. Moscovyand Imperial 
Russia to 1856; second semester, the last 
Romanovs, Revolution and Soviet Period 

359, 360 — History of Spain (3, 3) (S) 

From Moorish invasions to the present, with em- 
phasis on social and economic developments 
from the 16th century to the modern age. 

363 — History of China (3) (S) 

Social, political and intellectual development 
of China from the earliest times to the present; 
emphasis on the rise of modern nationalism, 
Maoist period 

364 — History of Japan (3) 

Social, political and intellectual development 
of Japan from the earliest times to the present; 
emphasis on the rise of Japan to world power. 


371, 372 — European Diplomatic 
History (3,3) 

First semester: Development of modern state 
system through Napoleon Second semester: 
from Congress of Vienna through the World Wars 
to detente 

373, 374 — European Social and 
Intellectual History (3, 3) 

Selected studies of representative thinkers from 
St. Augustine to the present, emphasizing their 
place in the development of Western thought. 

491 — Individual Study (3) 

Individual work under the direction of a mem- 
ber of the Department. By permission of the 


471,472 — Special Studies in American 
History (3, 3) (S) 

473, 474 — Special Studies in European 
History (3, 3) 

475, 476 — Special Studies in Latin 
American History (3, 3) 

477, 478 — Special Studies in Far 
Eastern History (3, 3) 

499 — Historical Research (3) 

Introduction to methods of historical research 
with emphasis upon a formal paper on a subject 
chosen by the student. 

500 — Internship 

Supervised off-campus experience, developed 
in consultation with the Department. Credits 

34 International Affairs 
Library Science 
Mathematics, Statistics, and Computer Science 

International Affairs 

(Interdisciplinary Major) 

Associate Professor Kramer, Program and 
Career Adviser. 

The interdisciplinary major in International 
Affairs is designed to provide the student with 
a broad knowledge of the contemporary in- 
ternational system as well as with specific 
expertise in a given geographic area and/or 
academic discipline. To this end, the major 
combines core courses that examine interna- 
tional affairs from a variety of disciplinary 
perspectives with related courses that permit 
students to pursue in depth their particular 
geographic and/or disciplinary interests. 

Career opportunities for the major in Inter- 
national Affairs range from such traditional 
areas as work with government or private 
agencies engaged in research on foreign pol- 
icy or intelligence issues to such new and 
rapidly expanding areas as employment with 
multinational corporations or international 
banking institutions. 


See Modern Foreign Language. 


See Classics. 

Library Science 

The ability to make effective use of library 
resources is essential to a liberal arts edu- 
cation. The offering in Library Science is 
designed to enhance student awareness 
of libraries in general and the College 
library in particular. 

101 — Library Resources and Their 

Introduction to college library resources with 
limited emphasis on techniques of research. 
Taught by members of the Reference staff. 

Mathematics, Statistics, 
and Computer Science 

Associate Professor Lindsey, Chairman (Career 
Adviser);Associate Professors D. Brown, Harris, 
Pierce, Zeleznock; Assistant Professors Conroy 
(Career Adviser), Fife, Lutz; Instructor Soliman. 

The Department offers a variety of courses in 
mathematics, statistics and computer science, 
as well as a major in mathematics. 

Mathematics courses vary from the theoreti- 
cal to applied. A carefully selected combina- 
tion of courses gives students solid back- 
ground in the discipline as both an intellec- 
tual and functional enterprise. A major in 
mathematics can be a foundation for careers 
in industry, government, teaching, or for the 
pursuit of a higher degree in graduate school. 
The Department provides the opportunity 
for a student to graduate with a major in three 
years, and encourages double majors, giving 
students entrance to an even wide variety of 
fields upon graduation. 

Statistics courses, which provide a rational 
basis for inferential reasoning, emphasize 
the ability to reason statistically. They lay the 
groundwork for understanding institutional 
decision-making processes, quality of infor- 
mation, and effective use of common statisti- 
cal tools. 

Many students take statistics courses to 
strengthen understanding of the quantitative 
aspects of other disciplines. These courses 
also help to broaden career opportunities. 
Students may pursue graduate work in this 
subject area. 

In computer science, the Department offers 
several courses and workshops in program- 
ming and theory of systems. FORTRAN, 
BASIC, COBOL and other higher level pro- 
gramming languages are utilized. 


101 — Introduction to Mathematics 

(3) (N/M) 

A liberal arts course in finite mathematics. 
111 — Precalculus (3) (3) 

Emphasis is on elementary functions. 
121— Calculus I (3) N/M) 

Calculus of algebraic functions with 

221 — Calculus II (3) (N/M) 

Advance topics of calculus of algebraic 
functions and calculus of transcendental 
functions with applications. 

231— Calculus III (3) (N/M) 

Solid analytics, multivariate calculus, vector 
analysis and infinite series. 

300 — Linear Algebra (3) 

Matrix algebra, determinants, vector spaces 
and linear transformations 

301, 302 — Algebraic Structures (3, 3) 

Prerequisite: Math 300 or permission of 
instructor. Mappings, groups, rings, fields, 
vector spaces and linear transformation. 
Only in sequence. 

312 — Differential Equations (3) (N/M) 
Prerequisite: Calculus II; recommended: 
Calculus III. Ordinary differential equations 
including LaPlace transformations. 

321 — Number Theory (3) (N/M) 

Properties of the integers: divisibility, 
congruences, quadratic reciprocity and 
number-theoretic functions. 

341 , 342 — Advanced Calculus 

(3, 3) (N/M) 

Prerequisite: Math 231. A rigorous, real analysis 
approach to the topics of calculus. Only in 

351 , 352 — Computer Structures and 
Techniques (3, 3) (N/M) 

Structure and flexibility of modern computer sys- 
tems; theoretical computation; and introduction 
to theory of programming. Only in sequence. 

361 — Topics in Applied Mathematics 

(3) (N/M) 

Prerequisites: Math 231, 300, 312 or permission 
of instructor. Selected topics in applied 
mathematics, such as partial differential equa- 
tions, Fourier series and optimization methods. 
Course content may vary as interest of class and 
instructor demands. 

412 — Complex Variables (3) (N/M) 

Prerequisite: Math 341. Analytic functions, 
Cauchy-Riemann conditions, integration, 
power series, calculus of residues, conformal 
mappings and applications. 

431 , 432 — Higher Geometry (3, 3) (N/M) 
Methods of higher geometry: geometries of 
projective group of transformation; applications 
of affine and metric geometries. 

441 — General Topology (3) (N/M) 

Prerequisite: Math 301. Point-set theory 
including connectedness, compactness, 
continuity and metric space 

451, 452 — Numerical Analysis 
(3,3) (N/M) 

Prerequisite: Math 312. Numerical methods 
applied to solutions of equations; interpolation; 
differentiation; integration; and solution of 
differential equations. Only in sequence. 

491, 492, 493, 494 — Selected Topics in 
Mathematics (3 each) (N/M) 

Prerequisite: departmental permission. 
Individual study under the direction of a 
member of the staff. May lead to graduation 
with Departmental Honors. 

500 — Internship 

Supervised off-campus experience, developed 
in consultation with the Department. Credits 


100 — Survey of Statistics (3) 

Survey of statistical reasoning and its applica- 
tion intended for non-scientists. Application of 
statistics are illustrated using case histories from 
diverse fields. 

200 — Introduction to Statistics 

(3) (N/M) 

First course in statistical methods. Both 
parametric and nonparametric techniques 
Examples from diverse fields. 

301, 302 — Introduction to Probability 
and Statistical Inference (3, 3) (N/M) 
Prerequisite; Math 231. Careful introduction 
to probability theory and theoretical statistics 
including both classical and Bayesian 
approaches to estimation and testing 

420 — Readings in Experimental 
Statistics (3) (N/M) 

Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. 
General linear models, experimental design 
and analysis, other topics as required. 


101 — Introduction to Computers (2) (3) 

Introduction to computers; structure and 
application of computer systems, programming 
in BASIC language and "hands on" experience. 

201 S — Workshop I in Computer 
Programming and Systems (3) (N/M) 
Introduction to programming and systems 
structure. Workshop environment using the 
Nova 1220 computer and BASIC language. 

202S-Workshop II in Computer 
Programming and Systems (3) 

Prerequisite: Workshop I or permission. 
Emphasis on other higher level languages, 
peripheral storage devices, tasking, swapping, 
chaining and overlays. 

251 — Scientific Programming (2) (N/M) 
Scientific programming in FORTRAN 

Mathematics 35 
Computer Science 
Medical Technology 

Medical Technology 

(Cooperative Major) 

Associate Professor Friedman, Program and 
Career Adviser 

Under the cooperative Program in Medical 
Technology, the student completes three 
years (92 credit hours) of undergraduate 
course work at Man,' Washington College, fol- 
lowed by 12 months of clinical training at Fair- 
fax Hospital, Roanoke Memorial Hospitals, or 
the University of Virginia Hospital. The de- 
gree earned is a Bachelor of Science in 
Medical Technology and is awarded by Mary 
Washington College. 

Admission to the final 12-month hospital 
training program is competitive. The student 
must meet the admission requirements of the 
hospital to which he applies and should make 
application during the third year at Mary 
Washington. Upon successful completion of 
clinical work, students are qualified to take 
the National Registry Examination given by 
the American Society of Clinical Pathologists. 

If students enrolled in the medical technol- 
ogy program change their interest, they may 
continue with the regular degree program at 
Mary Washington. 

36 Modern Foreign Languages 

Modern Foreign 

Professor Stephenson, Chairman (Career Adviser 
for Spanish); Professors Bozicevic, Hofmann, 
Hoge; Associate Professors Ascari, Blessing 
(Career Adviser for French), Herman, Manolis, 
Merrill (Career Adviser for German); Assistant 
Professors Peiia, Niebuhr, Quann. 

Through classes in French. Spanish, German, 
Italian and Russian, the Department offers 
students an opportunity to gain mastery of 
one of more foreign languages. 

Students learn to read, understand, speak, 
and write the language of their choice. Lan- 
guage laboratory facilities for tapes and re- 
cords are used extensively to supplement 
classroom instruction. Upper-level classes are 
conducted in the foreign language. Through 
classroom instruction, individual research, 
and work in department-sponsored language 
clubs, students come to know the culture of 
the people whose language they are using. 

The Department has major programs in 
French, Spanish, and German, and provides 
Spanish and French majors an opportunity 
to reside in small campus residence halls in 
which the language is spoken exclusively and 
which sponsor various intercultural programs 
each year. 

The Department cooperates with a variety of 
overseas study groups, advises students wish- 
ing to study abroad, and helps in planning 
their foreign study programs. 

Graduates in modern foreign languages enter 
teaching or any number of fields in which 
knowledge of a second language is essential, 
including translation, research, human ser- 
vices or international business and industry. 


101, 102 — Beginning French (6) 

Grammar, composition, conversation, reading, 
laboratory use. 

151, 152 — Intermediate French (6) 

Grammar review, reading, oral work, laboratory 

201, 202 — Studies in Language I (3, 3) 

Grammar, composition, conversation. 
300 — French Phonetics (3) 

Recommended for French majors and 
prospective teachers of French. Not offered in 
1978-79; offered in 1979-80. 

301, 302 — Studies in Language II (3, 3) 

Advanced grammar, composition, conversation. 
Required of majors; others by permission. 

321, 322 — Introduction to French 
Literature (3, 3) (L) 

A thematic approach to history of French literature. 

323 — French Studies: Special Topics 

(3) (L) 

Not offered in 1978-79; offered in 1979-80 as 
"French Women in Literature." 

331 — Literature of the Middle Ages and 
Renaissance (3) (L) 

French Literature from its beginning through the 
16th century, including Tristan et Iseult, Ronsard, 
Rabelais, Montaigne. Not offered in 1978-79; 
offered in 1979-80. 

351 — Drama of the Seventeenth 
Century (3) (L) 

Corneille, Moliere and Racine. Not offered in 
1978-79; offered in 1979-80. 

352 — Non-dramatic Literature of the 
Seventeenth Century (3) (L) 

Pascal, Mme de Sevigne, Mme de La Fayette, 
LaFontame, Fenelon. Offered in 1978-79; not 
offered in 1978-80. 

361 — Literature of the Eighteenth 
Century (3) (L) 

Fiction, drama, and philosophy. Not offered in 
1978-79; offered in 1979-80. 

371 — Novel of the Nineteenth Century 

(3) (L) 

Hugo, Stendhal, Balzac, Flaubert and Zola. 
Offered in 1978-79; not offered in 1979-80. 

372 - Nineteenth Century Theater (3) (L) 

Hugo, de Musset, Dumas, and Rostand. Offered 
in 1978-79; not offered in 1979-80. 

381 - The Novel of the Twentieth 
Century (3) (L) 

Proust. Gide, Mauriac and Malraux. Not offered 
in 1978-79; offered in 1979-80. 

382 - Twentieth Century Theater (3) (L) 

Claudel, Sartre, Anouilh and lonesco. Not offered 
in 1978-79; offered in 1979-80. 

481, 482 — Senior Seminar (L) 

Moliere offered in 1978-79; Balzac offered in 

491 , 492 - Individual Study (3, 3) (L) 

Intensive study of one or more authors selected 
by student in consultation with adviser. 

500 — Internship 

Supervised off-campus experience, developed in 
consultation with the Department. Credits 


101, 102 — Beginning German (6) 

Grammar, composition, conversation, reading, 

laboratory use. 

151, 152 — Intermediate German (3) 

Grammar review, reading, oral work, laboratory 


201, 202 — Studies in Language I (3, 3) 

301, 302 — Studies in Language II (3, 3) 

Advanced grammar, composition, conversation. 

31 5, 31 6 — German Culture and 
Institutions (3, 3) (S) 

History, art, music, customs, traditions of 
German-speaking peoples. 

321 , 322 — Survey of German Literature 

(3, 3) (L) 

Literary development of representative authors 
from Goethe to the present. 

371 — German Classicism (3) (L) 

The German Hochklassik as seen in Goethe and 
Schiller. Not offered in 1978-79; offered in 1979-80. 

372 — German Romanticism (3) (L) 

Includes Eichendortf, Kleist, Novalis and Tieck. 
Not offered in 1978-79; offered in 1979-80 

373, 374 — Nineteenth Century 
Literature (3, 3) (L) 

From Biedermeier through Junges Deutschland 
and Realism. 

381, 383 — Twentieth Century Literature 

(3, 3) (L) 

Includes Hofmannsthal Mann, Rilke, Musil, Kafka, 
Brecht, Du'rrenmatt, Boll. Grass. 

481 — Seminar in German Literature (L) 

An examination of the Faust tradition from the 1587 
Faustbuch to Thomas Mann's Doktor Faustus. 
Offered in 1978-79; not offered in 1979-80 

482 — Seminar in German Literature (L) 

The literature of the Weimar republic (1919-1933). 
Offered in 1978-79; not offered in 1979-80 

491, 492 — Individual Study (3, 3) (L) 

Intensive study of one of more authors selected by 
the student in consultation with adviser. 

500 — Internship 

Supervised ott-campus experience, developed in 
consultation with the Department. Credits 


101, 102 — Beginning Italian (6) 

Grammar, composition, conversation, reading, 
laboratory use. 

1 51 , 1 52 — Intermediate Italian (6) 

Grammar review, reading, oral work, laboratory 


21 1 , 21 2 — Italian Conversation (1,1) 

315, 316 — Society and Civilization (3, 3) 

Literary, social and cultural history of the Italian 
people. Offered in 1978-79; not offered in 1979-80 

371, 372 — Nineteenth Century 
Literature (3, 3) (L) 

Includes Manzoni, Foscolo, Leopardi, DAnnunzio. 
Not offered in 1978-79; offered in 1979-80 

381-383 — Modern Italian Literature 

(3, 3) (L) 

From Pirandello to Montale; prose and poetry of 
last seventy years. 

395 — Italian Literature in Translation 

(3) (U 

Taught in English. Dante's Divine Comedy and 
early Italian poets. 

396 — Italian Literature in Translation: 
Masterpieces of the Renaissance (3) (L) 

Taught in English. Petrarch, Boccaccio, 
Machiavelli, etc. 

491 , 492 — Individual Study (3, 3) (L) 

Intensive study of one or more authors selected by 
student in consultation with adviser. 

500 — Internship 

Supervised off-campus experience, developed in 
consultation with the Department. Credits 




101, 102 — Beginning Russian (6) 

Fundamentals of spoken and written Russian, 
1 51 , 1 52 — Intermediate Russian (6) 

Review, completion of fundamentals, and reading 

201 — Reading, Composition and 
Conversation (3) 

300 — Phonetics, Morphology and 
Syntax (3) 

Sounds and transcription, structure, simple and 
compound sentences Offered in 1979-80; 

31 5 — Russian Culture (3) 

Survey of art, dance, folklore, geopolitics, 
institutions, literature, music, religion, screen, 
theatre. Offered in English 1979-80; 1981-82 

323 — Reading in Scientific Russian 

(3) (L) 

Texts and terminology in various disciplines. 
Offered in 1978-79; 1980-81 

324 — Readings in Commercial Russian 

(3) (L) 

Composing and typing business letters; Russian 
trade techniques. Offered 1979-80. 1981-82. 

395 — Russian Literature, XIX Century 

(3) (L) 

Literary masters from Pushkin to Chekhov. Offered 
1978-79; 1980-81 

396 — Russian Literature, XX Century 

(3) (L) 

Transition from old to new — from Gorky to 
Solzhenitsyn Offered in English 1978-79; 1980-81 

397 — Dostoevsky and Tolstoy (3) (L) 

Reading and analysis of representative works 
Offered in English 1979-80; 1981-82 

491,492 — Individual Study (3, 3) L 

Research on adviser-approved topic in language 
or literature. Not to duplicate any regular course. 

500 — Internship 

Supervised off-campus experience, developed m 
consultation with the Department. Credits 

35 Spanish 


101, 102 — Beginning Spanish (6) 
Bra — =' composition, conversation, reading, 

151, 152 — Intermediate Spanish (6) 
Grammar review, reading, oral work, laboratory 

201 — Studies in Language I (3) 

21 1, 212 — Intermediate Spanish 
Conversation I (1, 1) 

301, 302 — Studies in Language II (3, 3) 

-z.arzez z~z — a' :a~::s::- rarssr.o' '.:: 
offered in 1978-79: offered in 1979-80. 

311,312 — Intermediate Spanish 
Conversation II (1, 1) 

315 — Spanish Civilization (3) (S) 

History, art, music, customs, traditions of Spain. 

316 — Spanish American Civilization 

(3) (S) 

History art, music, customs, traditions of South 

321, 322 — Survey of Spanish Literature 
(3, 3) (L) 

-'-"--. r: s:.:, re*a~c as r 5 a a - s* 
:e'a:_'e ~c~ 7 " e -ges :: esse-: :a . 

325 - Poetry of Spain (3) (L) 

z ~-i". '-z~ re """ ze'-..~. :c : _ e zz~:e~ cc&\ 
:a-;a '.a: r-'e-ei - -~~l~t a^e-aa - '9~9-£: 

331 — Literature of the Middle Ages and 
Renaissance (3) (L) 

Poetry, drama, and prose of Spain from the 11th 
century to 1550. Not offered in 1978-79; offered in 

351 - Drama of the Golden Age (3) (L) 

352 - Prose of the Golden Age (3) (L) 

-as:a-a-;.a z aa-esa^e -: .e ;-c™".e5 
rCe'.=-:es \c:c~e-ec -"r'E- - ^ a^a'aa 
in 1979-80. 

362 — Spanish Literature of the 
Eighteenth Century (3) (L) 

Feijoo, Luzan, VI anoe = aare a:e Iste, 
Samaniego, Iria^e Morafin = a~a- otelaCruz. 
2~ e - ez --9~£-"2 -;:;-e-e3 -'2 _ S-EC 

371 - Nineteenth Century Drama (3) (L) 

of oeas. 

372 - Nineteenth Century Novel (3) (L) 

375 — Spanish American Literature 
from the Colonial Period through the 
Period of Independence (3) (L) 
Offered in 1978-79; not offered in 1979-80. 

376 — Spanish American Literature; 
Modernism (3) (L) 

-a-a:'.. arz case a~ ~aae" s~a ' '5SS ~r'Z~z~ 
the period of World War I. Offered in 1978-79; not 

c~e'ea: - *5"s-E: 

381 - The Generation of '98 (3) (L) 

~z „aes _~a~,": 3"ca.. 3assa: -zz'~ 
Ea':a .a a _ : a - --;:- : '.'aca:: \c:c~e-ea 
" *9 _ 5-~9 a~5'ea: - " =•""=•-=; 

382 — Twentieth Century Drama (3) (L) 

Includes Garcia Lorca, Buero VaUejo, Sastre. Ruiz 
Iriarte, Mihura Offered in 1978-79; not offered in 

383 — Contemporary Spanish Prose 

(3) (L) 

Emphasis on post-Civil War authors and 

Z'zc^z: z~z 

385, 386 — Twentieth Century Spanish 
American Literature (3, 3) (L) 

\c.e zee'.'; ;-a~a ' 2CC :a esse - : '.a:a~a'aa 

395, 396 — Spanish Literature in 
Translation (3, 3) (L) 

~a-S~: " E" ;- 3c- 1, .a - a a^e'ea - 'S - £-~5 
:c":s"":c r =', -a. a a a" a ya-ara-a: - 

411, 412 — Advanced Conversation (1,1) 

451 — Intensive Study of Cervantes 

(3) (L) 

471 - Intensive Study of Galdos (3) (L) 

491 , 492 - Individual Study (3, 3) (L) 

~:e"s .a y.~z. : : : _ a a - "~ce a,:": - ; aa a::ea z. 
student in consultation with adviser. 

500 — Internship 

;_ae--seaa~-aa~a_se':a'e"~aa ;a.a::a; - 
consultation with the Department Credits 

.a - aa a 


Professor Baker, Chairman; Professor Lemoine; 
Associate Professor Hamer (Career Adviser); 
Assistant Professor Bailey; Instructors Chalifoux, 
M. Fickett, Kourouklis, Norwood, Reinburg, 

The Department offers a wide program in 
theory, literature and history of music, and in- 
tensive instruction in instruments and voice. 
As in all liberal arts programs, the emphasis is 
on broad coverage rather than specialization. 

Regular recitals and concerts by faculty mem- 
bers and visiting performers are sponsored; 
the college also presents artists in the formal 
Concert Series. Students appear in general 
recitals, senior recitals, and performing en- 
sembles such as the MWC Chorus, Woodwind 
Ensemble, Fredericksburg Singers, College 
Community Orchestra, and Fredericksburg 
Chamber Ensemble. 

The courses and major program of the De- 
partment provide background for graduate 
school, a career in the performing arts, 
teaching, and the music industry, as well as 
personal enrichment through better under- 
standing of the art of music. 

The Department of Music is accredited by the 
National Association of Schools of Music, has 
a chapter of Mu Phi Epsilon, international 
professional music fraternity, and spoasors 
student chapters of the American Guild of 
Organists and the Music Educators National 

165 — Survey of Baroque and Classic 
Music (3) (H) 

Broad survey of music covering the works of 
composers from Monteverdi to Beethoven. 

167 — Survey of Romantic and Modern 
Music (3) (H) 

Music from 1825 to the present. Principal 
composers and works from Romanticism and 
Impressionism through the Electronic Age. 

267 — Music and the Arts (3) (H) 

Music-oriented humanities course emphasizing 
stylistic character and cultural climate of music in 
relationship to other arts of Western civilization. 

269 — History of Musical Instruments 

(3) (H) 

Evolution of musical instruments in western 
culture, performance practices, literature and 
development of the orchestra. 

271 S — History of Opera (3) 

Major developments in opera from 1600 to the 
present, including works by Monteverdi, Purcell, 
Mozart, Verdi, Wagner, Debussy, and Berg 

360S — Symphonic Music (2) 

A theoretical and historical study of a musical 
genre from its roots through the present by score 
analysis. Summers only and in conjunction with 
the Chatham Orchestra Institute. Prerequisite: 3 
hours of music history, and 3 hours of music theory 
(or equivalent). 

363, 364 — History of Music (3, 3) (H) 

Development of music from ancient to modern 
times with special correlation of historical and 
cultural trends. Only in sequence. 

367 — Twentieth Century Music (3) (M) 

Prerequisite: Music 165 or 167, or permission of the 
instructor. Twentieth century practices in musical 
composition and their relationship to the historical 
developments in music. First Semester. 

368 — History of Jazz (3) (H) 

Development of jazz, ragtime, blues, dixieland, 
boogie-woogie and later styles which evolved 
from jazz. Second semester. 

Music 39 
History and Literature of Music 

370 — Introduction to Electronic Music 

(3) (H) 

Prerequisite: permission of the instructor 
Emphasis on historical development, current 
status, physical concepts, language and 
compositional techniques as they apply to 
synthesized music. First semester. 

371 S — History of American Music 

(3) (H) 

Exploration of music brought to America by 
early settlers, its European roots, history and 
development from colonial times onwards. 

466 — Choral Literature (2) (H) 

Sacred and secular literature from the 
Renaissance through the 20th century, 
consideration of textual and musical content. 
Open to non-music majors by permission of 
the instructor. Second semester. 

470S — The Orchestra and the School 

A seminar dealing with the problems of 
maintaining an orchestral ensemble within the 
school. Summers only and in conjunction with the 
Chatham Orchestra Institute. For certification to 
teach in the state of Virginia or another state, or 
for those having such certification in the past. 

471S — Choral Music for School (1) (H) 

Comprehensive survey of selected choral 
offerings for the school. Workshop participants 
sing and discuss choral techniques. 

472S — Choral Music for Church (1) (H) 

Comprehensive survey of selected choral 
offerings for the church. Workshop participants 
sing and discuss choral techniques. 

491, 492 — Individual Study (1-3) 

Individual study under the direction of a music 
department faculty member. Details may be 
obtained from the Chairman By permission of 
the Department. 

500 — Internship 

Supervised off-campus experience, developed in 
consultation with the Department. Credits 

40 Music 

Studio Lessons 
Theory of Music 
Music Education 


Individual lessons (based upon placement 
audition) are offered advanced players in 
orchestral instruments (including harp, organ, 
piano and voice). Lessons are one half-hour 
lesson per week for one credit, 
A maximum of twelve hours in individual instruc- 
tion is allowed toward the degree. However, all 
credits beyond this will be credited over and 
above the 122 hours required for graduation. 

203, 303 — French Horn 
205, 305 — Trombone 
207, 307 — Trumpet 
113,213, 313 -Harp 
317— Organ 
219, 319 — Percussion 
321 — Piano 
225, 325 - Double bass 
227, 327 - Viola 
229, 329 - Violin 
231, 331 - Violoncello 
333 — Voice 
237, 337 — Bassoon 
239, 339 - Clarinet 
241,341 - Flute 
243, 343 - Oboe 
245, 345 — Saxophone 


161, 162 — Principles of Harmony I 
(3,3) (H) 

Emphasis on fundamentals of music, chord 
structure, progression and function. Figured bass, 
melodies, creative work and keyboard harmony. 

163, 164 -Harmonic Skills I (1,1) (H) 

Development of aural and written skills in 
identifying intervals and chords; melodic and 
harmonic dictation, rhythm drill and sight-singing. 
Music 161 and 163 must be taken concurrently in 
the first semester; Music 162 and 164 must be 
taken concurrently in the second semester. 

261, 262 — Principles of Harmony II 
(3,3) (H) 

Prerequisite: Music 161, 162. Functional and 
nonfunctional uses of altered chords; emphasis 
on 20th century concepts of Hindemith and 

263, 264 - Harmonic Skills 11(1,1) (H) 

Continuation of Music 163, 164. Music 261 and 263 
must be taken concurrently in the first semester; 
Music 262 and 264 must be taken in the second 
semester. Only in sequence. 

361 - Strict Counterpoint (2) (H) 

Prerequisite or corequisite: Music 261. Principles 
of strict contrapuntal writing are discussed and 
employed in all five species. 

362 — Free Counterpoint (2) (H) 

Prerequisite: Music 361. Free contrapuntal writing 
techniques are stressed along with practice in 
invention and fugal writing. 

369 - Orchestration (3) (H) 

Prerequisite or corequisite: Music 261 . Techniques 
of instrumental scoring considered historically and 
creatively Offered fall semester even-numbered 

461, 462 — Structure and Composition 
(3,3) (H) 

Prerequisite or corequisite: Music 361. Structural 
and harmonic analysis of traditional and 
contemporary compositions, correlated with 
creative work in small forms. Only in sequence. 


359 — Music for the Elementary 

Classroom Teacher (3) 

Objectives and processes of teaching with 
emphasis on music reading, conceptual learning 
and teacher competencies. Each semester. Music 
359 is for non-music majors planning to teach in 
the elementary grades. 


101, 102 — Class Brass Instruments (1, 1) 

Beginning class study of playing techniques on 
brass instruments, investigating techniques and 
acoustical principles; reference to historical 
development and literature. 

111S -Class Guitar 1(1) 

Group lessons in classical guitar for beginners; 
emphasis on the development of basic 
techniques, historical development and literature. 

112S - Class Guitar II (1) 

Group lessons in classical guitar for intermediate 
students. A continuation of 111S. 

119 — Percussion (1) 

Beginning class study of playing techniques 
on instruments of definite and indefinite pitch, 
with emphasis on snare drum performance 
techniques. Offered fall sen iester odd-numbered 

121, 122 - Class Piano I (1, 1) 

Group instruction for beginners; emphasis on 
development of basic keyboard facility, clef 
reading, hand position, fingering, pedalling, and 
technique. Admission to 122 based upon results 
of a placement audition or successful completion 
of 121. 

123, 124 — Class String Instruments 

Beginning class study of playing techniques on 
string instruments, investigating techniques and 
acoustical principles; reference to historical 
development and literature. 

133, 134 - Class Voice I (1, 1) 

Group instruction for beginners; emphasis on the 
fundamentals of singing, posture, breathing, tone 
production, diction, resonance and performance 
techniques. Admission by audition or successful 
completion of first semester course. 

135, 136 — Class Woodwind Instruments 

Beginning class study of playing techniques on 
woodwind instruments, investigating techniques 
and acoustical principles; reference to historical 
development and literature. 

221, 222 - Class Piano II (1, 1) 

For intermediate students; includes study of 
elementary and intermediate works from standard 
piano repertoire, with emphasis on interpretation 
and ensemble. Admission based upon results of a 
placement audition, or successful completion of 
previous semester's course. 

233, 234 - Class Voice II (1, 1) 

For intermediate students; emphasis on 
perfecting technique learned in first year; 
extending range, dynamics, agility flexibility 
and repertoire. Admission to 234 based upon 
successful completion of 233 or results of a 
placement audition. 

347 — Choral Conducting (2) 

Prerequisite or corequisite: Music 261, 263. 
Principles and techniques of conducting, 
including the study of materials, arranging for 
varied vocal groups, and program planning. 
First semester. 

Music Performance 


348 — Instrumental Conducting (2) 

Prerequisite or corequisite. Music 262, 264 
Principles and techniques of conducting, 
including the study of materials, arranging for 
miscellaneous instrumental groups, and program 
planning. Second semester. 

351 - Chorus (1) 

Students have an opportunity to study and 
perform selected repertoire for women's voices 
representing all periods of music literature. Open 
by audition. 

353 — Keyboard Ensemble (1) 

To give the keyboard player experience in 
ensemble playing through literature for four 
hands, piano accompanying and sight reading. 

355 — Orchestral Ensemble (1 ) 

Orchestral literature from all periods of music 
literature. This group is a nucleus for the 
College-Community Orchestra. Open to all 
instrumentalists by audition. The College- 
Community Orchestra is made up of students and 
community instrumentalists who enjoy playing 
and performing orchestral repertoire. Open to any 
qualified instrumentalist. 

357 — Woodwind Ensemble (1) 

Performance experience in representative 
compositions from all periods of music. The 
ensemble presents an informal program each 
semester. Open to all woodwind players by 

42 Philosophy 


Professor Van Sant, Chairman (Career Adviser); 
Assistant Professor Cobb; Instructor Baley. 

Philosophy is the critical examination of 
our basic beliefs. It requires the analysis of 
abstractions, and it develops the ability to do 
research, organize results, and present those 
results in written or oral form. 

Because the Department emphasizes creative 
research into philosophical problems as well 
as the competent expression of one's own 
views, philosophy can be studied profitably 
by a student majoring in any College pro- 

The objectives of the Department are to serve 
the academic program of the whole College 
by offering courses of interest to the scientist 
and mathematician, to the social scientist, and 
to the student interested in the humanities 
and literature. 

The major in philosophy is of special interest 
to students who wish a deeper understanding 
of the history of the discipline and the inter- 
relations between philosophical problems. 
The major is especially beneficial to students 
planning to enter the traditional professions 
of law, theology, or medicine. Many students 
give depth to their academic preparation by 
combining philosophy and another subject 
in a double major. 

111 — Introduction: Morals and Society 

(3) (H) 

Alternate views of the nature of mortality. Offered 
each semester. 

151 — Introduction to Logic and 
Language (3) (H) 

Valid forms of reasoning. Offered each semester. 

21 1 — Ethical Studies (3) (H) 

The status and justification of moral judgments, 
and the reasons behind disagreements in moral 

212 — Aesthetics (3) (H) 

Examination of a variety of attempts to validate 
norms of taste and of criticism. 

221 — Philosophical Problems of Law 

(3) (H) 

The relation between moral philosophy and 
criminal and civil law. 

244 — Philosophy of Science (3) (H) 

Survey of modern philosophical writing about 

304 — American Philosophy (3) (H) 

Survey of American thought. 

306 — Advanced Logic (3) (H) 

Prerequisite: Philosophy 151 or completion of six 
hours of mathematics. Theory of formal systems; 
applied criteria of consistency, completeness and 
quantification, and other topics in symbolic logic. 

321 — Greek Philosophy (3) (H) 

Selected works of Plato and Aristotle. 

322 — Medieval Philosophy (3) (H) 

Survey of scholastic philosophy. 

343 — Existentialism (3) (H) 

Recent philosophical developments in the 
continental European tradition. 

344 — History of Scientific Thought 

(3) (H) 

Prerequisite; completion of the natural science 
and mathematics degree requirement. Key 
developments in the history of scientific thinking. 

354 — Philosophy of Education (3) (H) 

Historical and contemporary philosophical 
examinations of the goals and methods of 

371 — Seventeenth and Eighteenth 
Century Philosophy (3) (H) 

Survey of major thinkers from Descartes to Hume. 

372 — Kant (3) (H) 

Selected major works of Immanuel Kant. 

373 — Nineteenth and Twentieth 
Century Philosophy (3) (H) 

Critical consideration of major thinkers and 
movements from the late 19th century to the 

481 — Readings in Philosophy (3) (H) 

Discussion of philosophical literature in afield 
selected by the Department after consultation with 

491 , 492, 493 — Individual Study (3-6) (H) 

Tutorial under the direction of a member of the 
staff. By permission of the Department. 

500 — Internship 

Supervised off-campus experience, developed in 
consultation with the Department. Credits 

Physical Education 

See Health, Physical Education and Recreation. 

Physics and Astronomy 

Professor Atalay, Chairman (Career Adviser); 
Professor Nikolic; Instructor Brown. 

The Department of Physics and Astronomy of- 
fers a curriculum characterized by diversity, 
completeness, and rigor. Of the 24 courses, 
the majority are theoretical in nature; how- 
ever, well-equipped electronics and nuclear 
physics laboratories make it possible for up- 
perclass students to engage in research. The 
Department computer, a Nova-1220, functioas 
with a number of separate languages and is 
available to students in any of the physics 
classes. The College Hewlett Packard 3000 is 
also available for sophisticated problems 
beyond the scope of the Nova-1220. 

For the astronomy program, represented by 
an elementary astronomy course, the De- 
partment possesses two reflector telescopes 
— 3-1/2-inch and 7-inch Questars — and a 
four-inch refractor. The Department has the 
capability to provide additional course work 
in astronomy when the need arises. 

The diversity of the curriculum allows stu- 
dents to pursue careers in industry, govern- 
ment, and teaching, or to undertake graduate 
work. While many career options are open 
for a recipient of a bachelor's degree in 
physics, the job opportunities are considera- 
bly enhanced for double majors, especially in 
physics/mathematics and physics/chemistry. 


101, 102 — General Physics (4, 4) (N/M) 

Introductory course. Primarily for nonscience 

and non-physical science students. Stresses 

conceptual rather than mathematical aspects. 


201, 202 — General Physics (4, 4) (N/M) 
Corequisite: Math 121. Introductory course. 
Primarily for science students. Covers essentially 
the same as Physics 101, 102, except more 
mathematical rigor is employed. Laboratory. 

311 — Atomic Physics (3) (N/M) 
Prerequisite: General Physics. Foundations of 
quantum mechanics, atoms with one electron, 
multielectron atoms, molecules, solid state 
physics, the special theory of relativity. 

312 — Nuclear Physics (3) (N/M) 
Prerequisite: General Physics. Nuclear structure, 
static and dynamic properties, and fundamental 
particles. A limited laboratory includes experi- 
ments in alpha, beta and gamma-ray spec- 

321, 322 — Classical Mechanics 

(3, 3) (N/M) 

Prerequisite: Physics 102, or 202 or equivalent, 
and Mathematics 221. Kinematics and dynamics 
of mass particle, conservation laws. Lagrange, 
Hamiltoman methods, Hamilton's equations of 
motion, the special theory of relativity Only in 

331, 332 — Electricity and Magnetism 
(3,3) (N/M) 

Prerequisites: Mathematics 221 and General 
Physics. Foundations of electromagnetic theory. 
Emphasis on lectures and limited laboratory 
demonstrations. Only in sequence. 

371 — Thermodynamics (3) (N/M) 

Prerequisites: Mathematics 221 and General 
Physics. Temperature, thermodynamic states and 
variables, the laws of thermodynamics, entropy, 
thermodynamic potentials, change of phase. 

382 — Electronics (3) (N/M) 

Prerequisites: Mathematics 221 and General 
Physics. Introduction to the theory and operation 
of electronic instruments and basic circuits. 
Limited lectures with emphasis on laboratory 

391 — Optics (3) (N/M) 

Prerequisites: Mathematics 221 and General 
Physics. Introduction to theory of physical optics 
Includes lectures and laboratory. 

Physics and Astronomy 43 

411, 412 — Quantum Mechanics 

(3, 3) (N/M) 

Prerequisite: Physics 322. Schrodmger's equation, 
harmonic oscillator, matrix formulation of quantum 
mechanics, angular momentum, scattering 
theory, perturbation theory, relativistic quantum 
mechanics. The computer is often used for matrix 
manipulation. Only in sequence. 

451 , 452 — Methods of Theoretical 
Physics (3, 3) (N/M) 

Prerequisites: Mathematics 221 and General 
Physics. Vectors, matrices, coordinates, functions 
of complex variable, differential equations, Fourier 
and Laplace transformation, vector spaces, 
variational methods, tensors, group theory. Only 
in sequence. 

462 — Advanced Nuclear Physics 

(3) (N/M) 

Prerequisite: Physics 312. Corequisites. Physics 
411, 412. Mass, size and constitution of nuclei, 
nuclear models, two-body forces, scattering 
reactions, introduction to elementary particles. 
The computer is used for matrix computations. 
Usually taught as a summer course. 

472 — Statistical Mechanics (3) (N/M) 
Prerequisite: Physics 371. Ensembles, micro- 
canonical, canonical and grandcononical 
distributions, Maxwell-Boltzmann, Bose-Emstem 
and Fermi-Dirac distributions. 

482 — Physics Seminar (1) (N/M) 

Open to third and fourth year physics students 
for credit. 

491, 492 — Independent Study 

(3, 3) (N/M) 

Open to senior physics majors only. 
500 — Internship 

Supervised off-campus experience, developed in 
consultation with the Department. Credits 


201 , 202 — Elementary Astronomy 

(3, 3) (N/M) 

Historical and descriptive survey of the physical 
universe. A limited laboratory is included. 

Political Science 

See Economics and Political Science 

44 Psychology 


Associate Professor MacEwen, Chairman; 
Professors M. A. K. Kelly, Rabson (Career 
Adviser), Weinstock; Associate Professor Smith; 
Assistant Professors Bill, Butzme, Moeller (Career 
Adviser), Nissim-Sabat, Puhakka. 

The principle objective of the Department of 
Psychology is to provide sound course cover- 
age of a variety of content areas in the field of 
psychology (i.e., the study of behavior). This 
coverage includes both traditional areas and 
those that represent more recent trends and 
theoretical developments in the discipline. 

Departmental flexibility permits the student 
to tailor a major program on an individual- 
ized basis, and each major is assigned an 
adviser to help shape a program of studies 
which is individually satisfying to the student 
as well as being educationally sound. 

Students majoring in psychology have a 
number of career options. Those who have 
combined appropriate education courses 
with the major become certified to teach 
at the primary or secondary school level. 
Others use the major as preparation for 
entry-level jobs related to psychology, includ- 
ing positions as social workers, probation 
officers, drug-abuse workers, or technicians 
and assistants in a variety of mental health 
settings. Students interested in pursuing 
psychology as a long-range career find that 
the major provides an excellent background 
for graduate study. 

101, 102 — General Psychology (3, 3) 

Fundamental principles of human behavior; 
biological antecedents; motivation; perception; 
learning; individual differences; intelligence; and 
personality. Only in sequence. Psychology 101 
and 102, or their equivalent, are prerequisite for 
all 300- and 400-level Psychology courses. 

261 — Elementary Statistics (3) (S) 

Consideration of descriptive and inferential 
statistical topics, including centrality, variability, 
correlation, regression and significance tests. 

262 — Intermediate Statistics (3) (S) 

In-depth coverage of data analysis techniques 
and inferential tests, particularly analysis of 

301 — Social Psychology (3) (S) 

The interrelationships between the individual and 
his social environment. Social influences upon 
attitudes and behavior. Group dynamics. 

307 — Computer Applications in The 
Social Sciences (3) (S) 

Prerequisite: Elementary Statistics or instructor's 
permission. BASIC programming, statistical 
applications, computer simulation, and the 
general use of the computer as a research tool. 

310 — Psychology of Exceptional 
Children (3) (S) 

Deviations in physical, intellectual and emotional 
development. Relevant theories, issues, and 
therapy programs. 

31 1 — Abnormal Psychology (3) (S) 

Examination of the major varieties of pathological 
behavior, explanatory models and modes of 

31 5 — Foundations of Clinical 
Psychology (3) (S) 

Theories and practices of the major schools of 
psychotherapy: psycho-analysis, client-centered, 
transactional analysis, Gestalt, behavior 

325S — Educational Psychology (3) (S) 

Both application and theory of learning and 
educational technology principles as they apply 
to the classroom setting. 

331 — Developmental Psychology: 
The Infant and Child (3) (S) 

Development from conception through childhood. 
Developmental processes, theories, issues and 
relevant research. 

332 — Developmental Psychology: 
The Adolescent and Adult (3) (S) 

Theories of, and research on, personality, social, 
physical and intellectual characteristics from 
adolescence to death. Emphasis on adolescence 
and aging. 

342 — Psychology of Personality (3) (S) 

Personality structure, dynamics, development, 
and methods of research. 

345 — Psychology of Learning (3) (S) 

Analysis of the theoretical issues and/or 
experimental bases of learning. Both human 
and infrahuman research will be considered. 

348 — Psychology of Motivation (3) (S) 

Primary and learned sources of motivation and 
their effects on behavior. Theory and data will be 

371 — Experimental Psychology: 
Operant Conditioning (4) (S) 

Prerequisite: Psychology 261 or 262. Analysis of 
behavior utilizing the principles and procedures 
of operant conditioning. Laboratory work 
concentrated on the rat. 

372 — Experimental Psychology: 
Sensation and Perception (4) (S) 

Prerequisite: Psychology 261 or 262. A laboratory 
approach to the study of visual and auditory 
sensory and perceptual psychology, with 
emphasis on psychophysical methods. 

373 — Experimental Psychology: 
Human Learning (4) (S) 

Prerequisite: Psychology 261 or 262. An 
examination of method, data and theory in 
human learning and memory research. 

374 — Experimental Psychology: 
Physiological Psychology (4) (S) 

Prerequisite: Psychology 261 or 262. Critical 
survey of physiological correlates of behavior 
emphasizing neurophysiological mechanisms in 
perception, motivation and learning plus methods 
of physiological investigation. 

380 — Psychological Tests and 
Measurements (4) (S) 

Prerequisite: Psychology 261 or 262. Theory of 
test construction and the interpretation and uses 
of tests. Test administration and techniques of 
handling data. 

Psychology 45 

392 — Behavior Genetics (3) 

Prerequisites One year of biology and one year 
of psychology. Principles of genetic transmission, 
gene action, population structure and evolutionary 
theory applied to problems in animal and human 

394 — Psychopharmacology (3) 

Prerequisite: One year of biology or one year of 
chemistry. Introduction to principles of drug action 
in the body, drug effects on behavior and social 
psychology of drug use. 

421— History of Psychology (3) (S) 

Survey of the historical antecedents of modern 

470, 471, 472, 473, 474 — Selected 
Topics In Psychology (3 each) (S) 

Enduring and/or contemporary issues in 

491 — Individual Research (1-4) 

Prerequisite: Permission of departmental staff 
member. Empirical investigation and/or library 
research. Maximum of eight credit hours allowable 
toward fulfilling the major field requirement. 

500 — Internship (3-12) 

Supervised off-campus experience, developed in 

consultation with the Department. 

46 Religion 

Russian Studies 


Professor Clark, Chairman (Career Adviser); 
Associate Professor Cain. 

The Department of Religion acquaints stu- 
dents with ways of studying religion, the 
kinds of questions to be asked, and the kinds 
of answers which learning can and cannot 

Departmental offerings focus on the history 
and theology of the Western religious tradi- 
tion. The small size of the Department per- 
mits personal attention, encouragement of 
individual interests, and a high degree of flex- 
ibility. A guided research course, taken by all 
senior majors, involves a senior paper. 

The BA. degree in religion equips students 
for graduate school or seminary study in re- 
ligion, as well as in graduate programs in 
other fields. Career opportunities are not li- 
mited to those opened by further study. A re- 
ligion major is a humanities student of broad 
cultural awareness trained to think, write, 
and express himself cogently, to enter into 
dialogue discerning with diverse ideas and 
perspectives. Such training is requisite to any 
career and is ultimately practical in life itself. 


See Modern Foreign Languages. 

Russian Studies 

(Interdisciplinary Major) 

Professor Bozicevic, Program and Career Adviser. 

An interdepartmental major, the Russian 
Studies program is area-oriented and 
includes study in Russian language and 
literature along with pertinent courses in 
economics, geography, music, history, politi- 
cal science, and sociology. It can be helpful to 
students seeking careers in government ser- 
vice, law, business, journalism, international 
affairs, and the natural sciences. A major in 
Russian Studies may also be combined effec- 
tively with any above-mentioned departmen- 
tal majors or a foreign language major. 

105 — Introduction to Religion (3) (H) 

Various approaches to the study of religion, their 
significance and limits; Eastern and Western 
traditions in relation to contemporary concerns. 

111 — Introduction to Christian History 

(3) (H) 

Selected topics in the development of Christianity 
and its institutions from the birth of the church to 
the present. 

117 — Introduction to Christian 
Theology (3) (H) 

The "how" as well as the "what" of theology is 
explored in relation to basic doctrines and 

201 — Judaism (3) (H) 

Historical and religious development of Judaism 
from Biblical times to the present. 

202 — The Roman Catholic Tradition 

(3) (H) 

Historical and theological development of western 
Catholic Christianity through the Second Vatican 

203 — The Protestant Tradition (3) (H) 

Historical and theological development of 
Protestant denominations and sects from the 
Reformation to the present. 

205 — The Hebrew Bible (3) (H) 

The history, literature and religion of ancient Israel. 

206 — The New Testament (3) (H) 

Historical-critical methods of study are introduced 
and applied in investigating New Testament 
sources, forms and theological motifs. 

217 — Primitive Religions (3) (H) 

Religions of non-literate peoples. Emphasis is on 
interpretation of myths, rituals and shamanism. 

220 — Studies in Suffering and Evil (3) (H) 

A theological and literary examination of theodicy: 
"If God is good, whence evil?" Emphasis on 
humor and death. 

231 — Special Studies in Religion (3) (H) 

Among topics taught at different times: Women 
and Western Religious Tradition; Mysticism East 
and West; Christian Ethics Today. 

271 — Studies in Faith and Literature 

(3) (H) 

Study of relationships between Christian faith and 
literary art in the context of contemporary novels 
and plays. 

281 — The Religion of India (3) (H) 

Study of historical development and basic 
traditions of South Asian religions, especially 
Hinduism and Buddhism. 

282 — The Religions of China and Japan 

(3) (H) 

Study of historical development and basic 
traditions of East Asian religions, especially 
Buddhism, Confucianism, Taoism, Shintoism. 

306 — Early Christian Thought (3) (H) 

Theology of the early church with emphasis on the 
development of Trinitarian and Christological 

31 3 — European Theology (3) (H) 

Prerequisite: either Religion 111, 117, 202, or 203. 
Persons and problems of 20th century theology 
from Barth to Moltmann, from liberal to liberation 

31 4 — American Theology (3) (H) 

Prerequisite: either Religion 111,117, 202, or 203. 
Death of God, Secular, Black, Process and Play 
theologies are investigated; emphasis on present 
theological problems and possibilities. 

331 — Special Studies in Religion (3) (H) 

Among topics taught at different times: 19th 
Century Theology, Protestant Reformation. 

341 — Major Religious Thinkers (3) (H) 

Among thinkers studied in depth at different times: 
Augustine; Soren Kierkegaard; Elie Wiesel. 

401 — Guided Research (3) (H) 

Preparation of a senior paper under the direction 
of the Department. Required of all senior majors. 

491 , 492, 493, 494 — Individual Study 
(3 each) (H) 

Individual work under the guidance of the 
Department. By permission of the Department. 

500 — Internship 

Supervised off-campus experience, developed in 
consultation with the Department. Credits 

Sociology and 

Professor Carter, Chairman; Professors Allen, 
Sletten (Career Adviser for Sociology); Assistant 
Professors London, Williamson (Career Adviser for 

The major program in sociology offers a 
strong grounding in the development of 
sociological theory and methods of sociologi- 
cal research. Specific courses focus upon 
major aspects of social structure and social 
institutioas. Individual study and research 
offers the student the possibility of working 
with faculty guidance in an area of special in- 
terest. Also available is internship experience 
in a community agency or organization with 
faculty and other professional supervision. 

As a body of reliable knowledge and a 
method of scientific investigation, sociology 
provides the student with iasights into the 
nature of culture, social structure, and the 
development of human personality. 

Career opportunities develop from the study 
of sociology through skills acquired for 
analysis of social groups, skills highly valued 
by administrators and executives in various 
businesses and organizations. Graduates are 
working as governmental administrators, in 
education and teaching, and as executives in 
Scouting, Red Cross and other community 
groups. Those with advanced degrees are 
also working as research associates in public 
and private research. Other majors have en- 
tered fields such as social case work, medical 
social work, psychiatric social work as well 
as probation and parole. 

Courses in anthropology are designed to ac- 
quaint students with the varieties of human 
culture and society, and with the different 
ways in which the study of man can be ap- 
proached: physical, archaeological, socio- 
cultural, and linguistic. Anthropology 101 is 
prerequisite for all upper-level courses ex- 
cept by permission of instructor. 


201 — Principles of Sociology (3) (S) 

Basic characteristics of group life; status, role, 
social structure, culture and interaction between 
persons and groups. 

202 — Social Problems (3) (S) 

Social change, deviants, social and personal 
disorganization, mobility; delinquency, crime; 
political, industrial and other group conflicts. 

303 — Culture, Social Structure and 
Personality (3) (S) 

Impact of culture and social structure upon 
individuals, and of socio-cultural norms and 
values upon personal attitudes and behavior 

304 — Social Stratification (3) (S) 

Prerequisite: Sociology 201 . Analysis of inequality 
in society Nature and effects of stratification in 
modern society. 

311 — Demography and Human Ecology 

(3) (S) 

Basic principles of social and formal demography. 
Relationship of social, economic and psychologi- 
cal factors on demographic processes. 

312 — Comparative Community Studies 

(3) (S) 

Prerequisite: Sociology 201 . Cross-cultural study 
of the impact of modernization, urbanization, and 
political centralization on communities. Offered 
in alternate years; offered 1978-79. 

31 3 — Urban Sociology (3) (S) 

Common problems of city living, ecological fac- 
tors in growth of cities and their influence upon 
social behavior. First semester 

314 — Population Trends: Special Topics 
in Population (3) (S) 

Intensive treatment of selected special topics in 
population. Second semester. Offered in alternate 
years; offered 1979-80 

331 — The Family (3) (S) 

Historical, social-psychological and cultural study 
of sex roles, mate selection, courtship, marriage 
and family relations. 

334 — Medical Sociology (3) (S) 

How disease and health relate to social structure 
and culture; correlates of diseases. Organization 
and role analysis of health professions. 

Sociology and Anthropology 47 

341 — American Society (3) 

Overview of contemporary society, modifications 
of the liberal progressive ideology and organiza- 
tion; changing male and female roles, growth of 
bureaucracy; work and leisure 

342 — Occupations and Social 
Structure (3) (S) 

Treatment of major occupational groups; special 
emphasis upon professions and executive roles, 
including relationships with other aspects of 

351 — Juvenile Delinquency (3) 

Prerequisites: Sociology 201, 202. Sociological 
analysis of the nature, extent, causes, impact and 
treatment of juvenile delinquency. Offered in 
alternate years; offered 1978-79. 

352 — Criminology (3) 

Crime, its nature, types, extent and historic trends, 
causal theories, mythical and scientific; programs 
of crime control, treatment and prevention. 

362 — Methods of Social Research 

(3) (S) 

Study design, observation, interviewing, ques- 
tionnaire construction and administration, survey 
research and analysis, and other topics. 

363 — Sociological Research: Data 
Analysis (3) (S) 

Prerequisites: Sociology 201 , Sociology 362, 
and Statistics 200. Analysis of data from sample 
surveys, census materials. Use of secondary 
data to prepare research reports 

402 — Sociology of Human 
Development (3) (S) 

Micro-social structures and processes, socializa- 
tion, chief agents, impact of social interaction with 
siblings, peers and parents, age-grading, other 
vertical gradients. 

421 — Human Relations (3) (S) 

American racial and ethnic groups; focus on 
Indians and Blacks; concepts of prejudice, 
discrimination, segregation, inter-group 
conflict, accommodation, cooperation. 

48 Sociology 

422 — Sociology of Religion (3) (S) 

Prerequisite: Sociology 201 or instructor approval. 
Social factors in development and function of 
institutions in world religions; chief focus on 
Judeo-Christian tradition. 

442 — Social Change (3) (S) 

Theories of social change and evolution; analysis 
of historical changes. 

471 — History of Social Theory (3) (S) 

Presentation and analysis of major forms and 
themes of social and early sociological theory 
from Greece to the 20th century. 

472 — Contemporary Sociological 
Theories (3) (S) 

Major sociological theorists of the 20th century. 

488 — General Readings (3) (S) 

Usually one set of readings on some major con- 
cepts or points of view in contemporary sociology 
with an emphasis upon discussion. 

489 — Special Readings (3) (S) 

One or several sets of readings and discussions 
from a sociological point of view. Student interest is 
important in selection of the topics. 

491 , 492, 493, 494 — Individual Study 
and Research (3) (S) 

Available to qualified students. Reading and 
research; project or paper with guidance of a 
faculty member. 

500 — Internship 

Supervised off-campus experience, developed in 
consultation with the Department. Credits vari- 


101 — Introduction to Cultural and 
Social Anthropology (3) (S) 

How primitive peoples organize their worlds. 
Examination of various basic concepts in a 
number of different societies. Offered first semes- 
ter. Prerequisite for all upper-level courses except 
by permission of the instructor. 

102 — Introduction to Physical 
Anthropology and Archaeology (3) (S) 

Physical sub-disciplines: paleontology prima- 
tology evolution, genetics, human varieties. 
Archaeology: objectives, techniques, participa- 
tion in local field work. Offered second semester. 

201 — Ethnography of North American 
Indians (3) (S) 

Various Indian societies from different cultural 
areas, both ancient and modern; theoretical 
problems related to Indian cultures. 

202 — Ethnography of South Pacific 
Peoples (3) (S) 

Societies and cultures from the South Pacific: 
Philippines, Melanesia (including New Guinea), 
Micronesia, and Polynesia (including New 
Zealand). Second semester, 1978. 

301 — History of Culture Theory (3) (S) 

Examination of theories of the analysis of culture 
from the beginnings of anthropological thought 
until the present. First semester. 

312 — Women in Anthropology (3) (S) 

Study of women both as anthropologists and as 
objects of anthropological investigation in a 
number of different social contexts. Second 

322 — Symbols and Communications 

(3) (S) 

How anthropology studies the communications 
used by society and culture (symbols, signs, sig- 
nals) with emphasis on symbols: what they are, 
what forms they take, how they acquire meaning, 
etc. The question of seemingly "symbol-less" 
societies will be addressed. 

491, 492 — Individual Study and 
Research (3, 3) (S) 

Individual work under the guidance of the 
instructor. By permission of the instructor. 

500 — Internship 

Supervised off-campus experience, developed in 
consultation with the Department. Credits van- 


See Modern Foreign Languages. 


Associate Professor Duke, Chairman (Career 

The objectives of the Department are three- 
fold: to enhance student skills in oral com- 
munication through theory and practice in 
reading and speaking; to student 
understanding of the structure of the spoken 
language; and to provide students with a basic 
knowledge of the anatomy and physiology 
underlying the speech mechanism. 

A major program in speech pathology and 
audiology is offered in cooperation with the 
University of Virginia. Students complete 
three years at Mary Washington College, 
spend the senior year in residence at the 
University of Virginia, and receive their 
degrees from Mary Washington College. Full 
details on this program are available from 
the Chairman. 

In addition to the specific pre-professional 
education afforded by the cooperative pro- 
gram, the Department provides students with 
the opportunity to increase their personal 
effectiveness in oral communication, an in- 
tegal component of most vocations on the 
professional and supervisory level. 

Speech 49 

261 — Voice and Diction (3) 

Theory and practice of principles necessary to 
speech improvement Individual analysis is 
offered to improve the student's voice, articulation, 
and pronunciation. 

301 — Group Discussion (3) 

Philosophy and practice of group discussion as 
a means of problem-solving and the exercise of 
group leadership. Offered in alternate years; 
offered 1979-80 

302 — Public Speaking (3) 

A study of the art of public speaking: the 
composition, organization and delivery of 
speeches of various types. Offered in 
alternate years; offered 1979-80. 

331, 332 — Oral Interpretation (3, 3) (Hi 

Interpretation of prose, poetry and dramatic 
literature in terms of its intellectual, emotional 
and aesthetic content. 

361 — Voice Science (3) 

A study of the anatomical, physiological and 
neurological functioning of the speech and 
hearing mechanisms. Offered in alternate years: 
offered in 1978-79. 

362 — Phonetics (3) 

A study of American dialects and standards of 
speech employing the International Phonetic 
Alphabet. Offered in alternate years; offered 

491, 492 — Individual Study (3, 3) 

Individual study under the direction of a member 
of the staff. By permission of the Department. 

500 — Internship 

Supervised off-campus experience, developed in 
consultation with the Department. Credits 


Academic Policies 


mi V ' 

I r / 







52 Academic Policies 

At Mary Washington 
College standards have 
been set to provide 
for a smoothly run 
academic program. 
Rules and regulations guarantee 
that all students are treated fairly 
in both their academic and non- 
academic lives. The Student 
Handbook, issued by the Dean 
of Student Services, describes 
non-academic policies. 

For academic procedures, stu- 
dents and faculty consult this 
catalog and the Dictionary of 
Academic Regulations, a com- 
prehensive and easy-to-use refer- 
ence. Both the catalog and the 
dictionary are for the conveni- 
ence and information of the stu- 
dent. Neither should be inter- 
preted as an irrevocable contract. 
Academic policies and proce- 
dures and degree requirements 
are listed according to standards 
in effect at the time of printing, 
and are subject to change at the 
discretion of the College. All 
changes are announced by mail or 
in the Weekly Bulletin. If a change 
is announced which affects the 

students program, it is the stu- 
dent's responsibility to adjust that 
program accordingly or to obtain 
written confirmation from the 
Dean for any variation. (The Dean 
welcomes questions and requests 
concerning the interpretation and 
applicability of academic policies 
and procedures.) 

Since the final responsibility for 
meeting all degree requirements 
rests with the students, they 
should have complete knowledge 
of the regulations pertaining to 
the academic program of the Col- 
lege. The Dictionary will be dis- 
tributed to each entering student 
and will be updated annually 

Honor System 

Since 1944, the students of Mary Wash- 
ington College have lived under the 
Honor System. Although its constitution is 
occasionally revised, the Honor Code has 
remained basically the same throughout 
the years. The Honor Council retains sole 
control of its operations and is responsi- 
ble to the student body, which derives its 
authority to establish the Honor System 
from the Board of Visitors. Because of tine 
nature of the Honor System, final respon- 
sibility lies with the Board of Visitors, 
but all enforcement is in the hands of 

The Honor System provides that a student 
shall act honorably in all relationships of 
campus life. Lying, cheating, stealing or 
breaking one's word of honor are consi- 
dered infringements of the system, and 
the penalty for a violation, as determined 
by the Honor Council, may be dismissal 
from the College. The pledge required 
on quizzes, examinations, and other 
classwork means that the work the stu- 
dent submits to a professor is the stu- 
dent's own and has been completed in ac- 
cordance with the requirements for the 
course as laid down by the professor. 

All students must understand that by ac- 
cepting admission to Mary Washington, 
they make a commitment to the provi- 
sions of the Honor Code. Upon entering 
the College for the first time, every stu- 
dent is given a copy of the complete 
Honor Code and is expected to become 
familiar with its provisions. (See the Stu- 
dent Handbook for a copy of the Honor 
Constitution.) Saident counselors inter- 
pret the Honor System to all new students 
before they are asked to sign a pledge 
card stating that they understand what is 
expected and realize that a plea of ignor- 
ance will not be accepted by the Honor 
Council. Registration as a student is not 
considered complete until this card has 
been signed. 


Mary Washington College uses a calendar 
of two semesters and one summer ses- 
sion. The fall semester begins in late Au- 
gust and ends in December; the spring 
semester begins in January and ends in 
May. Since it is an integral part of the 
school calendar, the summer session 
permits the completion of a full semes- 
ter's work. 

Honor System 


Residence Requirements 

Residence Requirements 

Residential students earning less than 12 
credits must have permission from the 
Dean (/Student Services to live in a resi- 
dence hall. Students on financial aid 
should consult the Dean of Admissi. ,ns 
and Financial Aid if they wish to carry 
fewer than 12 credits. 

A student must earn at least 30 academic 
credits at Mary Washington to be consi- 
dered a degree candidate. These 30 cred- 
its must include at least three-fourths of 
the major program, unless die student is 
spending the junior year abroad in an ap- 
proved language program. 

Students must spend the last session 
(regular semester or summer session 1 1 >f 
their degree programs on campus. This 
rule does not apply to students in the two 
cooperative programs, Medical Technol- 
ogy and Speech Pathol ogy and Audiology. 
in which the fourth year is spent at a 
cooperating iastitution. 

54 Junior Year Abroad 
Transfer Credit 
Advanced Placement 

Junior Year Abroad 

The procedure for earning credits at col- 
leges and universities abroad is basically 
the same as earning credits at other in- 
stitutions in the United States, except that 
more advance planning is necessary. 

With the help of departmental faculty and 
the Assistant Dean for Advising, interested 
students should investigate the wide 
range of available programs. Most stu- 
dents spend the year abroad with a pro- 
gram sponsored by an American institu- 
tion, although a few apply directly to the 
foreign school. All courses must be ap- 
proved in advance for transfer credit by 
the Assistant Dean for Advising. Courses 
to be counted in the major program must 
also be approved by the student's major 
adviser who helps the student structure a 
program in relation to the major at Mary 

Transfer Credit 

The number of students transferring to 
Mary Washington from other institutions 
is increasing, and the College makes 
every effort to facilitate this transition. 

As a rule, transfer credit is given for 
courses of the same type (liberal arts 
courses) and under the same guidelines 
as courses offered at Mary Washington. 
Courses for which transfer credit is re- 
quested must not overlap those which 
the student takes at the College, and a 
minimum grade of C must have been 
earned. New transfer students should 
have transcripts from other institutions 
sent directly to the Office of Admissions. 
This office will complete an estimate of 
transfer credits to be allowed. After ad- 
mission procedures have been com- 
pleted, a final evaluation will be issued 
by the Office of The Dean. 

A student enrolled at the College who 
plans to earn transfer credit from another 
institution should provide a catalog de- 
scription of the course or courses, and 
request advance approval from the Office 
of the Dean, before registering for the 
course. If the course is approved and the 
student earns a grade of C or better, the 
credits are recorded on the student 's 
permanent record at Mary Washington. 
Transcripts of courses approved for trans- 
fer credit should be sent direcdy to the 
Office of Student Records. 

Grades earned in transfer work do not af- 
fect the student's quality point average at 
Mary Washington College. Credit is given 
for the hours only. 

Credits Earned Other 
Than by Regular Class 

Credits other than those earned through 
regular course work include 1) Advanced 
Placement, 2) Challenge Examination, 
3) College-Level Examination Program 
(CLEP), and 4) Credit-by-Examination. 
Although quality points are not given for 
these credits, they may be counted toward 
basic requirements or, if applicable, for 
the major. 

Advanced Placement. Students enter- 
ing from high school may apply for col- 
lege credit through the examination given 
by the Advanced Placement Program of 
the College Entrance Examination Board. 
These examinations are offered in the 
third week of May in American history, 
biology, chemistry, English, European his- 
tory, French, German, Latin, mathematics, 
physics, and Spanish. For further informa- 
tion students should consult their high 
school guidance counselors. 

Interested students should have the re- 
sults of the Advanced Placement examina- 
tion forwarded to the College. Normally, 
credit is given for a score of three or 
higher. Credits earned in this manner 
may not count toward the major program. 
They may, however, be used to satisfy 
Basic Requirements. 

Challenge Examination. These may 
be taken by an entering student to sup- 
port a petition for academic credit for 
mastery of subject matter covered by 
selected courses offered by Mary Wash- 
ington College. Challenge examinations 
may not be taken in studio and laboratory 
courses, seminars, individual study 
courses, and many upper-level courses. 
Credits earned in this manner may not 
count toward the major program, but may 
be used to satisfy Basic Requirements. A 
fee is charged for taking a challenge 

College-Level Examination Pro- 
gram (CLEP). The College participates 
in the CLEP administered by the College 
Entrance Examination Board. Tine College 
does not give credit for the General 
Examination, but does give credit for 
selected subject examinations, providing 
that the student scores above die fiftieth 
percentile. The program is designed for 
the mature student with knowledge 
gained by means other than through 
academic work. More information, in- 
cluding the specific credits assigned, is 
available from the Office of the Dean. 
Credits earned by CLEP may ..ot count 
toward the major program, but may be 
used to satisfy Basic Requirements. 

Credit- By-Examination. An enrol- 
led student may request from a depart- 
ment a special examination on any course 
for which an examination is appropriate. 
If the student passes the examination, the 
course and a grade of "CR" will be re- 
corded on his transcript for hour credit, 
but not for quality-point credit. If the stu- 
dent fails the examination, a grade of "CI" 
(Test Incomplete) is recorded. During die 
next regular semester this grade must 
be removed by taking and passing the 
course;, die Test Incomplete 
will be converted to an "E" The course 
may be taken on a graded or pass/fail 
basis. If taken on a graded basis, the 
course may count toward the major 
program or be used to satisfy Basic Re- 
quirements. A fee is charged for this 
examinadon. Credit-by-Examination is 
not available for such courses as semi- 
nars, individual study, studio, and lab- 
oratory courses. 

Physical Education Credit for 
Military Services. Students who have 
been in military service may receive up 
to two credits in physical educadon, 
widi one credit given for one year in 
the service. 

Credit-by-Examination 55 
Course Load 

Course Load 

If a student intends to graduate in eight 
semesters, normal progress toward a de- 
gree is as follows: a minimum of 28 credit 
hours completed for the first two semes 
ters and 15 to 18 credit hours completed 
during each of the remaining six semes- 
ters, for a total of 122 hours. 

Under this definition of normal pro- 
gress, students are classified as follows: 
freshmen, fewer than 28 credits; sopho- 
mores, 28 to 57 credits; juniors, 58 to 89 
credits, seniors, 90 credits or more. 

Students wishing to accelerate and 
graduate in fewer than eight semesters, 
will consistently take 17 or 18 credits each 
semester and attend summer sessions. In 
this way, a student can graduate in diree 
calendar vears. 

56 Attendance 
Withdrawal from the College 


In the educational philosophy of the Col- 
lege, classroom work is an essential part 
of educational development. Therefore, 
the College expects regular class atten- 
dance, although it does not impose any 
set rules. An instructor may require a stu- 
dent whose absences are excessive to 
withdraw from a course. No less than 25 
per cent of the total number of class meet- 
ings may be considered excessive, and the 
instructor must announce during the first 
week of the semester whether he will 
enforce the excessive absence rule. 

Students are responsible and accountable 
for all tests, assignments, material cov- 
ered, and announcements made in class 
whether they are present or not. Leaving 
campus early for weekends or holidays 
is never a valid reason for missing classes 
or shifting examinations. Students whose 
class attendance is unnecessarily irregular 
may be requested by the Dean to with- 
draw from the College. 

A student who has been in the infirmary 
and has missed classes should tell the in- 
structor, who may call the infirmary to 
learn whether the College physician has 
advice on how to work with the student. 
Students under the care of a doctor 
should request a memo of confirmation 
from the doctor to present to their in- 
structors. A student unavoidably absent 
for a week or more, due to hospital- 
ization, serious illness, or a sudden 
emergency, should notify the Advising 
Office as soon as possible. If appropriate, 
the Assistant Dean for Advising will inform 
instructors of the student's circumstances; 
but this in no way relieves the student of 
responsibility for course work. 

Students faced with unavoidable ex- 
tended absences should consult not only 
with their instructors but also with the 
Assistant Dean for Advising to discuss 
the advantages of withdrawing for the 


Academic performance in any course is 

rated according to the following system, 

which is printed on all grade reports: 

A unusual excellence 

B work distinctly above average 

C work of average or medium quality 

D the lowest passing mark, work of 

below average quality 
F failure, no credit in the course 
PA pass, in a pass/fail course 
FA failure, in a pass/fail course, no 

credit in the course 
SA satisfactory, in a physical education 

UN unsatisfactory, in a physical educa- 
tion course, no credit in the course 
I incomplete, illness or emergency in 
final portion of a semester has pre- 
vented the student from finishing 
the course. 
CR test out (credit-by-examination) 
CI test incomplete (credit-by- 
WP withdraw passing 
T transfer 

CH challenge examination passed 
AP testing service examination passed 

Quality-Point Average. Each grade, 
A through D, carries a stated number of 
quality points, which are multiplied by 
the number of credit hours to compute 
the total quality points for the course. 
A carries four; B carries three; C carries 
two, and D carries one. Thus, a three- 
hour course with a grade of A provides 
12 quality points; similarly, if a course 
carries four hours of credit and the 
grade is A, it provides 16 quality points. 

The quality-point average is computed by 
dividing the total under hours attempted 
(on the grade report) into the total under 
Qualtiy Points. Note that the hours at- 
tempted column does not include hours 
taken pass/fail, credit-by-examination, 
transfer credits, or physical education 

Pass/Fail Option. With the approval 
of an academic adviser (for freshmen and 
sophomores) or a department adviser 
(for juniors and seniors), a student may 
take one course each semester or during 
a complete summer session on a pass/fail 
basis for a maximum of eight pass/fail 
courses during the entire degree pro- 
gram. These courses can be used for com- 
petence, elective, or diversification credit, 
but not for basic or major requirements. A 
student may take a pass/fail and a physical 
education course in the same semester. 
The decision to take a course pass/fail 
must be made within the first two weeks 
of the semester, but most often the stu- 
dent decides at registration. Otherwise, 
the Advising Office must change a course 
from graded to pass/fail or from pass/fail 
to graded. Before electing to use the 
pass/fail option, a student should con- 
sider its effect on his opportunity to 
earn academic awards and distinctions, 
for these are calculated on the basis of a 
specified minimum number of graded 
credit hours. 


Students must be suspended for aca- 
demic deficiency if they fall below a "C" 
average for die fourth semester, whether 
successive or not. Suspension means that 
a student may not register for classes for 
at least two successive semesters, a full 
summer session counting as a semester. 
After that time, continuance is possible 
only after a schedule of return to good 
standing has been agreed upon in writing 
between Dean and student. The student 
must maintain this schedule in order to 
continue at the College. 

Withdrawal from the 

A student who wishes to withdraw from 
the College during the semester must 
notify the Office of die Dean in person 
and, if a minor, must have written consent 
of parent or guardian. The College re- 
quests that the student also meet with die 
Assistant Dean for Advising. At that time, 
the student may be placed on leave of 

Recognition of Student 

The Dean's List. A student carrying 
at least 12 hours of new work on which 
quality points may be computed at die 
close of a grading period who attaias a 
grade-point average of 3. 50 or better on 
all work taken for graded credit for any 
semester is placed on the Dean's List of 
Honor Students. Decisions on the Deans 
List are based on a students record as it 
stands at the official close of the semester 
grading period. Thus, incompletes always 
prevent consideration for the Dean's List. 

Intermediate Honors. A student 
at Mary Washington College who, as a 
freshman and sophomore, achieves a 
3.75 quality-point average is awarded 
Intermediate Honors. To be eligible 
for Intermediate Honors, a student 
must have completed at least 58 hours, 
of which at least 44 must be work on 
which quality points can be computed. 

Distinction Awards. General aca- 
demic attainment of graduating seniors 
will be recognized dirough die awards 
of Distinction, High Distinction, and 
Highest Distinction, based solely on the 
student's academic average at Mary Wash- 
ington College. The level of attainment 
for each award is as follows: Distinction, 
3.25; High Distinction, 350; Highest 
Distinction, 3.75. A student may receive 
both departmental honors and one of 
die distinction awards. 

To be graduated widi Distinction, High 
Distinction or Highest Distinction, a 
student must have earned at least 94 
hours on which quality points may be 

Suspension 57 
Recognition of Student Achievement 
Recognition of Faculty Achievement 

Mary Washington College Alumni 
Award. This award is presented annually 
by die Alumni Association at die Senior 
Convocation to that member of the grad- 
uating class who has shown distinction in 
academic achievement and outstanding 
service to the College. 

Colgate W. Darden, Jr. Award. This 
award was established in I960 to honor 
Colgate W. Darden, Jr. President of the 
University of Virginia from 1947 to 1959. It 
consists of a medal designed by Gaetano 
Cecere, formerly of the Department 
of Art, and a cash sum. It is awarded to 
the senior having the highest academic 

To be eligible for die Darden Award, 
a student must have earned at least 94 
hours on which quality points may be 

Recognition of Faculty 

Grellet C Simpson Award. This 
award, made possible by an anonymous 
donor, is presented each year at gradua- 
tion to a faculty member in recognition 
of excellence in undergraduate teaching. 



60 Admission 

Mary Washington Col- 
lege takes a personal 
approach to admis- 
sions. Your admissions 
application will be dis- 
cussed and weighed along with 
other information you send. Per- 
sonal Interviews are encouraged, 
and supporting information about 
yourself is helpful in the selection 

The admissions office is open for 
your visit and is willing to answer 
questions and provide informa- 
tion about any aspect of college 
life. An applicant to Mary 
Washington College is viewed as 
an individual rather than just 
another form to process. 

Typically the MWC freshman has 
followed an academic course in 
high school and has Scholastic Ap- 
titude Test scores totaling just 
over 1,000; scores for 90 percent 
of the class range between 800 
and 1 300. Students who are ac- 
cepted for admission are gener- 
ally in the top third of their 
graduating classes. 

Typical transfer students accepted 
at Mary Washington are in good 
academic and social standing at 
their last institutions. They have 
taken programs similar in nature 
to programs at Mary Washington. 
The level of success at the last in- 
stitution predicts the chance of 
success at Mary Washington. 

Three programs permit selected 
high school students to enter 
Mary Washington College before 
high school graduation. Students 
who do not plan to earn a Mary 
Washington degree can apply for 
admission as special students. 

Most Mary Washington students 
apply for admission during the 
first semester of their senior year 
in high school and enter college 
the following fall. About 12 per 
cent of Mary Washington students 
enter as transfer students with 
credits from another college. Ad- 
mission requirements and proce- 
dures cannot meet the situation of 
every applicant. If you have par- 
ticular questions, problems or re- 
quests, contact the Dean of Ad- 
missions and Financial Aid. 

Mary Washington College does 
not discriminate in recruiting, 
admitting, or enrolling students 
on the basis of race, color, relig- 
ion, physical disability national 
origin, political affiliation, marital 
status, sex, or age. Questions may 
be directed to the Vice President 
and AAEEO Officer, Mary 
Washington College. 

For the purposes of initial admis- 
sion and continuance there are 
two ways in which students may 
be classified: regular and special. 
Each group contains two kinds of 
students; full-time (taking 12 or 
more credit hours or by permis- 
sion) and part-time (taking 1 1 
credit hours or fewer). 

Regular Students 

To be admitted as a regular student, an in- 
dividual must submit a full application 
with all supportive transcripts from sec- 
ondary school and all collegiate institu- 
tions attended. This application, along 
with information furnished by die secon- 
dary school and results of the College 
Board Scholastic Aptitude and Achieve- 
ment Tests, is reviewed by the appropriate 
Committee on Admissions, and upon its 
decision, the applicant is either admitted 
or not admitted as a degree-seeking stu- 
dent at Mary Washington College. 

A regular student may be full-time or 
part-time. This is determined at die time 
the student registers for classes and de- 
pends upon die number of hours carried 
for credit. Generally, a regular student 
must register for 12 or more credit hours 
to qualify for full-time status. A regular 
student may, however, be given permis- 
sion by the Dean of the College and the 

Dean of Student Services to maintain full- 
time student status and register for fewer 
than 12 credit hours for reasons of health, 
academic performance, service in die 
student leadership role of President of the 
Honor Council or President of the Stu- 
dent Association, or for other special cir- 
cumstances. Students receiving this per- 
mission shall pay die tuition and fees of a 
regular student with full-time student 
status. During die semester, a regular full- 
time student may drop without permis- 
sion below a course load of 12 credit 
hours and become a part-time student; in 
such cases there will be no remission of 
fees. A student may not live in college 
housing while carrying fewer than 12 cre- 
dit hours without permission from the 
Dean of Student Services. Students receiv- 
ing financial assistance must consult with 
the Dean of Admissions and Financial Aid 
concerning the consequences of drop- 
ping below a course load of 12 credit 

A person who has been admitted as a 
regular student remains a regular student 
until graduadon from Mary Washington 
College. That person cannot become a 
special student after having been admitted 
as a regular student. 

Admission 61 
Regular Students 
Special Students 

Admission as a Special 

Applicants for admission as special stu- 
dents are mi )st i >ften tl u )sc win ) are in- 
terested not in a degree but in specific 
courses, or students at odier institutions 
who wish to earn credits t< ) transfer b > 
their own institutions. 

Special students complete a greatly 
abbreviated application form and must 
submit proof of high school graduation or 
a statement of good standing, or of gradu- 
ation from another college. The Dean of 
Admissions and Financial Aid makes the 
decision on the admission of special stu- 
dents. Special student admission is an 
open-door policy as long as the student's 
record appears to be clear. Admission as 
a special student is not admissi< >n to a 
degree program of the College. 

The special student will be notified of the 
specific time of registration. Aldiough the 
applicadon may be submitted at any time 
up to the first day of class, it is more con- 
venient if the application is submitted well 
in advance. 

62 Special Students 

Admission Directly after High School 

Special students may be full-time or part- 
time; however, almost all special students 
are part-time. This is the intent of the 
program. A part-time student can take 11 
credit hours or fewer and pay by the cred- 
it hour attempted. A special student can 
seek permission of the Dean of Admis- 
sions and Financial Aid to be a full-time 
special student. Certain criteria must be 
met if such permission is to be granted. 
Full-time special students are college 
graduates who are seeking certification in 
education or a similar field, college stu- 
dents who are taking a full program of 
study which they have been given permis- 
sion to transfer to their parent institution 
to complete a degree program, or stu- 
dents who are taking a full program to 
qualify for graduate or professional 

A person who has applied to Mary 
Washington College as a regular student 
for any session and who has been denied 
admission is not eligible to apply to the 
college as a special student. 

A person who has at one time been a spe- 
cial student at Mary Washington College 
can apply at a later date as a regular stu- 
dent. The person then submits the regular 
student application with all supportive 
information. This application will be re- 
viewed by the Committee on Admissions. 

Admission Directly after 
High School 

A student who intends to enter Mary 
Washington directly after high school 
graduation should request application 
materials from the Dean of Admissions 
and Financial Aid early in the first semes- 
ter of the senior year. Students requesting 
a decision under the Early Decision Plan 
should also request the Early Decision 
Agreement form. 

The application should be returned as 
soon as convenient. The transcript form 
and the mid-year school report form must 
be completed by the appropriate high 
school official and returned. If the scores 
earned on the Scholastic Aptitude and 
Achievement Tests have not already been 
sent to the College, the applicant should 
request the College Board to send them 
directly to Mary Washington. 

The suggested deadline for submitting an 
application is March 1. All applicants who 
meet this deadline will be notified of the 
Committees decision by April 1. All accep- 
tances are conditional upon second 
semester performance. 

A student who applies after the suggested 
March 1 deadline follows the same proce- 
dure. Applications will be considered on a 
space available basis. The Committee will 
announce its decision as soon as possible 
after materials have been received. 

High School Preparation. The gen- 
eral academic requirements for admis- 
sion are graduation from an accredited 
high school or preparatory school* and 
credit for at least sixteen acceptable 
entrance units.** 

The sixteen academic units must include 
the following: 

English, 4 units 

College preparatory mathematics and 
science, 4 units — A student who antici- 
pates a college major in one of the natural 
sciences or mathematics, or who intends 
to certify as a teacher, should have earned 
three units in mathematics selected from 
algebra, geometry, trigonometry, calculus, 
or combinations of these courses, plus 
one unit in science. A student anticipating 
other major programs may submit two 
college preparatory units of mathematics 
and two units of science. 

Foreign language, 2 units — Two units 
in the same foreign language are required 
and more are recommended. 

Social Studies, 2 units 

Electives, 4 units — Electives may consist 
of additional units in any of the areas 
listed, as well as units earned in art, music, 
drama, journalism, etc. 

A student attending a five-year school or 
one who begins traditional secondary 
school subjects in the eighth grade must 
complete eighteen academic units in 
order to meet the minimum require- 
ments for admission. A student who does 
not meet the recommended distribution 
of subjects, but feels otherwise qualified, 
should write to the Dean of Admissions 
and Financial Aid. 

*A school which is accredited by the state or a re- 
gional accrediting agency. 
* *An entrance unit represents a year's successful 
study of a subject in a high school or preparatory 
school, the class meeting five times a week. 

Examinations. Students entering di- 
rectly from high school are required to 
take the Scholastic Aptitude Test and 
Achievement Tests in English Composi- 
tion and in at least one other area of die 
applicant's choice. These tests should be 
completed no later than January of the 
senior year. 

Information about the tests may be ob- 
tained from die College Board Admis- 
sions Testing Program, Box 592, Prince- 
ton, New Jersey 08540, or from secondary 
school counselors. When applying for die 
tests, the student should specify diat the 
results be sent to Mary Washington 
College (College Code Number 5398). 

Character, Personality and In- 
terests. In addition to the scholastic re- 
cord, recommendations from appropriate 
school officials are welcomed. Such re- 
commendations should include an as- 
sessment of academic potential, as well as 
character, personality, and interests. Ac- 
tivities diat reflect leadership or intellec- 
tual interests are impressive only if they 
reinforce sound academic achievement. 
Since Mary Washington operates under a 
successful honor system, assurance of 
personal integrity is indispensable. 

Committee Review. The Committee 
on Admissions approves applicants only 
if diey seem prepared to succeed in a 
competitive, liberal arts curriculum. The 
Committee considers academic achieve- 
ment, class rank, secondary school rec- 
ommendations, aptitude, and achieve- 
ment test results, as well as a pattern of 
courses demonstrating interest and com- 
petence in die liberal arts and sciences. 

The Committee feels diat die senior year 
is extremely important, and diat such 
basic academic subjects as English, 
madiemadcs, laboratory sciences, and 
foreign language should be continued 
through die final term. 

Application Fees and Deposits. All 

students send a $10 non-refundable appli- 
cation fee widi the initial application. 

Students accepted by die College send an 
answer and a deposit — dormitory stu- 
dents submit a $100 room deposit, and 
commudng students submit a $50 fee de- 
posit. Students applying by March 1, who 
are notified by April 1, are required to 
answer and to send die deposit by May 1. 
If the application is late, and die letter of 
acceptance is received after May 1, the 
deposit is due widiin two weeks. The 
deposit is applied to the first semester 
charges. Unless the student has asked for 
Early Decision, the deposit is refundable 
upon request until May 1. If the student is 
accepted for the spring semester, the de- 
posit is refundable upon request until 
December 15. 

Deferred Enrollment. Upon request, 
an accepted student may have one year to 
exercise the option of enrolling. Delayed 
enrollment is subject to admission re- 
quirements in force at the dme the inidal 
decision is made. If students enroll at 
another insdtudon before enrolling at 
Mary Washington, they must apply again 
as transfer students. 

Students will be subject to rules, regula- 
tions, and financial charges in effect when 
they actually enroll. 

Admission Directly after High School 63 

Early Decision Plan. The student 
who has selected Mary Washington Col 
lege as a first choice may wish to apply tor 

admission under the Early Decision Plan. 
[ Inder this plan the student agrees to ac- 
cept an < )lfer i >1 admissii >n, if it is extended 
by the Committee on Admissions, The 
College in return agrees to announce 
its decision by December 1. 

Interested candidates should request an 
Early Decision form along with regular 
application materials, early in the tall sem 
ester oi the seni< >r year. The candidate may 
apply to other colleges but musi agree to 
withdraw those applications if notified 
( >f acceptance by Man' Washingn >n. 

The application form, die Early Decision 
form, the transcript, and results of die- 
Scholastic Aptitude Test should be submit- 
ted to the College before November 1. 
The Committee on Admissi< »ns will re- 
view die materials and n< >tify the applicant 
by December 1. Achievement tests may be 
completed during the senior year. 

Should die Committee not act favorably 
on an early decision request, die appli- 
cant's file will remain active, and the Com- 
mittee will reconsider it alter the candi- 
date submits additional grades and/or 
scores at die end of the fall semester. 

64 Admission before High School Graduation 
Transfers from Other Colleges 

Admission before High 
School Graduation 

Selected students with exceptional ability 
can enroll at Mary Washington College 
before they have graduated from high 
school under one of three plans. 

Admission to the Summer Ses- 
sion. A high school senior whose level 
of intellectual and personal maturity and 
academic promise is of the highest caliber 
is eligible to apply to the summer session. 
A principal or guidance counselor must 
recommend the student. 

After consulting the principal or guidance 
counselor, the student submits a summer 
session application. If accepted, the stu- 
dent takes the same courses and course 
load as any freshman student. Credit and 
grades earned are added to the students 
permanent record at Mary Washington. 

Admission to the summer session, for any 
student, does not constitute admission 
to the regular session. A student who 
wishes to earn a Man' Washington degree 
applies, using the regular procedure, dur- 
ing the first semester of the senior year. 

Admission to Part-Time Study 
during the Regular Session. Qual- 
ified seniors in an area high school who 
wish to supplement their academic loads 
in the senior year may apply for admis- 
sion as part-time students. 

The candidate submits the special student 
application, a high school transcript, and 
a letter of recommendation for this pro- 
gram from the principal or director of 

Admission after the Junior Year. 

This program, in which the student enters 
as a full-time freshman after the junior 
year in high school, is designed for a 
small number of exceptionally qualified 
students who have completed almost 
all of the 16 credits required for 

To be considered, a candidate must have 
all required credits in mathematics, 
science, and foreign language. Most 
commonly, the student has at the end of 
the junior year only one unit in English 
and one in social science to complete. 

The admission procedure is the same as 
for a regular candidate, except that the 
student usually applies in the spring. The 
student presents Scholastic Aptitude Test 
results with the applications, and must 
submit Achievement Test results before 

Such a student needs all the materials 
required of a regular candidate; in 
addition, the high school counselor will 
be asked to speak directly to the question 
of the student's maturity. The Admissions 
Committee examines the application 
using the same criteria as for a senior, 
with the addition of the statement of 

The College advises the student to 
complete the last high school units in 
summer school, if possible. 

A Virginia student can arrange with the 
secondary school principal to be 
graduated from high school at the end 
of the freshman year at Mary Washington 
by using College courses to fulfill a 
maximum of two high school credits. 

Transfers from Other 

The Admissions Committee makes its de- 
cision on transfer students on the basis of 
the application, a high school transcript, 
transcripts of all college work, and the 
Scholastic Aptitude Test. 

Candidates may be considered for trans- 
fer admission if they are entitled to 
honorable dismissal without academic 
or social probation in the last institution 

Residence Requirement for 
Transfer Credit. To be eligible for a 
Mary Washington degree, a student must 
be enrolled on campus the last semester 
and earn 30 semester hours of credits 
from the College. Also, at least three- 
fourths of the major program must be 
earned at the College. Full information on 
transfer credit is given under "Academic 
Regulations and Policies." A preliminary 
evaluation of transfer credit may be made 
by the Dean of Admissions and Financial 
Aid, but all final decisions are made by the 
Office of the Dean. Transfer credit is made 
a pan of the permanent record when the 
student has completed one semester s 
work at Mary Washington College. 

Procedure. The Dean of Admissions 
and Financial Aid will send a prospective 
transfer student an application and a sec- 
ondary school transcript form. The stu- 
dent must complete and return the appli- 
cation and arrange for the high school 
transcript form to be completed and sent 
by appropriate secondary school official. 
He must also arrange for transcripts to be 
sent from all colleges he has attended. 

A transfer applicant is urged to submit all 
materials early in the first semester of the 
year prior to transfer. The Committee on 
Admissions will make a preliminary 
evaluation of this information and a final 
decision upon receipt of the first semes- 
ter or quarter grades. 

Examination. A candidate must submit 
the results of the Scholastic Aptitude Test, 
normally included on the high school 
transcript. A candidate who cannot meet 
these testing requirements should consult 
with the Dean of Admissions and Finan- 
cial Aid for advice about appropriate 

Committee Review. The Committee 
considers many factors in judging 
whether the transfer candidate can suc- 
ceed at Mary Washington College, but 
puts particular emphasis on tine program 
and academic achievement in the last 
college attended. 

Fees and Deposits. These are the 
same as for students entering directly 
from high school. 

Servicemen's Opportunities 
Program. Mary Washington College is a 
member of the Servicemen's Opportunity 
College (SOC) network, a group of more 
than 300 colleges and universities com- 
mitted to making post-secondary educa- 
tion more readily available to mobile 
military personnel through cooperation 
on admission, transfer of credits, and res- 
idency requirements. The SOC program 
makes it easier for service personnel to 
transfer college credits between MWC and 
other participating institutions, and to 
earn their degrees at the College. (Mary 
Washington's degree requirements 
specify that the student must complete 122 
credit hours of college work, yet only 30 
of those hours must be taken as "resident 
credit" — in courses taught by MWC fac- 
ulty members, mostly in the student's 
major field.) More specific information 
about the SOC program may be obtained 
from die Office of the Dean. 

Senior Citizens 

Under the provisions of the Senior Citi- 
zens Higher Education Act of 1974, legal 
residents of Virginia 60 years of age and 
older may take or audit courses at State- 
supported colleges at reduced rates, 
provided space is available. 

Senior citizeas should request informa- 
tion about application procedures from 
the Dean of Admissions and Financial Aid. 

Transfers from Other Colleges 

Senior Citizens 

Continuing at College 


Continuing at the College 

Regularly enrolled Mary Washington stu- 
dents are asked to indicate each year their 
intention to return for the fall session. A 
form is mailed early in the second semes- 
ter and must be returned by a specified 
deadline with a $10 processing fee and a 
$100 room deposit for dormitory stu- 
dents, or a $50 fee deposit for commuting 
students. The form and r<x>m deposit 
must be returned by the deadline if resi- 
dential space is to be guaranteed. 

Students whose completed forms and 
deposits are received after the deadline 
may be placed on a waiting list for resi- 
dential accommodations. 

The $10 processing fee is non-refundable; 
the $100 deposit or $50 fee deposit is 
applied to the student's account for the 
following session. It is not normally re- 
fundable after a specified deadline unless 
the student is ineligible to continue, or 
unless the Comptroller and Dean of 
Admissions and Financial Aid agree that 
unusual circumstances justify a refund. 

Although the College makes every effort 
to furnish forms for returning students 
directly to enrolled students, it is the re- 
sponsibility of die individual student t< > 
file die form. These forms and instruc- 
tions are available from die Dean of 
Admissions and Financial Aid. 

66 Returning After Leave of Absence 
Medical Examination 

Returning After Leave of 

A student who wishes to return after a 
leave of absence should write the Dean of 
Admissions and Financial Aid and ask for 
the appropriate form. The form is re- 
turned with a $10 processing fee and the 
room or fee deposit, under the same 
conditions as regularly enrolled students 
who wish to continue at the College. 

Unless there is an exceptional circum- 
stance, students who take leaves of ab- 
sence from the College can expect to 
be re-enrolled without difficulty. They 
should apply as soon as possible, espe- 
cially if they wish residential accommo- 

Returning After Withdrawal. A 

student who withdraws from the College 
during the semester or at the end of a 
semester is not automatically re-enrolled, 
but must submit a form to the Dean of 
Admissions and Financial Aid indicating 
a desire to return to Mary Washington. 
Work taken at another institution as well 
as that at Mary Washington, will be taken 
into consideration by the Committee 
on Admissions. 

Returning After Suspension. A 

student suspended from the College for 
other than academic deficiency, should 
contact the Dean of Admissions and 
Financial Aid for appropriate forms. 

Students suspended for academic de- 
ficiencies will not be considered eligible 
to return until they have been away from 
the College for at least two semesters (the 
full summer session counting as a semes- 
ter). Upon receipt of the appropriate 
form, the Dean of Admissions and Finan- 
cial Aid will consult with the Dean of the 
College. In addition, the student must 
meet with the Dean of the College to 
draw up a schedule of return to good 
academic standing. 

Medical Examination 

All entering students who intend to reside 
on campus must present a certificate from 
a physician stating that they have had a re- 
cent physical examination. A form for the 
doctor's use is enclosed with the offer of 
admission and must be completed after 
April 1 and returned not later than July 15. 

Fees and Assistance 

70 Semester Fees and Expenses 

Semester Fees and 

The fee schedule below is for the regular 
session, 1978-79, and is subject to revision 
for the 1979-80 session. The summer 
session fee schedule is announced in 
the summer session bulletin. 

Questions about fees and payment pro- 
cedures should be directed to the Com- 
ptroller, Room 111, George Washington 

Questions about financial assistance and 
general college expenses should be 
forwarded to the Dean of Admissions 
and Financial Aid, Room 303, George 
Washington Hall. 

Full-time Residential Students. 

Any student carrying 12 semester credit 
hours or more is a full-time student. 

The residential fee includes infirmary services; 
however, any prescribed medication is charged to 
the student's account. 

The board charge includes three meals a day, seven 

days a week, throughout the academic session. All 

residential students 

must participate in the board plan; no 

partial plans are available. 

Full-time Non Residential 

1978-79 Fees 

Year Total 

Per Semester 

1978-79 Fees 

Year Total 

Per Semester 






$ 788.00 

$ 394.00 


$ 788.00 

$ 394.00 

















$ 870.00 

$ 435.00 






Year Total 

Per Semester 

Year Total 

Per Semester 







$ 816.50 



$ 816.50 




















$ 857.50 






Part-time Students. Part-time stu- 
dents register for fewer than 12 semester 
credit hours. Virginia students are 
charged $28 per credit hour and non- 
Virginia students, $56 per credit hour. 

Students participating in the off-campus 
teacher training program who are part- 
time are charged on the basis of the 
number of credits for which die student 
is enrolled at Mary Washington. A non- 
refundable fee of $100 is charged at the 
time a student-teaching application is 
submitted and will be credited to the ac- 
count if the student enrolls in the course. 

Part-time students are not ordinarily eligi- 
ble for infirmary or dining hall services, 
or admission to those events covered by 
the Comprehensive Fee. A part-time stu- 
dent may participate in one or all of these 
services by paying the appropriate fee at 
registration. Use of these services will 
depend on their availability at the time 
of the request. 

Application Fee. An application fee of 
$10 must accompany every application for 
admission from a new or a continuing 
student. This fee is applied to the cost of 
processing the application for admission 
or the form for continuance. It is entirely 
separate from other fees, is not refunda- 
ble, and cannot be deducted from other 

Contingent Fee. A full-time student 
must pay a $25 contingent fee in addition 
to the fees outlined above. It is included 
each year in the bill for the first semester 
the student is on campus, and is due with 
the first payment. 

Each student is held responsible for the 
care and preservation of College property 
and, as far as possible, all damage to 
buildings and equipment will be repaired 
at die expense of the student causing such 
damage. The contingent fee is also used 
to cover any existing balance in the stu- 
dent's account at the end of the year. Any 
unused portion of the condngent fee is 
returned at the end of the year. 

Audit Fee. Part-dme students may audit 
a course for no credit on a space available 
basis for a fee of $20 per course. 

Credit by Examination. Degree 
seeking students may take special or indi- 
vidually prepared examinadons for which 
credit is awarded for a fee of $45. 

Bachelor of Liberal Studies 
Life/ Work Portfolio. BLS candidates 
will pay a fee for the review of dieir life/ 
work portfolio. 

Riding Fee. Classes in horsemanship 
are available, and require payment of a 
special instructional fee. 

Late Registration Fee. Any student 
whose registradon is not completed by 
the announced deadline will be charged 
a $25 late registradon fee. 

Semester Fees and Expenses 71 

Returned Check Fee. There is a ser- 
vice charge of $7.50 for each check re- 
turned for iasufficient funds or similar 
reasoas. A cashier s check is then required 
in place of the returned check. 

Senior Citizens. A legal resident of 
Virginia 60 years of age or older may take- 
courses at Mary Washington at re- 
duced rates provided space is available. 
A resident having a taxable income not 
exceeding $5,000 for federal income tax 
purposes for the preceding year may en- 
roll in courses for credit or non-credit or 
may audit credit courses (attend classes 
without receiving grades) at no charge. A 
Virginia senior cidzen with federal taxable 
income levels exceeding $5,000 may audit 
credit courses or enroll in non-credit 
courses without paying general college 
fees, but must pay general college fees in 
order to take courses for college credit. 
The applicadon fee of $10 will be charged 
an applicant whose taxable income ex- 
ceeds $5,000. A senior cidzen may enroll 
in a maximum of three credit or non- 
credit courses per semester with no limit 
to the number of semesters. 

For complete informadon contact die 
Dean of Admissions and Financial Aid, 
Box 1098, College Stadon, Fredericks- 
burg, Virginia 22401. Telephone ("03) 
373-7250, Ext. 281. 

72 Terms of Payment 

Terms of Payment 

All fees, including room and board, are 
billed and payable in advance by the 

Room and Tuition Deposits. After 
notification of acceptance for admission 
or continuance by the Dean of Admis- 
sions and Financial Aid, a deposit of $100 
is required of a residential student, and a 
$50 deposit is required of a nonresiden- 
tial student. No student will be assigned a 
residence hall room until this payment 
has been received. These deposits are not 
normally refundable after a specified 
deadline and are applied to the fees 
for the regular session immediately 

Exceptions to the policy will be made 
only in the most unusual circumstances, 
as determined by the Comptroller and the 
Dean of Admissions and Financial Aid. 

Statements and Due Dates. Each 
student is mailed a statement well in ad- 
vance of the beginning of each semester 
and payment is due by the date specified 
on the statement. Any variations from the 
terms of payment listed below must be 
approved in writing by the Comptroller 
prior to the due dates. 

If a full-time student has not received a 
statement of charges and fees by three 
weeks prior to the beginning of the 
semester, the student should notify the 
Office of the Comptroller as soon as pos- 
sible, so that a statement can be prepared, 
mailed, and the account paid by the due 

A late payment fee of $25 will be charged 
to any student whose full payment has 
not been received in the Office of the 
Comptroller by the due date. 

At the end of the semester a student's ac- 
count will include any charges incurred 
for library fines, lost books, parking tick- 
ets, drug costs, lost keys, building and 
equipment damage, and any other miscel- 
laneous charges not covered by the con- 
tingent fee. At this time, any student 
whose full account has not been settled 
will not be permitted to take exams, re- 
ceive grades or transcripts, or be eligible 
to return to the College until the account 
is settled. 

Scholarship and Loan Awards. If a 

student is receiving financial aid through 
Mary Washington College, one half the 
annual award will be shown on each 
semester statement. If an award has not 
been credited on the statement, notify the 
Office of the Comptroller immediately so 
that a revised bill may be prepared. 

If a student is receiving financial aid from 
a source other than the College, it is the 
student's responsibility to insure that 
notification of the award, its amount, and 
method of payment have been received 
in the Office of the Comptroller by the 
statement due date. Failure to provide 
such notification could result in a stu- 
dent's account being delinquent. 

Delinquent Accounts. Any charge in- 
curred in collecting a delinquent account 
will be added to the account. This applies, 
but is not limited to, charges by an attor- 
ney or collection agency. 

Refund of Fees. A student who with- 
draws from the College during the semes- 
ter should notify the Office of the Dean 
immediately upon withdrawal and com- 
plete the withdrawal form. A copy of the 
form will be sent to the Office of the 
Comptroller and will serve as the basis for 
withdrawal charges and credits. 

All students, full- or part-time, residential 
or nonresidential, must withdraw through 
the Office of the Dean. Adjustment of 
charges and credits may be made only 
by the Office of the Comptroller. 

The following charges are applicable 
for students withdrawing during the 

withdrawal Charges 

Semester Basis lst/15th l6th/55th After 55th 
day of day of day of 

semester semester semester 

Tuition 20% of 50% of Full 

semester semester semester 
charge charge charge 

Residential $100 50% of Full 

Fee* semester semester 

charge charge 

Comprehensive 20% of 50% of Full 

Fee semester semester semester 

charge charge charge 

Board Fee See Below 

Board Fee. Charges will be assessed on the basis 
of the number of days in residence at the prevailing 
board rate for the semester in which the student 

*For the purpose of determining withdrawal 
charges, the semester begins with the first day of 
classes. A residential student withdrawing prior to 
the first day of classes will be charged the $100 
room deposit and board at the prevailing daily rate. 

Classification as a Virginia 

The following explanation of who is eligi- 
ble to receive reduced tuition charges is a 
direct quote from die Code of Virginia, 
Section 23-7 as amended. It became 
effective July 1, 1977. 

For the purposes of this section, the 
domicile of an unemancipated minor may 
be the domicile of either parent; provided 
however, that if one parent has custody, 
the domicile of an unemancipated minor 
shall be the domicile of die parent having 
custody. If diere is no surviving parent or 
die whereabouts of die parents are un- 
known, dien die domicile of an uneman- 
cipated minor shall be the domicile of die 
legal guardian of such unemancipated 
minor if there are no circumstances indi- 
cating diat such guardianship was created 
primarily for die purpose of conferring a 
Virginia domicile on such unemancipated 

Except as provided in Section 23-7.2, no 
person in attendance at a State institution 
of higher education shall be entitled to 
reduced tuition charges unless such per- 
son is and has been domiciled in Virginia 
for a period of at least one year im- 
mediately prior to the commencement of 
die term, semester or quarter for which 
any such reduced tuition charge is sought. 

A person who enrolls in any such iastitu- 
tion while not domiciled in Virginia does 
not become entitled to reduced tuition 
charges by mere presence of residence in 
Virginia. In order to become so entided, 
any such person must establish that, one 
year before the date of alleged entide- 
ment, he or she was at least eighteen 
years of age, or if under die age of eight- 
een, was an emancipated minor, and he 
had abandoned his or her old domicile 
and was present in Virginia with the un- 
qualified intention of remaining in Vir- 
ginia for die period immediately after 
leaving such institution and indefinitely 

A person who is classified or classifiable at 
the date of his or her marriage as eligible 
to receive the privileges herein described, 
may receive or continue to receive such 
privileges until he or she abandons his or 
her Virginia domicile other than through 
any presumption of law attaching to the 
ceremony of marriage. 

Classification as a Virginia Student 73 

A Student who is not a member of die 
armed forces and who is not otherwise 
eligible for reduced tuition charges and 
whose spouse or parent is a member of 
die armed f< >rces stationed in this State 
pursuant to military orders shall be enti- 
tled to reduced tuition charges if such 
spouse or either parent, for a period of at 
least one year immediately prior to and at 
the time of die commencement < >i tJ le 
term, semester, or quarter for which re- 
duced tuition charges are sought, has re- 
sided in Virginia, been employed full-time 
and paid personal income taxes to Vir- 
ginia. Such student shall be eligible for 
reduced tuition through such parent 
under this section only if he or she is 
claimed as a dependent for Virginia and 
federal income tax purposes. Such stu- 
dent shall be entitled to reduced tuition 
charges so long as such parent or spouse 
continues to reside in Virginia, to be 
employed full-time and to pay personal 
income taxes to Virginia. 

Entitlement to reduced tuition charges 
must be established by convincing evi- 
dence and die burden of establishing enti- 
tlement shall be on die person claiming 
such entitlement. 

The State Council of Higher Education for 

Virginia shall, in conjunction with die Of- 
fice of die Attorney General, seek to en- 
sure diat all State institutions of higher 
education will apply uniform criteria in 
determining eligibility for reduced tuition 

74 Financial Aid 

Financial Aid 

Mary Washington College provides grants, 
loans, work assignments or combinations 
of these to students who demonstrate a 
need for financial assistance in meeting 
college expenses. More than 300 students 
share nearly $1,000,000 in financial assis- 
tance each year at Mary Washington. 

Recipients of assistance are selected on 
the basis of financial need and academic 
merit, except for recipients of the Re- 
gional Scholarship, which is based solely 
on merit. Financial assistance is provided 
without regard to race, color, religion, 
physical disability, national origin, political 
affiliation, marital status, sex, or age. In 
order to be eligible for federal and state 
assistance, students must be making satis- 
factory academic progress in college. This 
means that the student must remain eligi- 
ble to enroll as a student with at least half- 
time status. Part-time students, registered 
for fewer than six hours per semester, are 
not eligible for consideration. Where the 
financial needs of the applicants exceed 
available College resources, those appli- 
cants who demonstrate the greatest need 
will be given priority. 

Awards, ranging from $100 to amounts 
covering fees, books, and tuition are 
made for an academic session. The Col- 
lege reserves the right to adjust the aid 
offer if a student's financial situation is 
changed by an award or job received sub- 
sequently from outside sources, or by a 
material improvement in the finances of 
the applicant or applicant's family. Finan- 
cial aid from Mary Washington College is 
not available to students who are studying 
abroad. A returning student must re-apply 
for financial assistance every year, and the 
amount of aid may vary depending upon 
the parents' financial circumstances, the 
amount of resources available to the Col- 
lege, and the student's academic record. 

All assistance awarded is based on dem- 
onstrated financial need as determined by 
the College Scholarship Service (CSS) of 
which the College is a member. A depen- 
dent or independent student seeking 
such assistance must file with the CSS a 
completed copy of the Financial Aid Form 

The FAF may be obtained from a secon- 
dary school or from the CSS, Box 1" 7 6, 
Princeton, New Jersey 08540. 

For incoming freshmen and transfer stu- 
dents, March 1 is the deadline for the Col- 
lege's receipt of the FAF Therefore, an 
applicant should file this form with the 
CSS by February 1. Once the College has 
received the FAF, it will send the student 
an Application for Financial Assistance 
which must be returned within two 
weeks. Award notifications are sent in 

A currently enrolled student must file 
both the College's Application for Assis- 
tance and the FAF by April 15. These forms 
are available in the Office of Admissions 
and Financial Aid. 

A candidate for early decision, whose 
completed application is received prior to 
November 1, will be notified of his award 
by December 1. For the College to receive 
the FAF by November 1, the applicant 
should file this form with the College 
Scholarship Service not later than 
October 1. 

Applicants seeking Basic Educational Op- 
portunity Grant assistance should indicate 
this on the FAF There is no charge for 
processing this application. A Virginia 
applicant is required to apply for the 
College Scholarship Assistance Program 
by requesting that an analysis of his FAF 
be sent to the Virginia State Council of 
Higher Education, code 0068, prior to 
March 31 

Ownership or control of a motor vehicle 
by a student receiving financial aid is con- 
sidered to be an indication of increased 
overall financial strength. Therefore, the 
Blue Book value of the vehicle and the 
operating costs are ordinarily added to 
the student's capital assets, and his finan- 
cial aid is usually reduced somewhat. A 
student receiving financial aid who plans 
to have a motor vehicle on campus must 
receive prior approval from the Office of 
Admissions and Financial Aid. Permission 
is granted generally only for reasons of 
health or academic necessity. 

Students receiving financial assistance are 
expected to help themselves through 
part-time and summer employment and 
by borrowing against future earnings. 
Students receiving aid in 1978-79 are ex- 
pected to contribute to college costs from 
19^8 summer earnings as follows: 
Freshmen — $500: sophomores — $600: 
juniors and seniors — $^00. Summer 
employment contributions are subject to 
revision annuallv. 

College Scholarships and 

All scholarship and grant recipients must maintain 
at least good standing or better, as stipulated by the 
scholarship, and make normal progress toward a 

Regional Scholarship Program. Bach spring, 
alumni committees select 25 outstanding and 
promising entering freshmen students as Re- 
gional Scholars, 20 of whom will come from 
Virginia's 10 Congressional Districts and five from 
among out-of-state nominees. These scholars re- 
ceive four-year $1,000 honor scholarships in recog- 
nition of superior academic preparation and poten- 
tial for achievement. To retain this scholarship, a 
student must maintain a grade point average of 2.5 
during the freshman year and 3.0 in subsequent 
years to be eligible for consideration. Students 
must be nominated by their high school principals 
or guidance counselors before they may apply for 
their scholarships. Deadline for nomination is De- 
cember 15. An applicant for the scholarship must 
also be an applicant for admission. For further in- 
formation, please write the Regional Scholarship 
Program, Office of Admissions and Financial Aid. 

Lalla Gresham Ball Scholarships. These 
scholarships were established by Mrs. Jessie Ball 
duPont in memory of her mother. An applicant 
must reside in one of the following counties of Vir- 
ginia: King George, Westmoreland, Northumber- 
land, Richmond, Lancaster, Essex, or King and 
Queen. These scholarships may be renewed 
annually provided tine recipient maintains good 
academic standing (a C or 2.0 overall average) and 
demonstrates financial need. 

Mary Washington College Anonymous 
Scholarships. These scholarships are awarded 
annually to students in need of financial assistance, 
and who maintains an overall C average. 

State Scholarships. These scholarships are 
awarded by the College on the basis of de- 
monstrated financial need to regular full-time 
students who are legal residents of Virginia. 

Davison Foreman Foundation Grants. 

Through a generous gift from the Davison-Foreman 
Foundation, the College is able to award a number 
of grants based upon need and academic potential, 
with preference given to out-of-state students. 
Students majoring in dance are not eligible for 

Chi Beta Phi Scholarships. This national hon- 
orary scientific fraternity awards annual scholar- 
ships to outstanding students majoring in science 
or mathematics. Preference is given to members 
of Chi Beta Phi. 

Carol E. Casto Memorial Scholarship 
Fund. Established by Mr. and Mrs. Harold J. Casto, 
in memory of their daughter, this gift of at least 
half of the cost of the general college and compre- 
hensive fees is awarded annually to a resident of 
Virginia. Although preference is given to applicants 
from Arlington County, students from other coun- 
ties in Virginia may apply. 

The Chandler Scholarship. Algernon B. 
Chandler, President of Mary Washington from 1919 
to 1928, bequeathed a sum to the College. The 
proceeds are used toward the education of a junior 
or senior selected on the basis of scholarship and 

Ann Elizabeth Fitschen Memorial Political 
Science Award. Established by gifts from family, 
friends, and classmates of Ann Elizabeth Fitschen 
'75, a cash award is made annually to the senior 
majoring in Political Science with the best academic 
average, as determined by the faculty of the De- 
partment of Economics and Political Science. An 
additional sum is presented annually to the De- 
partment, on behalf of the recipient, to be spent at 
the discretion of the Chairman. 

The Michael Houston Memorial Fund. Es- 
tablished in 1973 in memory of Michael Houston, 
the first Vice President of the College and Associate 
Professor of History, scholarships are awarded to 
students whose parents are among the classified 
personnel of the College 

The Thomas Howard and Elizabeth 
Merchant lardy Endowment Fund. This 
fund was established in 1962 by Mrs. Ida Elizabeth 
Tardy. Income from the endowment is used 
primarily to aid students descended from James R. 
Tardy and his wife, Mary M. Tardy, and from William 
H. Merchant and his wife, Belle Ashby Merchant. 

Jeannine Mary Pfeifle Scholarship. In 

memory of Jeannine Mary Pfeifle, class of 19^9, this 
$500 scholarship is awarded each year by a College 
selection committee to a rising senior who is a U.S. 
citizen. Specifically and in descending order of 
priority, the recipient shall be a daughter of a 
U.S. Marine serviceman, daughter of a LIS. Navy 
serviceman, the son of a U.S. Marine serviceman 
or the son of a U.S. Naw serviceman. 

College Scholarships and Grants 

Carrol H. Quenzel Memorial Scholarship 
Fund. Established in memory of Dr. Carrol 1 1 
Quenzel, former Mary Washington Librarian and 
Professor of History, these annual scholarships arc- 
awarded to deserving |unior and senior students 
Preference is given first to those who worked in 
the previi ius semester or who are working in 
the current semester in the Library, and next, 
to students majoring in history. 

Lynn Ruby Memorial Scholarship. 

Established in memory of Lynn Ruby 68, tins award 
is available first to graduates of Woodbridge Senior 
Lligh School, WcxxJbridge, Virginia, and then to 
residents of the State of Ohio 

Minnie Rob Phaup Memorial Scholarship. 

Established in memory of Minnie Rob Phaup, 
former member of the Mary Washington G)llege 
faculty, this scholarship may be awarded to an 
outstanding junior or senior in psychology or for 
graduate study in psychology. 

Maurine Arnott Scholarship. This scholarship 

was established by a bequest from Maurine Arnott 
to aid worth)' and needy students, with preference 
given to female students. 

Ann Elizabeth Collins Memorial Art Award. 

Established in memory of Ann Elizabeth Collins 73, 
by friends, relatives, and faculty, this award is given 
annually to the student who has the greatest 
potential for pen and ink drawings and graphics 
The recipient is selected by members of the 
Department of Art, and the award is presented at 
the Student Art Show or another appropriate 
recognition event. 

Martin Luther King Memorial 
Scholarship. Established by members of die 
College community following the .issassinauon of 
Dr King, this scholarship is awarded to a financially 
needy student selected by the Office of Admissions 
and Financial Aid. 

Albert R. Klein Memorial Scholarship. 

This sch« ilarship was established in memon ol 
Dr. Albert R. Klein, former Chairman of the 
Department of Dramatic Arts and Speech. 
Preference is given to students pursuing a major 
or concentration in drama i ir speech 

76 Federal and State Grants 
Student Employment 

Federal and State Grants 

Basic Educational Opportunity Grant. The 

Basic Educational Opportunity Grant Program was 
designed by the Federal government to provide fi- 
nancial assistance for those who without such assis- 
tance could not attend college. Basic grants are in- 
tended to be the floor of a financial aid package and 
may be combined with other forms of aid to meet 
the cost of education. The amount of a Basic Grant 
is determined by student and family financial 

Unlike a loan, a Basic Grant (BEOG) does not have 
to be repaid. Awards range between $200 and 
$1,600. Applications are available in the secondary 
schools and in the College's Office of Admissions 
and Financial Aid, or application may be made by 
submitting an FAF to the CSS. 

Supplementary Educational Opportunity 
Grants. Established by the Higher Education Act 
of 1965 and subsequent amendments, these grants 
of $200 to $1,500 are awarded to students having 
exceptional financial need who otherwise would 
not be able to attend the College. These awards 
must be equally matched by other College aid. 
Recipients must maintain satisfactory academic 

The Virginia College Scholarship Assis- 
tance Program Grant. The Virginia College 
Scholarship Assistance Program provides need- 
based grants to Virginia students enrolled in Vir- 
ginia public and private institutions of higher learn- 
ing. The program's purpose is to serve as one 
means of guaranteeing that financial conditions will 
not prevent the Commonwealth's college-age stu- 
dents from gaining access to higher education. Ap- 
plications usually must be filed no later than March 
31 with the State Council of Higher Education for 
Virginia, and this agency must also be designated a 
recipient of the Virginia Financial Aid Form (VFAF) 
with a postmark deadline of not later than March 31- 
Applications are available in secondary schools and 
in the College's Office of Admissions and Financial 


MWC Student Aid Discretionary Loan 
Fund. Established in 1971 by the Cap and Gown 
Chapter of Mortar Board, this fund assists currently 
enrolled students in need of a cash sum. Contact 
the Office of the Dean of Admissions and Financial 
Aid for further information on these small, interest- 
free, short-term loans. 

The National Direct Student Loan Pro- 
gram. Funds for this program are provided jointly 
by the Federal government and the College. A 
borrower must carry at least six credit hours per 
semester, need the amount awarded, be capable of 
maintaining satisfactory academic progress, and be 
a citizen or permanent resident of the United States. 
The amount of each loan is determined by the As- 
sistant Dean of Admissions and Financial Aid upon 
review of the Financial Aid Form. 

No interest on the loan will accrue to the beginning 
of the repayment period, which begins nine 
months from the date the borrower ceases to carry 
at least six credit hours per semester. Interest 
thereafter is paid at the rate of three percent annu- 
ally on the unpaid balance. 

The Guaranteed Student Loan Program. 

The Guaranteed Student Loan Program allows elig- 
ible students to borrow funds to meet college ex- 
penses at an interest rate lower than that for most 
conventional commercial bank loans. The major 
purpose of the Guaranteed Student Loan Program 
is to provide loans to students from middle income 
families who do not qualify for assistance from 
other sources. Commercial banks, savings and loan 
associations, credit unions and other similar lend- 
ing institutions participate in this program. In most 
cases, the maximum a lending institution will allow 
a student to borrow is $2,000 per academic year. To 
be eligible a student must be a United States na- 
tional, be enrolled in or plan to enroll in six or 
more credit hours of work and be in good 
academic standing. Application for these loans is 
made directly with the lending institution. Families 
with adjusted gross income of $25,000 or less are 
eligible to procure the loan interest free while the 
student is enrolled in college. 

Virginia Education Loan Authority. Created 
by the State of Virginia to provide loans to eligible 
students who are unable to secure Guaranteed Stu- 
dent Loans from private lenders. Loans are gener- 
ally interest free and are provided only to students 
and not their parents. Applications are available in 
the Office of Admissions and Financial Aid. 

Student Employment 

The College offers many opportunities for part- 
time employment. Demonstrated need and the 
ability to perform the job are primary factors in 
awarding an assignment. It is not necessary to dem- 
onstrate financial need to be eligible for campus 
employment. Most positions, which include those 
in the Library, residence halls, laboratories, dining 
hall, and faculty offices, pay about $750 to $950 for 
the nine-month session. Inquiries should be di- 
rected to the Office of Admissions and Financial 
Aid, Box 1098, College Station, Fredericksburg, 
Virginia 22401. The office is located in Room 303, 
George Washington Hall. Application for student 
employment should be made by March 31. 

College Work-Study Program. Employment is 
available through this program to qualified full-time 
students and those carrying at least six credit hours 
per semester, who have demonstrated financial 
need. Students usually work from 10 to 15 hours 
per week either in on-campus or off-campus pro- 
grams. Opportunities are also available for full-time 
summer employment in public or other non-profit 
organizations throughout the State. Net earnings 
from this program, called The Virginia Program, are 
to be used in meeting college expenses. CWS re- 
sources are awarded to students who demonstrate 
the greatest financial need. Address inquiries to the 
Office of Admissions and Financial Aid, Box 1098, 
College Station, Fredericksburg, Virginia 22401. The 
office is located in Room 303, George Washington 

Special Forms of Assistance 

Special Forms of 

Special funds, not administered by the Office of 
Admissioas and Financial Aid, are available to assist 
students with their academic pursuiis as follows 

Richard S. Cross Grants for Under- 
graduate Research. Established by the late 
Richard S. Crass, a member of the Q)llege's first 
Board of Visitors, and supported by the generosity 
of his family, these grants are available to support 
student research projects which have been ap- 
proved for academic credit by the departments and 
by the appropriate College committee. Further in- 
formation may be obtained from the Dean of the 

The GreDet C. Simpson International 
Scholarship (for study abroad). Given by the 

Alumni Association in honor of the retirement of 
College President Grellet C Simpson, this award 
carries a stipend of a maximum of $2,500 for up to a 
year's study abroad. Interested students who have 
completed 36 credit hours at Mary Washington Col- 
lege should submit a proposed program of study 
and budget to the Dean of the College. 

Annie Fleming Smith Scholarship Fund. 

This scholarship was established by Mrs Elsie Ball 
Bowley in memory of Mrs. Annie Fleming Smith, 
whose efforts made possible the preservation of 
Kenmore, the home of George Washington's sister. 
The recipient must devote to the Kenmore Associa- 
tion as much time and service as the authorities of 
Mary Washington prescribe. In awarding this schol- 
arship, primary consideration is given to students 
from the Virginia Northern Neck, consisting of King 
George, Westmoreland, Richmond, Lancaster, and 
Northumberland counties. Inquiries should be 
addressed to the Dean of the College. 

Lt. General Albert J. Bowley Scholarship 
Fund. This scholarship was established by Mrs 
Elsie Ball Bowley in memory of her husband. Lt 
General Albert.!. Bowley, a distinguished officer of 
the L'nited States Army. The recipient is to devote to 
the James Monroe Memorial Library as much time 
and service as die authorities of Man Washington 
College prescribe. Consideration is first given to 
juniors and seniors who are daughters ot sen ice 
personnel, and then to students from foreign coun- 
tries (.preferably Latin Americans), or to upper- 
classmen whose major interests and work lie in the 
fields of history or political science. Inquiries 
should be addressed to the Dean of the College. 




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1 ^Ifttf 



" T T 1 


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-■■■ ■ . . -- 

The Campus 

80 A Walking Tour 

A diking Tour 

The campus buildings, in traditional red- 
brick and white-columned, neo-classical 
style, are set on 275 acres thickly planted 
with dogwood, magnolias, boxwood, 
holly, and flowering fruit trees. Much of 
the campus is still wooded. 

A map and legend of the campus follow. 
By using the map and this description, 
visitors to campus can conduct their 
own self-guided tours. 

Just inside the main gates on College 
Avenue, the large building to the right is 
Combs Science Hall, a modern, four-story 
science classroom and laboratory. It 
provides lecture rooms, offices, and 
laboratories for the departments of biol- 
ogy, chemistry; geology; mathematics, 
computer science and statistics; and 
physics and astronomy. Forming a half 
circle with it are two of the newest resi- 
dence halls — Jefferson and Bushnell. A 
walk behind Jefferson leads to Framar, 
built as a private home and now serving 
as a small residence hall. 

To the right, past Bushnell and down the 
hill toward Sunken Road, are two larger 
residence halls, Marshall and Russell, and 
Brent, a small house that serves as the 
French House. 

Moving west on the main College drive, 
the visitor sees George Washington Hall 
on the left. This is the administration 
building, with the offices of the President, 
the Vice Presidents, the Dean of the Col- 
lege, the Comptroller, the Office of Ad- 
missions and Financial Aid, the Dean of 
Student Services, and other administrative 
services. It houses the College s largest 
auditorium, seating 1,600. 

To the right on Campus Drive, opposite 
George Washington Hall, are the twin res- 
idence halls, Mason and Randolph, and 
behind them Marye Hall, a small house 
used as the Spanish House. 

Next on the right is the E. Lee Trinkle Li- 
brary, the heart of the liberal arts campus. 
The library is exceptionally strong, with 
more than 250,000 volumes, all on open 
stacks. Students find it a favorite place to 
study. Its own collections are supple- 
mented with an active inter-library loan 
system for faculty research. 

Directly opposite the library is Westmore- 
land, a residence hall, and behind it, fac- 
ing College Avenue, are two small houses. 
One of these, Hamlet House, serves as 
a residence hall, and the other, Fairfax 
House, houses the Alumni Association. 

Continuing down Campus Drive, next to 
Westmoreland, is Ball Circle, the large, 
grassy area where graduation is held each 
May. At the left of Ball Circle is the com- 
plex commonly known as Tri-Unit, with 
Ball Hall in the center and two smaller 
halls, Madison and Custis, at each side. At 
the back of the circle is Chandler Hall, 
with classrooms, offices, and laboratories 
for the psychology, English, and 
philosophy faculty. It also houses the 
audio-visual department. To the right of 
the circle is Virginia Hall, one of the older 
residence halls; Willard Hall, a freshman 
residence hall is directly behind Virginia, 
and directly behind Willard is Hugh 
Mercer Hall, which houses the infirmary 
and counseling center. 

On the right of Campus Drive next to the 
library and across from Ball Circle is Lee 
Hall, the student activities building. The 
ballroom on the second floor is used 
for events such as dances, lectures, and 
faculty meetings. The C Shop, the place- 
ment bureau, the bookstore, the commu- 
ter students' lounge, the office of campus 
police, the student activities office, the 
bank, offices for student organizations and 
publications, and lounges fill the building. 

As Campus Drive curves toward Sunken 
Road, on the left is Monroe Hall, the old- 
est and often considered the most hand- 
some academic structure on campus. This 
building houses six departments: classics, 
economics and political science, educa- 
tion, geography, history, and religion. 

Other College buildings are best ap- 
proached by returning to College Avenue 
and walking toward the Route 1 by-pass 
that bounds the campus on the west. Just 
past Chandler Hall is Seacobeck, with four 
dining rooms serving all residential stu- 
dents. Past Seacobeck is the impressive 
Fine Arts Center, set on a slope, with three 
separate buildings connected by arcades. 
The center building, duPont Hall, holds 
offices, lecture rooms, and language 
laboratories of the Department of Modern 
Foreign Languages. It also houses the De- 
partment of Speech, the facilities of the 
Department of Dramatic Arts and Dance, 
and the 300-seat Klein Memorial Theater. 
Art exhibits are often held in the exhibit 
rooms of duPont. 

A Walking Tour B1 

The attached building to the south is 
Melchers Hall which houses the Depart- 
ment of Art. It has an art slide library 
rooms for painting, sculpture, printmak- 
ing, and photography; kilns, and offices and 
workrooms for studio courses. The north 
building, Pollard Hall, holds the class- 
rooms, studios, practice rooms, and 
offices of the Department of Music. 

The last building on College Avenue is the 
newest, Goolrick Hall, completed in 1970. 
This building is largely for physical educa- 
tion and health; although dance and the 
Department of Semiology and Anthropol- 
ogy also have classnx>ms here. It has an 
intercollegiate swimming pool with one 
and three meter diving boards, large and 
small gymnasiums, a handball court, 
dance studios and exercise rooms. 

Two blocks off campus stands the lovely 
and historic Brompton, home of the Pres- 
ident of the College. Located on the rise 
directly above the Stone Wall on Sunken 
Road, it was erected about P80. Histo- 
rians of the National Park Service have 
written that "no other house on the 
American continent is more important or 
better known in connection with military 
history, and few other homes are better 
examples of their type." The home was 
enlarged in 1836 by Colonel John L. Mane 
and restored, after purchase by the Col- 
lege, in 1946. Its beautiful PS-acre 
grounds are the site of College events 
through the year, particularly tine M.i\ 
luncheon for graduating seniors. 

Directly behind Brompton is "The 
Battleground," the location of tennis 
courts, playing fields and a track. Con- 
struction of these facilities began in the 
spring of 1978. 

82 Campus Visits 
Campus Map 

Campus Visits 

The College welcomes requests for indi- 
vidual and group interviews and tours; 
these should be addressed to Dr. H. 
Conrad Warlick, Dean of Admissions and 
Financial Aid, Box 1098, College Station, 
Fredericksburg, Virginia 22401. Telephone 
confirmation may be made by calling 
(703) 373-7250, ext 281. Participants 
should report to the Office of Admissions 
and Financial Aid, Room 303, third floor, 
Washington Hall (see campus map). 

Prospective students and/or their parents 
may arrange personal interviews in the 
Admissions Office any weekday except 
holidays, between 9 a.m. and 4 p.m. Dur- 
ing the regular school session, personal 
interviews may also be scheduled be- 
tween 9 and 10:30 a.m. on Saturdays. 
Interviews last about 30 minutes and 
should be arranged in advance. 

Group information sessions are held at 
10:30 a.m. and at 2 p.m. Monday through 
Friday, except for holidays, throughout the 
calendar year. When the College is in reg- 
ular session, another group session is 
held on Saturday mornings at 10:30 a.m. 

At a group session, a representative from 
the Admissions Office will discuss admis- 
sions procedures and policies, costs, 
financial assistance, academic programs, 
and other topics of general interest. A 
question and answer period follows. An 
appointment is not necessary for partici- 
pation in a group session, but advanced 
notification assists the staff in accom- 
modating the group. A student-conducted 
tour of the campus follows each group 
information session. 

Student-Conducted Tours. A stu- 
dent guide shows buildings and activities 
that are of general interest to prospective 
students, parents, and others. The dura- 
tion of a tour varies from 30 to 60 minutes 
and the format also varies according to 
the interests and time of the participants. 

It is not necessary to participate in an in- 
dividual interview or a group information 
session to join a tour; however, advance 
notice is helpful for planning purposes. 

Campus Map 

HALLc Administration Hall 

George Washington was closely associated 
with Fredericksburg. 

Named for the county in Virginia which was 
the birthplace of a number of prominent 
Americans, including Robert E. Lee, George 
Washington and James Monroe. 

3 HAMLET HOUSE Residence Hall 
Originally the private home of William N. 
Hamlet, who taught at the College for 30 years. 

4 FAIRFAX HOUSE Alumni House 
Named in honor of Anne Fairfax, the wife of 
George Washington's half-brother, Lawrence. 
FAIRFAX ANNEX Student Government 

5 MADISON HALL Residence Hall 
Named for Dolly Madison, wife of President 
James Madison. 

6 MARY BALL HALL Residence Hall 

Mary Ball Washington, for whom the College 
is named, was the mother of George 

7 CUSTISHALL Residence Hall 

Named in honor of Man' Custis who became 
the wife of Robert E. Lee. 

8 CHANDLER HALL Academic Hall 
Algernon B. Chandler was President of the 
College from 1919 until his death in 1928. 

Named for an Indian village which once 
occupied the site. 

10 duPONTHALL Academic Hall 

Named for a close lineal descendant of Mary 
Ball Washington, Jessie Ball duPont of 
Wilmington, Delaware and Ditchely Virginia. 

11 MELCHERSHALL Academic Hall 

Gari Melchers was an internationally known 
artist whose home, Belmont, in nearby 
Falmouth, is a memorial under the trusteeship 
of the College. 

12 POLLARD HALL Academic Hall 

Named for John Garland Pollard, Governor of 
Virginia, Attorney General, college professor, 
and patron of the arts. 

13 GOOLRICKHALL Gymnasium 

A member of the Virginia General Assembly at 
the turn of the century, C. O'Connor Goolrick 
•sponsored the 1908 legislation which 
established the College. 

Campus Map 83 




BROMPTON President's Home 

15 HUGH MERCER Infirmary, 

23 MARYEHAIJ. Spanish House 

Named for the ancestral English home < »1 Mi 

Counseling Center 

The Marye family once owned Brompton and 

Marye who constructed the initial part of the 

Dr. Mercer, who died as a brigadier general 

Marye's Heights, on which the College is 


in the Revolutionary War, was a physician 



TRENCH HILL Residence Halt 

in Fredericksburg. 

24 MASON HALL Residence Hall 


FRAMAR HALL Residence Hall 


Ann Mason was the mother of George Mason, 

Originally built as a home for Frank H and 

17 WILLARDHALL Residence Hall 

author of the Bill of Rights. 

Marian Lee Reichel 

Frances Willard was an educator, social 

25 RANDOLPH HALL Residence Hall 


Bl ISHNELL HALL Residence Hall 

reformer and advocate of the independence 

Named in honor of Martha Jefferson Randolph, 

Named for Nina G Bushnell. Dean ofWomen 

of women. 

a daughter of Thomas Jefferson. 

at the College from 1921 to 1950. 

18 MONROE HALL Academic Hall 

26 BRENT HALL French House 


JEFFERSC >N I IAIJ. Residence Hall 

President James Monroe lived and practiced 

Margaret Brent was one of the first American 

Thomas Jefferson, a strong believer in higher 

law in Fredericksburg. 

women to advocate political, social, and 

education, drafted the famous Statutes for 

19 VIRGINIA HALL Residence Hall 

educational equality for women. 

Religious Freedom while in Fredericksburg 

Named to honor the Commonwealth 

27 RUSSELL HALL Residence Hall 

in 1777. 


Edward Hutson Russell was the first President 



20 LEE HALL Student Activities 

of the College from 1908-1919. 

Named in honor of Morgan L Combs. 

Named for Ann Carter Lee, the mother of 

28 MARSHALL HALL Residence Hall 

President of the allege of 1 929 to 1 955. 

Robert E. Lee. 

Mary Willis Ambler Marshall was the wife of 




Chief Justice John Marshall. 



A former Governor ofVirginia, E. Lee Trinkle 

was for many years President of the State 

Board of Education. 


86 The Corporation 


The Corporation 

The Rector and Msitors of Mary Washington College 


Office of the Dean of the College 

Office of the President 

James H Croushore. BA. NLA. Ph.D.,Dean of the 

The Officers of the Visitors 

Prince B. Woodard. BA. NLA. EdD. LL.D. President 

Dawn M Manley. Secretary to the Dean 

Lewis Meriwether Walker. Jr.. Rector 
Katherine Edmondson Hopper. Wee Rector 

Anne A Moyse. Secretary to the President 
Office of the Vice President 

Cornelia D. Oliver. BA. AM. ?h.'D.. Assistant Dean 
of Academic Adt ismg 

Donna Henninger Henderson. Secretary 

Mary G Banks. B.S.. NLA. Counselor for Academic 

A Ray Merchent. BA. MEd. EdD.. Wee President, 


The Visitors of the College 

Director of Continuing Education, Bachelor of 

Liberal Studies Program 

Patsy Y Hockaday. Secretary to the Assistant Dean 

Arabelle Laws Arrington (41). Warrenton 

for Advising 

Joseph Earl Blackburn. Potomac. MD. 

Lucretia H Oesterheld Secretary to the Wee 
President. Director of Continuing Education, 

Linda S. Stroud Secretary, Dean's Office 

Irene Lunch" Brown (39). Poquoson 

Bachelor of Liberal Studies Program 

John G. Casdes. Corbin 

Mary A K Kelly. BA. $IA. Director of Counseling 

Gwendolyn Amory Cumming (52). Hampton 

Edward H Linlefield BS..Direaor of Personnel 


Warner N. E>alhouse. Roanoke 

Shirley D. Barnes. Secretary to the Director of 

Sara E. Bibb. Secretary to the Director of the 

Donna Henninger Henderson (61). Troutville 


Counseling Center 

Katherine Edmondson Hopper (29). Fairfax 

Stanley" Albert Owens. Manassas 

Daniel W Bishop. Chief of College Police 

A Isabel Gordon. Director of Career Placement 

J. Rupert Picott. Richmond 

Phyllis H Field Secretary to the Chief 

Lewis Meriwether Walker. Jr.. Petersburg 

Ruth W Brewer. Secretary to the Director of Career 

Leah Fleet Waller (44), Richmond 

Office of the Vice President for 
Development and Management 

Placement Sen ices 

Information Systems 

Office of the Dean of Admissions and 
Financial Aid 

William M Anderson. Jr.. B.S.. MPA. EdD. Wee 

President for Dei elopment and Management 

H. Conrad Warlick. BA. NLA. EdD. Dean of 

Information Systems 

Admissions and Financial Aid 

Dale A Brown. BA. MS.. PhD. Director of 

Susan H Talley. Secretary to the Dean 

Institutional Studies 

G. Forrest Dickinson. Jr.. BA., Assistant Dean of 

Gonnie Y. Boyer. AB.. Computer Systems Analyst 

Admissions and Financial Aid 


Bobby W Carter. Computer Programmer 

Jane H Marra. B.S.. Secretary to the Assistant Dean 

Betsy J. Chinn. Secretary to the \ ice President for 

Melissa A Dowd. BA.. Assistant Dean of Admissions 

Development and Management Information 

and Financial Aid 


Stephen A Jones. B A. Assistant Dean of Admissions 

Audrey- S. Hurlock. Recorder. Office of Student 

and Financial Aid 


Helen H Thomas. Student Employment Clerk 

Linda N. Evans. B A. Director of Information 


Office of the Dean of Student Services 

Deborah E Courtney. Secretary to the Director of 

Juanita H Clement B.S.. NLA.Deww of Student 

Information Services 


Claire T. Booker. Administrative Assistant 

Catherine B. Wegner. BA. MS.Assisiant Dean of 
Student Senices 

Berry L Luttrell. Admhiistrath e Assistant 

lima ML Overman. B.S.. NLD.. College Physician 

Administration V 

Office of the Comptroller 

Edward V Allison, Jr., &.S., Comptroller 

Gloria S. Day, Secretary to the Comptroller 

Claude T. Parcell.Jr., B.S., Business Manager 

LaVaughn A. I lo\lowzy,Accountant 

Carolyn S. Taylor, B.S., M.S., Manager, Bcxjkstore 

Patricia J McClure, Secretary to the Manager 

Lester E. Mc.Menamin.Jr, H.S , M S Director 
Physical Plant 

Juanita S. Newton, Secretary to tlx Director 


Ruby Y. Weinbrecht, BA, M A, Librarian 

Sherry C. Morgan, Secretary to the Librarian 

Charles D. Balthis, BA, M.S.L.S., Head Cataloguer 

Sandra G. Brown, BA, M.S.L.S., Periodicals 

Renna H. Cosner, AB., A.M. in L.S., Acquisition 

Patricia A Farr, AB., Library Assistant — Circulation 

Tina J. ?a\i\coner. Acquisition .Assistant 

Shelia M. McGarr, BA, M.S.L.S. , Reader Services 

Patricia C. Miller, BA., Library Assistant 

Circulation /Government Documents 

Mary J. Porter, BA, MA, M.S.L.S., Reference 

Judith E. Wahl, BA, M.SJL.S., Cataloguer 

Office of the Alumni Association 

Man B. Carson, BA, Director oj Alumni Affairs 
Sandra S Pearson,. Secretary to tlx Director 

Health Services 

lima M. Overman, B.S . M.D.. College Physician 
Raymond Jones, B.S., M.B., Associate 
Louis B Massad, B S WD. .Associate 
Virginia H. Cullen. R.H., Head Nurse 
Adella P Hiers, B.S . R.S ..\urse 
Morton D. Nugent, R.N.,Nurx 
Dorothy T Shannon. K N , Nurse 
Jeanne D. Tracy, R.N.,Nurse 



President Emeritus 

Grellet C. Simpson, BA. MA, Ph.D.. LI.D., Litt.D., 


President Emeritus and Professor Emeritus of 


BA, Randolph-Macon College; MA, Ph.D., 

University of Virginia: Randolph-Macon College; 

Litt.D.. Flagler College; L.H.D.. Mary Washington 


Faculty Emeriti 

Edward Avey, Jr.. BA. M.A.. Ph.D. 
Professor Emeritus of Education 
B.A., M.A., Ph.D., University of Virginia. 

Margery E. Anold. B.S.. MA 

Associate Prof essor Emeritus ofHealtli, Pljysical 

Education and Recreation 

B.S.. Russell Sage College; MA. Columbia 


Guennodlyn A Beeler. A.A.. B.S.. M.A. 
Professor Emeritus of Home Economics 
A. A .. Kansas City Junior College; B.S.. Kansas State 
College; M.A., Columbia University. 

Rachel J. Benton. B.A., M.A., Ph.D. 

Professor Emeritus of Health, Physical Education 

and Recreation 

B.A.. De Pauw University. M.A., Ph.D., State 

University of Iowa. 

Julien Binford 
Professor Emeritus of Art 
Graduate. An Institute of Chicago. Ryerson 
Fellowship for study in France, Virginia Museum 
Senior Fellowship. Rosenwald Fellowship. 
Represented in permanent collections of Boston 
Museum of Fine Arts, University of Georgia, 
University of Nebraska, Art Institute of Fine Arts, 
Springfield Museum, New Britain Museum, 
Oberlin College and others. 

Zoe W. Black, B.A., A.M., Ph.D. 

Professor Emeritus of Biology 

B.A., University of Tennessee; A.M., Ph.D., Duke 


Mildred M. Boiling, A.B., A.M. 
Professor Emeritus of Modern Foreign Languages 
A.B., Colorado College; A.M., University of Missouri, 
diploma. Institut de Phonetique, University of Paris 

Stanley F. Bulley Mus. Bac, Mus. Doc. 
Professor Emeritus of Music 
L.R.A.M.. Royal Academy of Music; Mus. Bac, Mus. 
Doc., Universitv of Toronto. 

Louis J. Cabrera, A.B., M.A., Ph.D. 
Professor Emeritus of Modern Foreign Languages 
A.B.. University of Dubuque; M.A., University of 
Maine. Doctor of Letters and Philosophy, University 
of Madrid. 

William A Casde, B.S., Ph.D. 

Professor Emeritus of Biology 

B.S., Denison University; Ph.D., University of 


Marion K Chauncey. B.M., M.A. 
Associate Professor Emeritus of Music 
Graduate. Georgia State Woman's College; B.M., 
Ithaca Conservatory of Music; M.A.. Columbia 

Eileen K. Dodd, Ph.B.. M.A., Ph.D. 

Professor Emeritus of Psychology 

Ph.B., Muhlenberg College; M.A., Ph.D., New York 


Jean Slater Edson, A.B., M.A. 
Professor Emeritus of Music 
A.B., Vassar College: M.A., Columbia University. 

E. Boyd Graves, A.B., A.M., Ed.D. 
Professor Emeritus of Philosophy 
A.B., A.M., College of William and Mary, Ed.D., 
George Washington University 

Marion A Greene, A.B., M.A, Ph.D. 
Professor Emeritus of Modem Foreign Languages 
A.B., Tufts College; M.A., Radcliffe College; Ph.D., 
University of North Carolina. 

William W Griffith, A.B., B.S. in L.S., M.A.. Ph.D. 
Professor Emeritus of English 
A.B., University of Pennsylvania; B.S., in L.S., Drexel 
Institute; M.A., Harvard University; Ph.D.. University 
of Pittsburgh. 

Margaret Hargrove, A.B., A.M., Ph.D.. L.H.D. 
Professor Emeritus of Classics 
A.B., Randolph-Macon Woman's College; A.M., Ph.D., 
Cornell University; L.H.D. , Lake Erie College. 

Henry W Hewetson, B.A., M.A., PhD 

Prof essor Emeritus of Economics 

B.A., University ofToronto; MA, University of British 

Columbia; Ph.D., University of Chicago. 

Catherine H. Hook, B.S., M.E.D. 

Associate Professor Emeritus of Education 

B.S., Madison College; M.E.D., University of Virginia. 

Levin Houston. Ill, B.A. 

Associate Professor Emeritus of Music 

B.A., Virginia Military Institute. 

Anna S. Hove, A.B., M.S., Ph.D. 

Professor Emeritus of Biology 

A.B., Lynchburg College; M.S., Ph.D. University of 


Earl G. Insley, B.S., Ph.D. 

Prof essor Emeritus of Chemistry 

B.S., Ph.D., Johns Hopkins University. 

Edwin H.Jones, B.A., MA., Ph.D. 
Professor Emeritus of Modern Foreign Languages 
B.A., Hampden-Sydney College; M.A., Duke 
University; Ph.D., University of Virginia. 

Kurt E Leidecker, B.A., A.M., Ph.D. 

Professor Emeritus of Philosophy 

B.A., A.M., Oberlin College; Ph.D., University of 


Almont Lindsey, B.S., MA., Ph.D. 

Professor Emeritus of History 

B.S., Knox College; M.A., Ph.D. University of Illinois. 

George E. Luntz, B.M.. M.M.. Ph.D. 
Professor Emeritus of Music 
B.M., M.M., Dana School of Music, Ph.D., State 
University of Iowa. 

Clifton B. Mcintosh, A.B., M.A., Ph.D. 
Professor Emeritus of Modem Foreign Languages 
A.B., Duke University; M.A., Ph.D. University of 

Fred E. Miller, A.B.. M.A. 

Associate Professor Emeritus of Economics 

A.B., M.A., Colorado State College of Education. 

Claudia M. Read. B.S., M.A. 

Professor Emeritus of Health, Physical Education 

and Recreation 

B.S., Woman's College of the University of North 

Carolina; M.A., New York University. 

Carmen L. Rivera, B.A., M.A., Ph.D. 
Professor Emeritus of Modern Foreign Languages 
B.A., University of Puerto Rico; M.A., Florida State 
College for Women; Ph.D., University of Salamanca. 

Raiford E. Sumner, B.A., M.A., Ph.D. 
Professor Emeritus of Political Science 
B.A., University of Tennessee; M.A., University of 
Mississippi; Ph.D., Louisiana State University 

Dorothy D. Van Winckel, B.S., MA. 

Professor Emeritus of Art 

B.S., University of Tennessee: M.A., Peabody College. 

Reginald W. Whidden, B.A., M.A., Ph.D. 

Professor Emeritus of English 

B.A., M.A., McMaster University; Ph.D., Yale 


Edgar E. Woodward, B.S. 
Professor Emeritus, Comptroller 

B.S., Ohio State Universitv. 

Faculty 1 

John M. Albertine, AB., Ph.D. (1975, 1969) 

Associate Professor of Economic and Political 


A.B., Kings College; Ph.D., University of Virginia. 

Phillip J. Allen, AB., MA, B.D., Ph.D. ( 1947, 1947) 
Professor of Sociology and Anthropology 
A.B., Ohio Northern University; MA, Northwestern 
University; B.D., Garrett Theological Seminary'; 
Ph.D., The American University. 

Edward V Allison, Jr., B.S. (1974, 1970) 
Associate Professor, Comptroller 
B.S., University of Richmond. 

William M. Anderson, Jr., B.S., M.PA, Ed.D. 

(1978, 1976) 

Professor, Vice President for Dei <elopment and 

Management Information Systems 

B.S., Virginia Commonwealth University; M.PA, 

West Virginia College of Graduate Studies; Ed.D., 

Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. 

Clavio E Ascari, Dottore in LI..MM. (1972, 1965) 
Associate Professor of Modern Foreign Languages 
Dottore in Lettere Monderne, Universita Bocconi, 

Bulent 1. Atalay, B.S., M.S., MA, Ph.D. (1974, 1966) 

Professor of Physics 

B.S., M.S., Georgetown University; MA., (By 

Decree) Oxford University; Ph.D., Georgetown 


Roger W. Bailey, B.M.E., M.M.S. (1977, 1973) 

Assistant Professor of Music 

B.M.E., Westminster Choir College, M.M.S., Temple 


James E. Baker, M.S., M.Ed., D.MA (1976, 1965) 
Professor of Music 

B.S., M.Ed., Pennsylvania State University; D.MA, 
The Catholic University of America. 

James M. Baley, BA, MA, Ph.D. (1977, 1978) 
Instructor in Philosophy 

BA, University of Connecticut; MA, University of 
Miami; Ph.D., University of North Carolina. 

Charles D. Balthis, BA, M.S.L.S. (1969, 1969) 
Instructor, Head Cataloguer, Librarian 
BA., Randolph-Macon; M.S.L.S., Catholic University 
of America. 

'The first date indicates the year when the present 
rank was attained; the second date the year when 
the individual was first appointed to the staff. 

Mary C. Banks, B.S., MA (1977, 1977) 

lecturer, Advising Counselor 

B.S., M.A., Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State 


Michael L Bass, AA, B.S., M.S., Ph.D. ( 1977, 1968) 
Associate Professor of Biology 
AA, Clinch Valley College; B.S., Virginia Polytechnic 
Institute, M.S., Medical College of Virginia; Ph.D., 
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. 

J. Christopher Bill, AB., M.S., Ph.D. (1972, 1972) 
Assistant Professor of Psychology 
AB., College of the Holy Cross; M.S., University of 
Bridgeport; Ph.D., Dartmouth College. 

Samuel O. Bird, B.S., M.S., Ph.D. (1968, 1962) 
Professor of Geology 

B.S., Marshall College; M.S., University of Wisconsin; 
Ph.D., University of North Carolina. 

Juliette B. Blessing (1968, 1957) 
Associate Professor of Modern Foreign languages 
Licence-des-Lettres. University of Lille; Diplome 
d'Ecole des Science Politiques, University of Paris; 
Diplome d'Etudes Superieures, University of Paris. 

Roger J. Bourdon, B.S., M.S., Ph.D. (1975, 1968) 
Professor of History 

B.S., Loyola University; MA., Ph.D., University of 
California at Los Angeles. 

Marshall E. Bowen, B.Ed., MA, Ph.D. (1975, 1965) 
Professor ofGeograplry 

B.Ed., Plymouth Teachers College; MA., Kent State 
University; Ph.D., Boston University. 

Joseph Bozicevic, B.S., MA, Ph.D. (1973, 1961) 
Professor of Modern Foreign Languages 
B.S. Juniata College; MA, Middlebury College; 
Ph.D., Georgetown University 

Jeffrey M. Brookstone, BA, MA, Ph.D. (1978, 1978) 
Assistant Professor of Economics & Political Science 
BA., George Washington University; MA., Indiana 
University; Ph.D., George Washington University 

Dale A Brown, BA, M.S., Ph.D. (1977, 1973) 
Associate Professor of Mathematics, Statistics and 
Computer Science, Director of Institutional Studies 
BA., Hiram College; M.S., Ph.D., Syracuse 

Nathaniel H. Brown, AB., MA, Ph.D. (1972, 1961) 
Professor ofEnglisf.J 

A.B., Princeton University; MA., Syracuse University; 
Ph.D., Columbia University. 

Sandra G. Brown, BA, M.S.L.S. (1974, 1974) 

Instructor, Periodicals Librarian 

BA., Hiram College; M.S.L.S., Syracuse University. 

Yorke J. Brown, B.S. (1978, 1978) 

Instructor in Pljysics 

B.S., Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University 

Faculty 89 

KentVC: Butzine ,B \ MA PhX>. (1971, 1971) 

\\sL\tant I'rojessor of Psychology 

BA., Northwestern University; M A Ph.D., 

University ol North Carolina. 

David W. Cain, AB., B.D., MA, Ph.D. (1978, 1970) 

Associate Professor of Religion 

A.B., Princeton I Iniversity; B I)., Yale University; 

MA, Ph.D., Princeton I Iniversity 

Otho C Campbell, BA, MA (19 7 2, 1968) 

Assistant I'rofessor of History 

BA, Richmond College. MA, The American 


L. Clyde Carter.Jr., BA, MDiv, Ph.D. (1966, 1948) 
Professor of Sociology and Antlxropcjlogy 
BA, Carson-Newman College; MDiv., Union 
Theological Seminary; Ph.D.. Yale Universit) 

Jeanne D. Chalifou.x ( 1963, 1963) 

Instructor in Music 

Graduate, Curtis Institute of Music 

Elizabeth A Clark, AB., MA, Ph.D. ( 1973, 1964) 

Professor of Religion 

A.B., Vassar College, MA. Ph.D.. Columbia 


Juanita H. Clement, BA, MA (1973, 1969) 
Associate Professor of Health, Physical Education 
and Recreation, Dean of Student Sen ices 
B.S., Radford College; MA. George Peabody 

Janet E Cobb, BA, MA ( 1969, 1969) 
Assistant Professor of Philosopljy 
BA., Leeds University; MA, Bedford College. 
University of London. 

Joseph L. Conroy, AB., MA, Ph.D. ( 19"". 1977 ) 

Assistant Professor ofMatl^ematics, Statistics and 

Computer Science 

AB., Providence College; MA, Ph.D.. Duke 


Renna H. Cosner, AB., AM1.S. (19"6, 1969) 
Instructor, Acquisition Librarian 
AB.. Randolph-Macon Woman's College; AMI. S . 
University of Michigan. 

Herbert L. Cover, B.S.. M.S.. Ph.D. (1966. 19-19) 

Professor of Oxmistry 

B.S., M.S.. Ph.D.. University of Virginia. 

William B. Crawley Jr.. BA, MA . Ph.D. ( 1975, 19"0) 
Associate Professor oj History 
BA„ Hampden-Syndey College: MA. Ph.D.. 
Universit) of Virginia 

Judith A. Crissman. BA, Ph.D. (1973, 1968) 
Associate lYofessor ofOxtnistry 
BA.Thiel College; Ph.D.. Universit) ol North 

90 Faculty 

James H. Croushore, BA, MA, Ph.D. (1957, 1947) 

Professor of English, Dean of the College 

BA, MA, Lehigh University; Ph.D., Yale University. 

John F. Cushman, Jr., BA (1976, 1975) 
Instructor in Economics and Political Science 
BA., University of Virginia. 

Daniel A. Dervin, B.S., MA, Ph.D. (1974, 1967) 

Associate Professor of English 

B.S., Creighton University; MA, Ph.D., Columbia 


Joseph C. DiBella, BA, MA, M.FA (1977, 1977) 
Assistant Professor of Art 

BA., Rutgers College; MA, M.FA, Northern Illinois 
University; Certificate, Art Instruction Schools. 

G. Forrest Dickinson, Jr., BA (1974, 1974) 
Instructor, Assistant Dean of Admissions and 
Financial Aid 
BA, Washington and Lee University 

Melissa A. Dowd, BA. (1976, 1976) 
Lecturer, Assistant Dean of Admissions and 
Financial Aid 
BA., Mary Washington College. 

Joseph G. Dreiss, BA, MA (1976, 1976) 

Instructor in Art 

BA, Fairleigh Dickinson University; MA., Rutgers 


Mildred A. Droste, B.S., M.Ed. (1967, 1954) 
Associate Professor of Health, Pljysical Education 
and Recreation 

B.S., Longwood College; M.Ed., Woman's College of 
University of North Carolina. 

Albert G. Duke, A.B., MA. (1969, 1952) 
Associate Professor of Speech 
A.B., M.A., Syracuse University. 

Samuel T. Emory, Jr., A.B., M.A., Ph.D. (1968, 1959) 
Professor of Geograpljy 
A.B., M.A., University of North Carolina; Ph.D., 
University of Maryland. 

Lewis R Fickett, Jr., A.B., L.L.B., M.RA., Ph.D. 
(1968, 1963) 

Professor of Economics and Political Science 
A.B., Bowdoin College, L.L.B., M.RA., Ph.D., Harvard 


Martha V. Fickett, B.A., M.M. (1972, 1968) 

Instructor in Music 

B.A., Mary Washington College; M.M., University of 


Earl D. Fife, B.S., M.A., Ph.D. (1977, 1977) 
Assistant Professor in Mathematics, Statistics and 
Computer Science 

B.S., Milligan College; M.A., University of North 
Carolina; Ph.D., Wesleyan University. 

Victor A. Fingerhut, B.A., MA. (1971, 1967) 

Associate Professor of Economics and Political 


B.A., M.A., Yale University. 

Delmont E Fleming, B.A., M.A., Ph.D. (1978, 1966) 
Professor of English 

B.A., Eastern Baptist College; M.A., Ph.D., University 
of Pennsylvania. 

Ruth T. Friedman, B.S., Ph.D. (1972, 1967) 

Associate Professor of Biology 

B.S., Ph.D., Medical College of Virginia. 

Stephen W Fuller, B.S., Ph.D. (1977, 1972) 

Associate Professor of Biology 

B.S., Cornell University; Ph.D., University of New 


Constance A. Gallahan, B.S., M.S. (1977, 1977) 

Instructor in Health, Physical Education and 


B.S., Longwood College; M.S., University of 


John K. George, A.B., M.S., Ph.D. (1976, 1967) 
Associate Professor of Chemistry 
A.B., Columbia College; M.S., University of 
Connecticut; Ph.D., University of Virginia. 

Donald E. Glover, B.A., M.A., Ph.D. (1973, 1961) 
Professor of English 

B.A., College of William and Mary; M.A., Ph.D., 
University of Virginia. 

Roy M. Gordon, B.A., M.S. (1978, 1977) 
Associate Professor of Health, Physical Education 
and Recreation 

B.A., Harpur College of the State University of New 
York; M.S., Springfield College. 

James B. Gouger, B.A., M.A., Ph.D. (1978, 1969) 
Associate Professor of Geography 
B.A., Montclair State College; M.A., Ph.D., 
University of Florida. 

Jean C. Graham, B.A., M.M. (1977, 1977) 

Instructor in Dramatic Arts and Dance 

B.A., Mary Washington College; M.M., Florida State 


Roy E Gratz, B.S., M.A., Ph.D. (1975, 1975) 

Assistant Professor of Chemistry 

B.S., University of Pittsburgh; M.A., Ph.D., Duke 


Kathleen H. Gray, B.S. (1974, 1971) 

Assistant Professor of Dramatic Arts and Dance 

B.S., The Juilliard School. 

Miriam J. Greenberg, B.S., M.Ed. (1967, 1953) 
Associate Professor of Health, Physical Education 
and Recreation 
B.S., M.Ed., University of Maryland. 

Anne E Hamer, B.M., M.M. (1969, 1944) 
Associate Professor of Music 
B.M., University of Michigan; M.M., The Catholic 
University of America. 

Susan J. Hanna, B.A., M.A., Ph.D. (1972, 1968) 

Associate Professor of English 

B.A., Ohio State University; M.A., Ph.D., University of 


Richard E. Hansen, B.A., M.A., Ph.D. (1976, 1966) 
Associate Professor of English 
B.A., M.A., Ph.D., Duke University 

Teruo Hara, B.A., MA. (1972, 1968) 

Associate Professor of Art 

B.A., M.A., Tokyo Kyoiko University. 

Anna Mae Harris, B.A., MA. (1963, 1958) 

Associate Professor of Mathematics, Statistics and 

Computer Science 

B.A., Mary Washington College; M.A., University of 


Diane E Hatch, A.B., M.A., Ph.D. (1972, 1966) 
Assistant Professor of Classics 
A.B., Sweet Briar College; M.A., Ph.D., University of 
North Carolina. 

Haydar, Sonja D. (1974, 1968) 
Assistant Professor of Dramatic Arts and Dance 
Professional Dance Certificate; Zagreb State Opera 
Ballet School, Yugoslavia; diploma, Meister Staten 
Fur Tranz, Berlin, Germany; Mozarteum 
Conservatory of Music, Salzburg, Austria. 

Edward H. Hegmann, II, B.S., M.S., Ed.D. (1978, 1976) 
Associate Professor of Health, Physical Education 
and Recreation 

B.S., Bucknell University; M.S., Springfield College; 
Ed.D., Temple University. 

Rosemary H. Herman, A.B., MA. (1969, 1950) 
Associate Professor of Modern Foreign Languages 
A.B., Woman's College of the University of North 
Carolina; M.A., University of North Carolina. 

Margaret M. Hofmann, A.B., M.A., Ph.D. (1973, 1963) 
Professor of Modern Foreign Languages 
A.B., Wellesley College; M.A., University of New 
Hampshire; Ph.D., University of Kansas. 

Miriam B. Hoge, A.B., M.A., Ph.D. (1967, 1956) 
Professor of Modern Foreign Languages 
A.B., Randolph-Macon Woman's College; M.A., 
University of Pennsylvania. 

Joseph E. Holmes, B.S., M.S., Ed.D. (1974, 1968) 
Associate Professor of Education 
B.S., M.S., State University of New York at New Paltz; 
Ed.D., University of Virginia. 

Neil R. Howard, B.A., M.FA. (1977, 1975) 
Assistant Professor of Dramatic Arts and Dance 
B.A., Keene State College; M.FA., Smith College. 

John R Johnson, B.S, M.EA. (1976, 1968) 

Instructor in Education 

B.S., Virginia State College; M.EA., Howard 


Rose Mary Johnson, A.B., M.A., Ph.D. (1972, 1962) 

Professor of Biology 

A.B., Hood College; M.A., Ph.D., University of 


Thomas L.Johnson, B.A., M.A., Ph.D. (1973, 1959) 

Professor of Biology 

B.A., Lynchburg College; M.A., Ph.D., University of 


Stephen A.Jones, B.A. (1976, 1976) 
Lecturer, Assistant Dean of Admissions and 
Financial Aid 
B.A., Mary Washington College. 

Mary A. K. Kelly, B.A., M.A. (1974, 1947) 
Professor of Psyclxilogy, Director of the 
Counseling Center 

BA., Mary Washington College; M.A., Ohio 
Suite University. 

Walter B. Kelly, B.S., M.A., Ph.D. (1967, 1947) 
Professor of English 

B.S., Ursinus College; M.A., Ph.D., University 
of Pennsylvania. 

J. William Kemp, Jr., B.A., M.A., Ph.D. (1977, 1970) 
Associate Professor of English 
B.A., Millsaps College; M.A., Mississippi State Uni- 
versity; Ph.D., University of South Carolina. 

Roger L. Kenvin, A.B, M. A„ M.EA., D.EA., ( 1972, 


Professor of Dramatic Arts & Dance 

A.B., Bowdoin College; M.A., Harvard University; 

M.EA., D.EA., Yale University. 

Pauline G. King, B.S., M.A., Ph.D. (1966, 1950) 
Professor of Art 

B.S., Mary Washington College; M.A., George 
Peabody College; Ph.D., University of Chicago. 

Meg S. Kintzing, B.S.RE., M.Ed. (1978, 1975) 
Assistant Professor of Health, Plyysical Education 
and Recreation 
B.S.PE., M.Ed., Western Maryland College. 

Jan S. Kourouklis, B.A., M.A. (1977, 1977) 

Instructor in Music 

B.A., Occidental College; M.A., Arizona State 


John M. Kramer, B.A., M.A., Ph.D. (1977, 1971) 

Associate Professor of Economics and Political 


B.A, LaSalle College; M.A., Ph.D., University of 


Richard J. Krickus, B.A., M.A., Ph.D. (1978, 1970) 
Professor of Economics and Political Science 
B.A., College of William and Mary; M.A, University 
of Massachusetts; Ph.D., Georgetown University. 

John L. Lamph, A.A., B.A., M.EA. (1974, 1969) 

Associate Professor of Art 

A.A., Fullerton Junior College; B.A., California State 

College at Fullerton; M.EA., Claremont Graduate 


Stephen J. Larson, B.A., M.S., M.EA. (1977, 1977) 
Assistant Professor of Dramatic Arts and Dance 
B.A, Fort Hays Kansas State College; M.S., Emporia 
Kansas State College; M.EA., Tulane University. 

Bernard C. Lemoine, B.M., M.M., Ph.D. (1977, 1965) 
Professor of Music 

B.M., Oberlin Conservatory of Music; M.M., Univer- 
sity of Illinois; Ph.D., The Catholic University of 

Alexander J. Lindsey, B.S., M.S., M.A., Ph.D. 


Associate Professor of Mathematics, Statistics 

and Computer Science 

B.S., State University College; M.S., M.A., Ph.D., 

Syracuse University. 

Bruce London, B.A., M.A, Ph.D. ( 1977, 1976) 
Assistant Professor of Sociology and Antliropology 
B.A, Bates College; M.A, Ph.D., University of Con- 

Carlton R. Lutterbie.Jr., B.S., M.A., Ph.D. (1976, 1967) 
Associate Professor of English 
B.S., Northwestern University; M.A, Ph.D., Univer- 
sity of Chicago. 

Jo Ann Lutz, B.A., M.A., Ph.D. (1978, 1978) 

Assistant Professor of Mathematics, Statistics and 

Computer Science 

B.A., University of Wisconsin; M.A., Ph.D., Duke 


Bruce D. MacEwen, B.A, M.A, Ph.D. (1973, 1969) 
Associate Professor of Psychology 
B.A, LaVerne College; M.A, University of California 
at Los Angeles; Ph.D., Arizona State University. 

Bernard L. Mahoney, Jr., B.S., M.S., Ph.D. (1973, 1964) 

Professor ofChemistn' 

B.S, M.S., Boston College; PhD, University of New 


John C. Manolis, B.A, M.A, Ph.D. (1977, 1964) 
Associate Professor of Modern Foreign Languages 
B.A, Assumption University; M.A, Florida State Uni- 
versity; diploma, Institut de Phonetique University 
Paris; Ph.D., Florida Suite University 

Sheila M. McGarr, B.A, M.S.L.S. (1976, 19 T 6) 
Instructor, Reader Services (Circulation), Lihranan 
B.A, Merrimack College; M.S.L.S, Catholic Univer- 
sity of America, 

Faculty 91 

A. Ray Merchent, B.A, M.Ed. Ed.D (1974, 1959) 
Professor of Education, Vice I*resident, Director of 
Continuing Education, Bachelor of Liberal Studies 

B.A, Emory and Henry College; M.Ed, Ed.D, Uni- 
versity of Virginia 

Sammy R. Merrill, B.A, M.A, Ph.D. (1977, ITi) 
Associate Professor of Modern Foreign Languages 
B.A, Wake Forest University; MA. Duke University; 
Ph.D., Cornell University 

Barbara S. Meyer, B.A, M.A, Ph.D. (1977, 1971 1 
Associate Professor of Art 

B.A, Trinity University; M.A, University of Man land; 
Ph.D., Johns Hopkins University 

Nancy H. Mitchell, B.A, M.A, Ph.D. (1973. 1960) 
Professor of English 

B.A, Swarthmore College; M.A, Yale University; 
Ph.D., The Catholic University of America 

Sidney H. Mitchell, B.A, M.A, PhD (196", 1954) 

Professor of English 

B.A, Swarthmore College; M.A, Ph.D., University of 


Thomas G. Moeller, A.B., M.A, Ph.D. ( 19~3. 19"3) 
Assistant Professor of Psydiology 
A.B, Marquette University; M.A, PhD, University 
of Iowa. 

Paul C Muick, B.F.A, A.M., PhD ( 1973, 1964) 
Professor of Art 

B.EA, Ohio State University; A.M.. University 
of Chicago; Ph.D., Ohio State University 

Vera Niebuhr, B.A, M.A, Ph.D. (19"8, 19~) 
Assistant Professor of Modern Foreign Lin,i>uages 
B.A, Douglass College. M.A, PhD, University of 

Nikola M. Nikolic, B.S, M.A . Ph.D. (19~4. 1969) 

Professor ofPlnsics 

B.S, Belgrade University; M.A. PhD, Columbia 


Denis Nissim-Sabat, B.A, Ph.D. (1976. 19"6) 
Assistant Professor of Ps^■cholog^■ 
B.A, Case Western Reserve University; Ph.D.. 
Temple University 

Patricia R Norwood. B.M, M M 1 1977, 1977) 

Instructor in Music 

BM, Wheaton College: MM. University of Texas 

Cornelia D Oliver. BA. A.M. Ph.D. ( 19" < 1958 
Professor of Ait, Assistant Dean of Academic 
Adt ising 
B.A, Smith College; A.M.. Duke University; Ph.D.. 

The Catholic University ol America 

92 Faculty 

Richard R Palmieri, B.A., M.A., Ph.D. (1977, 1977) 
Assistant Professor of Geography 
B.S., Boston State; M.A., University of Texas; Ph.D., 
University of California. 

Mary Jo Parrish, B.A., M.A., Ph.D. (1971, 1954) 
Professor of Biology 

B.A., M.A., University of North Carolina; Ph.D., 
University of Virginia. 

Aniano Pena, M.A., Ph.D. (1974, 1974) 
Assistant Professor of Modem Foreign Languages 
M.A., Temple University; Ph.D., University of 

Patricia J. Pierce, B.A., M.S. (1978, 1966) 

Associate Professor of Mathematics, Statistics and 

Computer Science 

B.A., University of Colorado; M.S., Oregon State 


Mary W. Pinschmidt, A.B., A.M., Ph.D. (1975, 1964) 
Associate Professor of Biology 
A.B., Western Maryland College; A.M., Duke 
University; Ph.D., Medical College of Virginia. 

William C. Pinschmidt, Jr., B.S., M.S., Ph.D. 


Professor of Biology 

B.S., Mount Union College; M.S., Ohio State 

University; Ph.D., Duke University 

Mary J. Porter, B.A., M.A., M.S.L.S. (1970, 1970) 
Instructor, Reference Librarian 
B.A., Mary Washington College; M.A., George 
Washington University; M.S.L.S., Catholic University 
of America. 

Leena K. Puhakka, B.A., M.A., M.A., Ph.D. (1977, 


Assistant Professor of Psychology 

B.A., Knox College, M.A., M.A., Ph.D., The University 

of Toledo. 

Joanna L. Quann, A.B., MA. (1978, 1968) 
Assistant Professor of Modern Foreign Languages 
A.B., Wesleyan College; M.A., Duke University. 

Alice B. Rabson, A.B., M.S., Ph.D. (1978, 1969) 

Professor of Psychology 

A.B., Cornell University; M.S., Ph.D., Purdue 


Peggy K. Reinburg, B.A., M.M. (1972, 1966) 
Instructor in Music 

B.A., Mary Washington College; M.M., North- 
western University. 

Key S. Ryang, B.A., M.A, Ph.D. (1972, 1968) 

Associate Professor of History 

B.A., Trinity University; M.A., Ph.D., Columbia 


Robert S. Rycroft, B.A., M.A., Ph.D. (1978, 1977) 
Assistant Professor of Economics & Political Science 
B.A., College of William and Mary; M.A., Ph.D., 
University of Maryland. 

Yvonne M. Sabine, B.A., M.M. (1967, 1967) 
Instructor in Music 

B.A., The American University; M.M., Catholic 
University of America. 

Raman K Singh, B.A., M.A., Ph.D. (1973, 1967) 
Associate Professor of English 
B.A., St. Stephen's College; M.A., Western Michigan 
University, Ph.D., Purdue University. 

Paul C. Slayton, Jr., B.S., M.Ed., Ed.D. (1974, 1965) 

Professor of Education 

B.S., M.Ed., Ed.D., University of Virginia. 

Charles A Sletten, B.A., A.M., Ph.D. (1967, 1958) 
Professor of Sociology and Anthropology 
B.A., University of Virginia; A.M., Ph.D., Harvard 

George A. Smerigan, B.A., M.S. (1978, 1976) 

Instructor in Geography 

B.A., M.S., Southern Illinois University 

Brenda V Smith, B.EA., M.A., Ed.D. (1977, 1977) 

Assistant Professor of Education 

B.EA., Virginia Commonwealth University; M.A., 

Ed.D., Virginia Polytechnical Institute and State 


Roy H. Smith, B.S., Ph.D. (1974, 1970) 
Associate Professor of Psychology 
B.S., University of Tennessee; Ph.D., University 
of Pennsylvania. 

Zeinab S. Soliman, B.S., M.S. (1978, 1978) 
Instructor in Mathematics, Statistics and 
Computer Science. 
B.S., Cairo University; M.S., University of Iowa. 

Joanne G. Southworth, B.A., Ph.D. (1977, 1972) 
Assistant Professor in Biology 
B.A., Randolph Macon Women's College; Ph.D., 
Medical College of Virginia. 

Mary Ellen Stephenson, B.A., M.A., Ph.D. 


Professor of Modern Foreign Languages 

B.A., Westhampton College; M.A., Middlebury 

College; Ph.D., University of Chicago. 

Henry L. Suggs, B.A., M.A., Ph.D. (1978, 1978) 
Assistant Professor of History 
B.A., M.A., North Carolina Central University; Ph.D., 
University of Virginia. 

Laura V Sumner, A.B., M.A., Ph.D. (1963, 1948) 

Professor of Classics 

A.B., Vassar College; M.A., Ph.D., Johns Hopkins 


Glen R Thomas, B.A., M.A., Ph.D. (1974, 1962) 
Professor of American Studies 
B.A., Stanford University; M.A., The American 
University; Ph.D., Emory University. 

Arthur L. Tracy, B.A., M.A., Ph.D. (1975, 1968) 
Associate Professor of History 
B.A., Barrington College; M.A., Ph.D., The 
American University. 

Sister Kathleen A Tuohey, B.S., M.A., M.A. 

(1977, 1977) 

Instructor in Classics 

B.S., Saint John's University; M.A., Saint John's 

School of Arts and Sciences; M.A., University 

of Notre Dame. 

James E Tucker, B.S., M.S., Ph.D. (1978, 1975) 
Lecturer in Economics and Political Science 
B.S., M.S., Howard University; Ph.D., University 
of Pennsylvania. 

Joseph C. Vance, B.A., M.A., Ph.D. (1967, I960) 

Professor of History 

B.A., M.A., Ph.D., University of Virginia 

George M. Van Sant, A.B., M.A., Ph.D. (1967, 1958) 

Professor of Philosophy 

A.B., St. John's College; M.A., Ph.D., University of 


Jacquelyn M. Vawter, B.S.Ed., M.Ed., Ph.D. 

(1974, 1972) 

Assistant Professor of Education 

B.S.Ed., Illinois State University; M.Ed., Ph.D., 

University of Maryland 

Judith E. Wahl, B.A., M.L.S. (1974, 1974) 

Instructor, Cataloguer, Librarian 

B.A., M.L.S., State University of New York, Geneseo. 

H. Conrad Warlick, B.A., M.A., Ed.D. (1978, 1974) 
Professor of Education, Dean of Admissions and 
Financial Aid 

B.A., Wake Forest; M.A., University of North 
Carolina; Ed.D., University of Virginia 

Richard H. Warner, A.B., M.A., Ph.D. (1978, 1968) 

Associate Professor of History 

A.B., Dartmouth College; M.A., Ph.D. New York 


Catherine B. Wegner, B.A., M.S. (1978, 1978) 
Instructor, Assistant Dean of Student Services 
B.A., Newcomb College of Tulane; M.S., American 

Ruby Y Weinbrecht, B.A., M.A. (1972, 1972) 
Professor, Librarian 

B.A., Mary Washington College; M.A., George 
Peabody College. 

Faculty 93 

Roy B. Weinstodc, B.A., MA, Ph.D. ( 1974, 1968) 
Professor of Psychology 

B.A., Brooklyn College; MA. I lollins College I'll I J 
Syracuse University, 

Margaret H. Williamson, B.A., B. Lite, D. Phil. 


Assistant Professor of 'Sociologx and Anthropology 

HA, Bryn Mawr College; B.I.itt., D.Phil., Oxford 


David E, Winn, A.B., M.A. (1977, 1977 I 

Instructor in Classics 

A.B., M.A., College of William and Man' 

Lawrence A. Wishner, B.S Ms. I'h.D. (1968. 1961) 

Professor of Chemistry 

B.S., M.S., Ph.D., University of Maryland 

Prince B. Woodard, B.A., M.A., Ed.D., L.L.D 

Professor of Education, President 
B.A., Virginia Military Institute; M.A., Ed.D., Uni- 
versity of Virginia, Ll.D., West Virginia Wesleyan 

Rebecca T. Woosley, A.B., B.S., M.S. (1963, 1950) 
Associate Professor of Health, Physical Education 
and Recreation 

A.B., Woman's College of the University of North 
Carolina; B.S., Mary Washington College; M S . 
Louisiana State University. 

Janet G. Zeleznock, B.S., M.A. ( 1975, 196"') 
Associate Professor of Mathematics, Statistics and 
Computer Science 
B.S., St. Francis College; M.A., Duquesne University 

Benjamin E Zimdars, B.A., M.A , PhD ( 1972, 1965) 
Professor of History 

B.A., North Central College; M.A., University of 
Wisconsin; Ph.D., University of Texas. 

Paul M. Zisman, B.A., MAT, Ph.D. (19"". 197] I 
Associate Professor of Education 
B.A., College of William and Man-; MAT. 
Howard University; Ph.D., The Catholic University 
of America. 


Index 95 

51 Academic Policies 
86 Administration 

59 Admission 

63 Application Fees and 

64 Before High School 

65 Continuing at the College 
63 Deferred Enrollment 

62 Directly After High School 

63 Early Decision 

63 Examinations 

62 High School Preparation 

66 Medical Examinations 

61 Regular Students 

66 Retu r n i ng After Leave 
of Absence 

65 Senior Citizens 

65 Servicemen's Opportunities 

61 Special Students 

64 Transfers 

54 Advanced Placement 

1 5 American Studies 
48 Anthropology 

60 Applying, Directions for 

16 Art 

16 Art History 

17 Art, Studio 
43 Astronomy 

56 Attendance 

57 Awards 

8 Bachelor of Liberal Studies 

18 Biology 

IBC Calendar 1978-79 
IBC Calendar 1979-80 

83 Campus Map 

79 Campus 

82 Campus Visits 

9 Career-Oriented Programs 

9 Cartography 

20 Chemistry 

2 1 Classics 

9 Communications 

35 Computer Science 

7 Cooperative Majors 

13 Courses 

55 Course Load 

55 Credit-by-Examination 

23 Dance 

57 Dean's List 

6, 8 Degrees 

7 Departmental Majors 

85 Directory 

22 Dramatic Arts 

22 Dramatic Arts and Dance 

63 Early Decision 

24 Economics 

24 Economics and 
Political Science 

26 Education 
7 8 Electives 

76 Employment 

27 English 

27 English and Linguistics 
55 Examinations 
89 Faculty 

69 Fees and Assistance 
71 Application Fee 
73 Classification as 
a Virginia Student 

72 Deposits 

74 Financial Ad 

76 Federal and State Grants 

76 Loans 

71 Part-time Students 

72 Refunds 

75 Scholarships and Grants 

70 Semester Fees and 

71 Senior Citizens 

77 Special Forms of Assistance 

76 Student Employment 

72 Terms of Payment 
72 Withdrawal Charges 

36 French 

29 Geography 

30 Geology 

37 German 
56 Grading 
21 Greek 

3 1 Health Education 

31 Health, Physical Education. 
and Recreation 

9 Health Sciences 

32 History 

53 Honor System 

7 Interdisciplinary Majors 
34 International Affairs 

8 Internships 
37 Italian 

54 Junior Year Abroad 
21 Latin 

9 Law 

34 Library Science 

28 Linguistics 

96 Index 

76 Loans 

44 Psychology 

7 Major Programs 

56 Quality Point Average 

34 Mathematics 

72 Refund of Fees 

34 Mathematics, Statistics, 

46 Religion 

and Computer Science 

53 Residence Requirements 

66 Medical Examinations 

70 Residential Fees 

35 Medical Technology 

37 Russian 

36 Modern Foreign Languages 

46 Russian Studies 

39 Music 

75 Scholarships and Grants 

40 Music, Education 

65, 71 Senior Citizens 

39 Music, History and Literature 

65 Servicemen 

41 Music, Performance 

47 Sociology 

47 Sociology and Anthropology 

40 Music, Studio Lessons 

40 Music, Theory 

38 Spanish 

70 Non-Residential Fees 

8 Special Majors 

71 Part-time Students 

61 Special Students 

56 Pass/Fail Option 

49 Speech 

42 Philosophy 

35 Statistics 

31 Physical Education 

52 Student Handbook 

43 Physics and Astronomy 

1 1 Support Services 

24 Political Science 

57 Suspension 

5 Program of Studies 

9 Teacher Certification 

7 Alternate Degree Programs 

54 Transfer Credit 

6 B.A., B.S., B.S. in Medical 

60 Typical Freshman 

8 Bachelor of Liberal Studies 

60 Typical Transfer Student 

9 Career-Oriented Programs 

80 Walking Tour 

57 Withdrawal 

7 Cooperative Majors 

Departmental Majors 

Interdisciplinary Majors 

8 Internships 

7 Major Programs 

7 Special Majors 



First Semester 1978 



First Semester 1979 

Saturday August 25 

Residence halls open at 9 a.m foi new students 


August 26 

Residence halls open at 9 a.m. for new students 
who have not participated in a Pre-College 

Orientation program. Orientation for this 

who have noi panic ipated in a Pre-Oollege 
< >rientation program, Orientation lor this 
group begins al 1 p m. 

group begins at 1 p.m. 


August 26 

Residence halls open al 9 a.m lor new students 


August 27 

Residence halls open at 9 a.m. for new students 
who have participated in a Pre-College pro- 
gram. Student Association Orientation lor all 

who have panic ipated in a Pre College pn > 
gram. Student Asv >< i. iii. hi ( )i M ni.ition for all 
new students begins at l p.m. 

new Students begins at 1 p.m. 


August 27 

Residence halls open al 9 a m. for returning 


August 28 

Residence halls open at 9 a.m. for returning 




August 27 

Registratii >n l< ir late admissic ins, unregistered 


August 28 

Registration for late admissions, unregistered 
returning students, part-time and special stu- 

returning students, pan time and special Stu 
dents from 3-8 p.m. 

dents from 3-8 p.m. 


August 28 

( lasses begin 


August 29 

Classes begin 


September 21-22 

Family Weekend 


September 22-23 

Family Weekend 


( )ct< iber 5 

Mid-semester vacation begins al 5 p.m. 


October 6 

Mid-semester vacation begins at 5 p.m. 

Residence halls cl< ise at 7 p.m. 

Residence halls close at 7 p.m. 


October 10 

Mid-semester vacation ends at 8 a.m Residence 


ay October 1 1 

Mid-semester vacatic >n ends at 8 a.m. Residence 

halls open at 1 p.m. Tuesday. October 9 

halls i ipen at l p.m., Tuesday, October 10 

October 29-November 16 

Registration for tile sec c >nd semester 


50-November 17 

Registration for the second semester 


November 21 

Thanksgiving holiday begins at 12:05 p.m. 


iv November 22 

Thanksgiving holiday begins at 12:05 p.m. 

Residence halls close at 2 p.m. 

Residence halls close at 2 p.m. 


November 26 

Thanksgiving holiday ends at 8 a.m. Residence 


November 27 

Thanksgiving holiday ends at 8 a.m. Residence 

halls open at 1 p.m., Sunday, Ni ivember 25 

halls open at 1 p.m., Sunday, November 26 


December 7-8 

Reading Days 


December 8-9 

Reading days 

Mon. -Sat. 

December 10-15 


Mon. Sat. 

December 11-16 



December 15 

Residence halls close at 7 p.m. 


December 16 

Residence halls close at 7 p.m. 

Second Semester 1979 

Second Semester 1980 


January 14 

Residence halls open at 9 a.m. 


January' 13 

Residence halls < ipen al 9 a.m. 


January 14 

New student advising registration In mi 
2-5 p.m. 


January 13 

New student advising registration from 
2-5 p.m. 

Mi inday 

January IS 

Classes begin 


January 1-t 

Classes begin 


March 2 

Spring vacation begins at 5 p.m. Residence 
halls close at 7 p.m. 


February' 29 

Spring vacation begins at 5 p.m. Residence 

halls close al 7 p.m. 


March 12 

Classes resume at 8 a.m. Residence halls open 
at 1 p.m., March 11 


March 10 

(lasses resume at 8 a.m. Residence halls open 
at 1 p.m.. March 9 

April 2-20 

Registration for the first semester of 1979-80 

March 31-Aj 

>ril 18 

Registration for the first semester i >l 1! 80 81 


April 27-28 

Reading Days 


April 25-26 

Reading Days 

Mon. Sat. 

April 30- May 5 






May 5 

Residence halls close at 9 p.m. for students wh< > 
are not candidates for graduation 


May 3 

Residence halls c l< >se al c > p m 1. >r students w In > 
are not candidates for graduation 


Mas- 12 

Graduation. Residence halls close at 1 1 p.m. 


May 1(1 

Graduation. Residence halls close at 11 p.m. 

Summer Session 1979 

Term Registration classes Begin Examinations 

(-48 p.m.) 
Three Week Monday, May 14 Tuesday, May IS Friday, June! 

First Fou 

■-Week Monday, Ju 

let TUesday, June 5 Friday, lune 29 

Second F 

our-Week Thursday, July 5 Friday,july6 TUesday, July 31 

(Classes held on 

Saturday, July 7) 


Mary Fredericksburg 

Washington Virginia 

College 22401